Lesson 4 Flashcards

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1.What timebase do Audio Tracks default to? MIDI Tracks? Instrument Tracks? pg 96

Audio tracks are sample-based by default. MIDI and Instrument tracks are tick-based by default.


2.Which Pro Tools timescales are absolute? Which are relative? What is the difference between absolute and relative timescales? Pg 96

Samples are absolute, ticks are relative; absolute timelines are unchanging, which relative timelines allow durations to change when the session tempo is changed.


3.How do audio clips respond to tempo changes on a sample-based track? How do they respond if you change the track to tick-based (without using Elastic Audio)? Pg 98

When the timeline is tick-based, audio will move based on Bars/Beats but will not change duration.


4.Pro Tools provides 960 ticks per quarter note; how many ticks does it provide per half note? How many per eighth note? Pg 98

Pro Tools provides 1920 ticks per half note and 480 ticks per eighth note.


5.Why might you want to render a MIDI performance to audio? What are some available options for rendering a virtual instrument’s output to an audio file? pg 99

Plug-in and stand-alone instruments are both types of virtual instruments. Stand-alone instruments use ReWire.


6.What are some of the different options available for viewing data on MIDI and Instrument tracks in the Edit window? What kinds of operations can you perform in each view? Pg 101

Velocity, clips, blocks, and notes are all viewing options. Clips View allows you to arrange MIDI data, while Notes View displays individual MIDI notes and Velocity View displays note velocities.


7.Where are the MIDI input and output controls located for MIDI tracks in the Mix window? Where are they located for Instrument tracks? Pg 103

The input and output controls are located on the tracks on the Mix window, above the pan knobs for MIDI tracks and above the normal Input/Output section for Instrument tracks.


8.What does the MIDI Thru option do? How is it enabled? Pg 105

MIDI Thru is used for recording from a MIDI controller onto a MIDI or Instrument track and monitoring through a record-enabled track; it can be enabled in the Options menu.


9.What is the Default Thru Instrument setting used for? How can you change the Default Thru Instrument setting? Pg 105

Default Thru is used for monitoring a MIDI controller without a record-enabled MIDI or Instrument track and auditioning MIDI clips in the clip list.


10.What keyboard modifier would you use when clicking on a MIDI clip in the Clip List to audition it? What is required for this process to play sound? Pg 106

Option-click on a MIDI Clip in the Clip List to audition it. Default Thru must be enabled.


11.How is editing MIDI data different from editing audio? How are MIDI notes affected when deleting a selection or trimming a clip compared to how audio waveforms are affected? Pg 106

Midi notes an be modified while audio data can't.

The notes end point is not deleted unless the beginning point is deleted.


12.What are some of the functions of the Pencil tool when editing MIDI notes? Pg 107

smart tool


13.What setting normally determines the Default Note Duration when adding notes with the Pencil tool? How can this setting be changed? Pg 108

The current grid value

The default note notation


14.How can you select a range of MIDI notes using the on-screen keyboard? Pg 110

Use the left or right arrow while holding shift


15.What process can be used to transpose MIDI notes? What modifier can you use to transpose a selection up or down by an octave at a time? Pg 111

down or up keys

Shift<up or down keys


16.How can you edit MIDI note velocities from the computer keyboard? Pg 113

click and drag on the diamond


17.Describe some different ways of deleting notes on a MIDI or Instrument track. What track views allow you to delete notes? 115


Delete key

pencil tool<option