Chapter 5 Flashcards


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Dentistry & The Law
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1

Abandonment

withdrawing a patient from treatment without giving reasonable notice or providing a competent replacement.

2

Administrative Law

Category of the law that involves regulations established by government agencies.

3

Board Of Dentistry

State agency that adopts rules and regulations & implements the specific state's Dental Practice Act.

4

Child Abuse

Any act that endangers or impairs a child's physical or emotional health or development.

5

Civil Law

Category of the law that deals with relations of individuals, corporations or other organizations.

6

Contract Law

Category of the law that involves an agreement for services in exchange for a payment ( Contract)

7

Criminal Law

Category of the law that involves violations against the state or government.

8

Dental Auxiliary

Dental assistants, dental hygienists, and dental laboratory teachnicians.

9

Direct Supervision

Level of supervision in which the dentist is physically present when the dental auxiliary performs delegated functions.

10

Due Care

Just proper, and sufficient care or the absence of negligence

11

Elder Abuse

Includes physical or sexual abuse, financial exploitation, emotional confinement, passive neglect or willful deprivation of an elderly person.

12

Expanded Functions

Specific introal functions delegated to an auxiliary that require increased skill and training.

13

Expressed Contract

A contract that is established through verbal or written words.

14

Felony

A major crime, such as fraud or drug abuse. Conviction can result in imprisonment of 1 year or longer.

15

General Supervision

Leve of supervision in which the dental axillary performs delegated functions according to the instructions of the dentist, who is not necessarily physically present.

16

HIPAA

The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996; specifies federal regulations ensuring privacy regarding a patient's healthcare info.

17

Implied Consent

Type of contest in which the patients actions indicates consent for treatment.

18

Implied Contract

Contract that is established by actions, not words.

19

Informed Consent

Permission granted by patient after he or she is informed about the details of a procedur.

20

Infraction

Minor offense that usually results in only a fine.

21

Licensure

License to practice in a specific state.

22

Malpractice

Professional negligence

23

Mandated Reporters

Designated professionals who are required by law to report known or suspected child abuse.

24

Misdemeanor

Offense that may result in imprisonment of 6 months to 1 year.

25

Patient Of Record

Patient who has been examined and diagnosed by the dentist and has had treatment planned.

26

Reciprcity

System that allows individuals in one state to obtain a license in another state without resetting.

27

Res Gestae

Latin for 'things done'. Statements made by a person present at the time of an alleged negligent act that are admissible as evidence in a court of law.

28

Res ipsa loquitur

Latin phrase for 'The things speaks for itself'

29

Respondent Superior

Latin for 'Let the master answer'. Legal doctrine that holds an employer liable for acts of the employee family member or members.

30

Spousal Abuse

Drastic violence intentionally inflicted by a family member or members

31

Standard Of Care

Level of knowledge, skill, and care comparable with that of other dentists who are treating similar patients under sililar conditions.

32

State Dental Practice Act

Document of the law that specifies legal requirements for practicing dentistry in a particular state.

33

Statutory Law

Law enacted by enacted by legislation through U.S. Congress state legislature or local legislative bodies

34

Tort Law

Involving ac act that brings harm to a person or damage or property.

35

Written Consent

Consent that requires a written explanation of diagnostic findings prescribed treatment and reasonable expectations about treatment results.