Baroque, Classical, and Romantic Flashcards


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created 1 year ago by jsimmons
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1

Aristocracy

Aristocracy is the highest class in certain societies, especially those holding hereditary titles or offices.

2

Age of Absolutism

The baroque period is known as the “age of absolutism” because many rulers exercised absolute power over their subjects.

3

Basso Continuo

Continuous Bass

4

Camerata

Were a group of humanists, musicians, poets and intellectuals in late Renaissance Florence who gathered to discuss and guide trends in the arts, especially music and drama in Florence around 1575. It included Vincenzo Galilei, the father of the astronomer Galileo.

5

Recitative

A vocal style that is sung by a soloist with simple chordal accompaniment. It was modeled after speech and homophonic in texture.

6

Sonata

A composition in several movements for one to eight instruments.

7

Solo Concerto

A piece for single instruments

8

Improvisation

Creating music at the same time it is performed.

9

Fugue

Polyphonic composition based on one main theme or subject.

10

Sonata form

The Form of a single movement

11

Theme and Variation

A basic musical idea (theme) is repeated over and over and is changed each time.

12

Minuet and Trio

Often the third movement of a piece. Used as a dance.

13

Romanticism

A movement in the arts and literature that originated in the late 18th century, emphasizing inspiration, subjectivity, and the primacy of the individual.

14

Exoticism

Style or traits considered characteristic of a distant foreign country.

15

Nationalism

Identification with one's own nation and support for its interests, especially to the exclusion or detriment of the interests of other nations.

16

Program Music

Instrumental music associated with a story, poem, or scene.