political science exam three

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1

standing committees

permanent, public policy

2

select committees

temporary, specific purpose

3

joint committees

both house and senate members

4

conference committees

joint/select, reconcile differences between House/Senate versions of proposed bills.

5

current texas senators

john cornyn, ted cruz

6

san marcos representative

tim kleinschmidt

7

executive privilege

claim that confidential communications between a president and close advisers should not be revealed without the consent of the president.

8

executive orders

rules and regulations issued by the president that have the effect and formal status of legislation.

9

president qualifications

1. You must be a natural born citizen
2. You must be thirty-five years old
3. You must have been a U.S. resident for fourteen years

10

president terms

4 years

11

explicit powers

powers listed in the Constitution

12

delegated powers

Powers that are specifactly granted to the federal government by the constitution

13

inherent powers

Inherent powers are powers specifically designated to certain branches of government by the Constitution. Some of the president's inherent powers are to command the military of the U.S., and to call joint sessions of congress (there are others, too).

14

vice presidents responsibilities

1) The vice-president shall replace the president in cases where he is not able to execute the duties of the office due to illness, resignation or death.
2) He shall vote to break any ties in the Senate.

15

types of courts at the state level

trial courts, courts of appeal, supreme courts, and specialized courts.

16

courts at federal level

Trial level
Appellate level
Supreme Court

17

habeus corpus

A writ requiring a person under arrest to be brought before a judge or into court

18

plea bargain

a negotiation in which the defendant agrees to enter a plea of guilty to a lesser charge and the prosecutor agrees to drop a more serious charge

19

judicial review

Review by the Supreme Court of the constitutional validity of a legislative act.

20

stare decisis

The legal principle of determining points in litigation according to precedent.

21

precedent

An earlier event or action regarded as an example or guide to be considered in subsequent similar circumstances

22

house of reps qualifications

Each representative must be at least twenty-five years old,
Must have been a citizen of the United States for the past seven years,
Must be (at the time of the election) an inhabitant of the district they represent.

23

house of reps term

2 years

24

senate qualification

-thirty years of age
-us citizen
-resident for at least 9 years
-inhabitant of the state to which they are elected

25

senate term

6 years. no limits to how many terms they serve.

26

types of concurrence

Temporal Concurrence - the actus reus and mens rea occur at the same time.
Motivational Concurrence - the mens rea motivates the actus reus.

27

judicial activism

(an interpretation of the U.S. constitution holding that the spirit of the times and the needs of the nation can legitimately influence judicial decisions (particularly decisions of the Supreme Court))

28

judicial restraint

The theory of judicial behavior that advocates basing decisions on grounds that have been previously defined by judicial precedent rather than on the basis of achieving some public good, which is viewed as the proper role of the legislature.

29

dissent

the opinion of judges in the minority

30

writ of certiorari

a common law writ issued by a superior court to one of inferior jurisdiction demanding the record of a particular case