Cold War Flashcards


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1

UN

peace keeping body given more power than League of Nations

2

Marshall Plan

1948 financial aid to rebuild Europe

3

Bretton Woods

1944 international conference to establish a World Bank and IMF (international Monetary Fund)

4

Partition of Germany

completed at Potsdam, USSR taking East Germany, US + GB + France occupy West Germany

5

Berlin Blockade

Stalin attempted to siege West Berlin, ended up retreating

6

Tensions in Berlin lead to

creation of NATO

7

NATO

alliance of democratic, non communist powers

8

Warsaw Pact

USSR and satellite states alliance

9

Cold War Liberalism

adoption of New Deal policies regarding welfare mixed with anti-communism (Democrat platform)

10

Taft-Hartley Act

1947 act putting restrictions on unions

11

Fair Deal

Truman's domestic policy focusing on civil rights, universal healthcare, and education reform

12

2nd Red Scare began

after Churchill's Iron Curtain speech

13

NSC-68

government report warning that national survival relied on military buildup (increasing tensions with USSR)

14

Containment

US Cold War policy to contain communism where it exists

15

Truman Doctrine

commitment to support nations trying to battle communism

16

Munich Analogy

fear that appeasement of Soviets would lead to another global war

17

Un-American Activities Committee

prosecuted Americans associated with communists

18

Korean War (1950-1953)

joint occupation of Korea after WW2- Soviets supported communist North Korea, US supported democratic South Korea

Truman sets precedent of not using nuclear weapons

doesn't engage with Soviets directly

19

Domino Theory

Eisenhower's theory that if one nation falls to communism, those around it will fall

20

New Look

developed hydrogen bombs and long range missiles

21

Eisenhower Doctrine

plan to stop communist expansion int he Middle East

22

Vietnam War

rejected 1954 Geneva Accords, played a large role in Vietnam politics

23

Military Industrial Complex

idea that defense industries had excessive influence over government

24

Warren Court

Earl Warren appointed by Eisenhower to push Republican agenda, instead supported far reaching liberal decisions