5th Century BC Athens - Society & Politics Flashcards


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1

Homeric

Relating to Bronze Age Greece as described in the Homeric poems.

2

Dorians

One of the four major ethnic groups into which the Hellenes (or Greeks) of Classical Greece divided themselves.

3

Thucydides

An Athenian historian and general. His History of the Peloponnesian War recounts the fifth-century BC war between Sparta and Athens until the year 411 BC

4

Plutarch

A Greek writer and philosopher who lived between c. 45-50 CE and c. 120-125 CE. A prodigious and hugely influential writer, he is now most famous for his biographical works in his Parallel Lives which present an entertaining history of some of the most significant figures from antiquity.

5

strategoi

A military general. The annual election of strategoi was held in the spring, and their term of office coincided with the ordinary Athenian year, from midsummer to midsummer

6

Ostracism

In Athens in the 5th cent. BC was a way to exile a citizen for ten years.

7

Archon

The chief magistrate or magistrates in many city-states.

8

Areopagus

The earliest aristocratic council of ancient Athens. The name was taken from the Areopagus, a low hill northwest of the Acropolis, which was its meeting place.

9

Egalitarianism

The doctrine that all people are equal and deserve equal rights and opportunities.

10

demagogues

political orators who appeal blatantly to the listeners' emotion

11

heliaea

The supreme court in Athens

12

quorum

The minimum number of members of a deliberative assembly

13

zeugitae

A class of citizens in ancient Athens having 200 to 300 bushels.