Urinary System Notecards

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created 9 years ago by jgoebel
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1

nephrectasis

Distention of a kidney

2

cystolith

A stone in the urinary bladder

3

hydronephrosis

Enlargement of the renal pelvis due to an obstruction of the urine flow.

4

dysuria

Difficult or painful urination.

5

Enuresis

Bedwetting

6

ureterectasis

Distension of a ureter.

7

urethroplasty

Surgical repair of the urethra

8

cystopexy

The surgical fixation of the bladder to the abdominal wall.

9

paraspadias

A congenital abnormality in which the urethral opening is located on one side of the penis.

10

nephrolithiasis

A disorder characterized by the presence of kidney stones.

11

polyuria

Excessive urination.

12

ureter

Carries urine from the kidneys to the bladder.

13

catheterization

Inserting a tube through the urethra and into the urinary bladder.

14

uremia

A toxic condition caused by excessive urea and other waste products in the bloodstream.

15

hyperproteinuria

Abnormally high concentrations of protein in the urine.

16

nephrolithotomy

Surgical removal of a kidney stone by cutting into the kidney.

17

cystalgia

Pain in the bladder.

18

medulla

The structure containing the collecting tubules.

19

lithotripsy

The destruction of kidney stones by ultrasonic waves.

20

ureteralgia

Pain in the ureter

21

KUB

Radiographic study of kidneys without contrast.

22

nephropexy

Surgical fixation of a floating kidney

23

pyelonephritis

Inflammation of the renal pelvis and kidney

24

diuresis

Increased excretion of urine.

25

cystorrhagia

Bleeding from the bladder.

26

stricture

An abnormal band of tissue narrowing a body passage.

27

extracorporeal

Situated or occurring outside the body.

28

meatotomy

Incision into the urinary meatus to enlarge the opening.

29

urochrome

Pigment that gives urine its normal yellow-amber or straw coloring.

30

urologist

Specialist in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of the urinary system.

31

urinalysis

The examination of urine to determine the presence of abnormal elements.

32

ambulatory peritoneal dialysis

A patient who can come and go for dialysis treatments.

33

Bowman's capsule

Surrounds each glomerulus

34

kidneys

Organs that remove waste products from blood.

35

nephrons

Functional units of kidneys

36

renal cortex

Outer layer of the kidney

37

Renal pelvis

Collects urine produced by the kidneys

38

homeostasis

A state of balance

39

micturition

Urination

40

diuretics

Medication that increases urine production

41

cystolith

A stone in the urinary bladder

42

interstitial cystitis

Inflammation of the tissues of the walls of the bladder