unit 8 vocab Flashcards


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1

3 Gs

God, glory, and gold.

2

Amerigo Vespucci

Explorer the Americas are named after

3

Aztec/Mexica

Large central Mexican empire that ruled over 12 million at the time the Spanish arrived in 1512

4

Caravel

Ships the Europeans were using for exploration.

5

Chavin

First major civilization of the Andean area

6

Chinampas

Manmade floating islands the Aztec made to plant maiz on.

7

Christopher Columbus

Tried to find a western route to India and landed in the Americas; Sailed for Spain

8

Codex/Codecies (pl.)

books the Maya and Aztec used

9

Columbian Exchange

global diffusion of animals, crops, people, and disease; (corn, potatoes, smallpox, livestock)

10

Cortes, Hernan

Conquistador that conquered the Aztec

11

East India Company

joint stock companies to bring wealth to the mother country

12

El Mina

largest “factory” set up by Portugal in Africa; factories were military bases and places of commerce

13

Ferdinand Magellan

First man to attempt circumnavigation of the globe

14

Iberian Peninsula

Spain and Portugal

15

Inca

Major civilization in S America

16

Maya

Classical civilization of Mexico

17

Middle Passage

The name of the grueling trip African slaves traveled when shipped from Africa to the Americas

18

Mita (Inca)

Labor turns

19

Mercantilism

A European economic idea that there was a set amount of wealth in the world

20

Monsoons

Winds that affect the climate of S. Asia and Indian Ocean

21

Obsidian

glassy, volcanic rock Mesoamerican cultures used to make sharp weapons

22

Olmec

First major civilization of the Americas located in the coastal jungles of Central Mexico

23

Pachacuti

The Inca king that is credited with its great expansion

24

Pizzaro, Francisco

Conquistador that conquered the Inca

25

Prince Henry the Navigator

A patron of Portuguese exploration; funded schools of navigation

26

Quipu

the Inca system of record keeping

27

Split inheritance

A practice in Inca culture where the King passed his power to the heir and his wealth to his other children

28

Tenochtitlan

Captial city of the Aztec Empire

29

Toltec

Central Mexican tribe that preceded the Aztec

30

Treaty of Tordesillas

Established a line of demarcation for Spain and Portugal

31

Triangle Trade

An exchange that involved the New World, Europe, and Africa

32

Vasco da Gama

First European to sail around Africa and reach India

33

Voodoo

A hybrid religion mixed Catholicism with African Shamanism