History exam two

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1

an american dilemma

a 1944 study on race relations by Gunnar Myrdal who described all of the painful obstacles that occurred for him, it sold many copies.

2

the american century

the 20th century was dominated by the united states, in political, economic, and cultural terms.

3

the four freedoms

a speech given by roosevelt on january 6 1941, proposing that people everywhere in the world should enjoy the freedom of speech, religion, want, and fear.

4

American Liberty League

an organization formed in 1934, mainly by conservative democrats to oppose the new deal. it was active for 2 years, then disbanded completely by 1940.

5

National Recovery Administration

new deal agency established by US president roosevelt in 1933. the goal was to eliminate competition and bring industry, labor, and government together. it was successful in some areas but also had many problems.

6

Philip Randolf

organized a march of 100,000 blacks to washington DC for jobs and equal integration in the fighting forces. He cancelled the march when roosevelt agreed to end discrimination in war employment.

7

yalta conference

meeting of roosevelt. churchill, and stalin at a crimean resort to discuss post war world on feb 4-11 1945.

8

truman doctrine

president harry trumans program of aid to european countries threatened by communism in 1947.

9

bracero program

system agreed to by mexican and american government in 1942. when tens of thousand of mexicans entered america to work agricultural jobs in the southwest, lasting until 1964.

10

spanish civil war

war in spain from 1936-39 where franco succeeded in overthrowing the republican government. during the war spain became a battleground for fascists and socialists.

11

congress of industrial organization (CIO)

umbrella organizations of semi skilled industrial unions formed in 1935.

12

wagner act

formed by national labor relations board and facilitated unionization by regulating employment and bargaining practices in 1935.

13

indian new deal

US federal legislation secured certain rights to native americans. june 18 1934

14

agricultural adjustment act

the new deal legislation that established the AAA to improve agricultural prices by limiting market supplies.

15

mary bethune

civil rights leader known for starting a school for african american students in daytona beach florida which eventually became a university. she was also an advisor to president roosevelt.

16

popular front

temporary coalition of political parties formed against a common opponent, like fascism.

17

teapot dome

scandal during the 1920s when president harding took bribes from wyoming oil reserves and ruined his reputation.

18

andrew mellon

helped reduce the overall public debt from wwII from 33 billion in 1919 to 16 billion in 1929. he was secretary of treasury.

19

return to normalcy

president hardings promotion of returning to the way life was before WWI, his campaign promise in the 1920 election.

20

the 18th amendment

prohibited the production, sale, and transport of alcoholic beverages, full effect on january 16, 1920

21

hawley and smoot tariff

legislation passed in 1930 to protect american business and farmers. this was the highest protection on US tariff during that time.