political science exam three
permanent, public policy
temporary, specific purpose
both house and senate members
joint/select, reconcile differences between House/Senate versions of proposed bills.
current texas senators
john cornyn, ted cruz
san marcos representative
claim that confidential communications between a president and close advisers should not be revealed without the consent of the president.
rules and regulations issued by the president that have the effect and formal status of legislation.
1. You must be a natural born citizen
2. You must be thirty-five years old
3. You must have been a U.S. resident for fourteen years
powers listed in the Constitution
Powers that are specifactly granted to the federal government by the constitution
Inherent powers are powers specifically designated to certain branches of government by the Constitution. Some of the president's inherent powers are to command the military of the U.S., and to call joint sessions of congress (there are others, too).
vice presidents responsibilities
1) The vice-president shall replace the president in cases where he is not able to execute the duties of the office due to illness, resignation or death.
2) He shall vote to break any ties in the Senate.
types of courts at the state level
trial courts, courts of appeal, supreme courts, and specialized courts.
courts at federal level
A writ requiring a person under arrest to be brought before a judge or into court
a negotiation in which the defendant agrees to enter a plea of guilty to a lesser charge and the prosecutor agrees to drop a more serious charge
Review by the Supreme Court of the constitutional validity of a legislative act.
The legal principle of determining points in litigation according to precedent.
An earlier event or action regarded as an example or guide to be considered in subsequent similar circumstances
house of reps qualifications
Each representative must be at least twenty-five years old,
Must have been a citizen of the United States for the past seven years,
Must be (at the time of the election) an inhabitant of the district they represent.
house of reps term
-thirty years of age
-resident for at least 9 years
-inhabitant of the state to which they are elected
6 years. no limits to how many terms they serve.
types of concurrence
Temporal Concurrence - the actus reus and mens rea occur at the same time.
Motivational Concurrence - the mens rea motivates the actus reus.
(an interpretation of the U.S. constitution holding that the spirit of the times and the needs of the nation can legitimately influence judicial decisions (particularly decisions of the Supreme Court))
The theory of judicial behavior that advocates basing decisions on grounds that have been previously defined by judicial precedent rather than on the basis of achieving some public good, which is viewed as the proper role of the legislature.
the opinion of judges in the minority
writ of certiorari
a common law writ issued by a superior court to one of inferior jurisdiction demanding the record of a particular case