PT110 - Lesson 4 Flashcards

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1.What timebase do Audio Tracks default to? MIDI Tracks? Instrument Tracks? pg 96




2.Which Pro Tools timescales are absolute? Which are relative? What is the difference between absolute and relative timescales? Pg 96

Sample, Min to Sec, Timecode, feetframes

Bars | Beats


3.How do audio clips respond to tempo changes on a sample-based track? How do they respond if you change the track to tick-based (without using Elastic Audio)? Pg 98

They don't respond

The start of the clip becomes fixed and they will move to correspond with the sample based timeline.


4.Pro Tools provides 960 ticks per quarter note; how many ticks does it provide per half note? How many per eighth note? Pg 98




5.Why might you want to render a MIDI performance to audio? What are some available options for rendering a virtual instrument’s output to an audio file? pg 99

To enable audio editing and processing or to conserve processing resources

Drag&Drop or Track Freeze


6.What are some of the different options available for viewing data on MIDI and Instrument tracks in the Edit window? What kinds of operations can you perform in each view? Pg 101

Clips - Edit functions

Notes - Change note frequency and duration

Velocity - Change note loudness


7.Where are the MIDI input and output controls located for MIDI tracks in the Mix window? Where are they located for Instrument tracks? Pg 103

In the instruments view at the top of the track

In the I/O section


8.What does the MIDI Thru option do? How is it enabled? Pg 105

Allows data to travel through a track to its MIDI output.

In the options menu


9.What is the Default Thru Instrument setting used for? How can you change the Default Thru Instrument setting? Pg 105

Forces all virtual instruments to operate in a low latency domain



10.What keyboard modifier would you use when clicking on a MIDI clip in the Clip List to audition it? What is required for this process to play sound? Pg 106

Option Click / Alt Click

Holding down the mouse


11.How is editing MIDI data different from editing audio? How are MIDI notes affected when deleting a selection or trimming a clip compared to how audio waveforms are affected? Pg 106

Cutting with the start of a track deletes the whole track

If it includes the end, it deletes everything but the beginning note of the clip.


12.What are some of the functions of the Pencil tool when editing MIDI notes? Pg 107

It places down actual notes or in notes view it grabs it like in grab tool


13.What setting normally determines the Default Note Duration when adding notes with the Pencil tool? How can this setting be changed? Pg 108

Default Note Duration


14.How can you select a range of MIDI notes using the on-screen keyboard? Pg 110

Click the keyboard and change from there.


15.What process can be used to transpose MIDI notes? What modifier can you use to transpose a selection up or down by an octave at a time? Pg 111

Up arrow / Down arrow


16.How can you edit MIDI note velocities from the computer keyboard? Pg 113

Changing to Velocity view, changing to grabber or pencil tool and dragging the diamond.


17.Describe some different ways of deleting notes on a MIDI or Instrument track. What track views allow you to delete notes? 115

Edit > Clear

Option Eraser