Gov

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created 9 years ago by HughstonThackham
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gov
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College: Second year
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1

Political Sociolization

process which we learn our political orientations and allgiences

2

opinion leaders

people who know more about a certain topic than we do, and whose advice we trust, seek out, and fallow

3

which president role make him the symbolic figurehead of our nation?

head of state

4

why has the impeachment process been a method of criticizing

too cumbersome to use in most circumstances

5

what member of the executive branch argues case fors the government before the surpreme court?

solictor general

6

which person wanted the president to have the most power?

alexander hamilton

7

the _____ greatly increased the role of the federal government in the economy

new deal

8

in the ear of the modern presidency the majority of americans

look to their presidents and government to solve social and economic eissues to inspire the public

9

the significance of the spiral of silence to public opnion is that

true public opinion on an issue may not be reflected because of the pressure to conform with the majority

10

cheif foriegn policy maker?

presidents executive role as the primary shaper of relations with other nations

11

executive office of the president

nine organizatoin that help the presiden with policy and politlca objectives

12

executive orders

clarifications of congressional policy issued by the president

13

executive agreement>

a presidential arrangment with another country that creates foriegn poloicy without the need for senete approcal

14

the following are criterious that presidents generally consider when nominatoin a surpreme candidate

race, ethnitcity or gender
politcal party
how they interpret the constitution
whether the person is personally acquainted with the president

15

judicial review

the power of the surpreme court to determine the constituionally of laws

16

common law tradition

legal system based on the accumalted ruling of judges over time

17

civil laws

laws regulating interations between individuals

18

civil law tradition

legal system based on a detailed comprehensive legal code created by the leg

19

appellate jurisdiction

the authority of a court to review decisions by lower courts

20

administrative law

law established by the bureaucracy on behalf of congress

21

writ of certiorari

formal request by the us surpreme court to call up the lower court case it decides to hear an appeal

22

the fact that the senate must confirm federal judical nominees is significatn because

it makes the process political

23

traditional presidency

chief executives who mainly lived within their constituional powers

24

modern presidency

more complex relationship between the president and citizins. they brnach out to use more informal powers, yet remain indepted to public approval for this expansion.

25

chief of staff

person who overseas the operations of the white house and determines who and when someone can access the president

26

rule of four

unwritten requirement that 4 surpreme court justices must agree to grant a case ceritotari in order for the case to be heard

27

precedent

previous decision that is binding on subsequent decisoins

28

adversial systems

trial procedures designed to resolve conflict through the class of opposing sides

29

state of union address

speech given by the president to a joint session of congress and to the nation announcing the presidents agenda

30

national security council

organization withing the executive of the president that provides foriegn policy advice to the president

31

push polls

polls that ask for reactions to hypothetical information in order to manipulate public opinion

32

constituional compromise

gave us an executive that has certain powers and independence, but still checked by congressional and judicial power

33

tracking polls

ongoing series of surveys that follow changes in public opinion overtime

34

spiral of silence

the process by which a majority opinion becomes exagerates because minorities do not feel comfortable speaking out in opposition

35

head of government

the politcal role of the president as a eader of a political party and cheif mediator of who gets what sources

36

head of bureaucracy

white house staff
office of management and budget
national secuirty council

37

judicial restraint

view that the courts should reject any active lawmaking functions and stick to judicial interpretions of the past

38

inquisitorial system

trial procedures designed to determine the truth through intervention of an active judge

39

chief administrator

head of federal ageecies and responsible for the implementation of natural policy
appoints cabinet membres

40

chief policy maker

negoiates treaties
makes executives agreements with other countries

41

1st double expection gap

between that the president must promise in order to gan office and the limitatiosn put on the president by the powers granted by the consituion

42

2nd gap

occur between conflictig roles.
president must function as both a politcal head of government and politcal head of state