Chapter 21 Immune System

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1

A hallmark mechanism in immunity is called ______.

Inflammation

2

Innate Non-Specific immunity defenses. Name 2.

Surface barriers and Internal defenses

3

Adaptive Specific immunity defenses are called ______.

Humoral immunity - B cells

Cellular immunity - T cells

4

Skin and mucous membranes serve as what type of immunity

surface barriers

5

Phagocytes, NK cells, inflammation, antimicrobial proteins and fever are all examples of ________.

Internal Defenses

6

Phagocytes include what two types of cells?

macrophages and neutrophils

7

Natural Killer Cells kill what type of cells?

Cancer cells and virus infected cells

8

Phagocytosis destroys pathogens by way of _________.

lysosomes

9

Cardinal signs of inflammation name all 4

redness, heat, swelling, and pain

10

The skin has what type of cells that cause the release of histamine?

mast cells

11

When external barrier of the skin is breached what type of response happens?

mast cells release histamine that cause inflammation