Government Unit 2 study guide Flashcards


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1

What is limited government?

One where legalized force is restricted through delegated an enumerated authorities.

2

What did Britain deny to the colonists according to the declaration of independence?

The colonies should be free and independent states.

3

What is the main idea of the declaration of independence?

People have certain Inalienable rights including life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.

4

what was representation like under the articles of confederation?

A congress with representation not based on population.

5

What was the meeting called when delegates met to revise to articles of confederation?

The Constitutional Convention.

6

What was representation like under the New Jersey plan? What was representation like under
the Virginia plan?

Equal representation for each state in Congress.

7

The main argument against the proposed constitution.

Feared that the new national government would be too powerful and thus threaten individual liberties.

8

Why is the idea of separation of powers and limited government included in state constitutions?

To prevent the concentration of power and provide for checks and balances.

9

How is the formal amendment process an example of federalism at work?

Taking place at the national level and ratification at the state level.

10

What did Marbury v Madison allow?

The principle of judicial review

11

What are the first three articles about in the constitution?

Legislative, Executive, and Judicial.

12

What is the system called where one branch of government limits the other two branches?

Checks and balances.

13

What is the executive check on the legislative branch?

Veto legislation created by Congress and nominates heads of federal agencies.

14

Congress declares wars but what can the president do through executive orders?

The Constitution divides war powers between Congress and the president.

15

What is an executive agreement? What is a treaty? How are they different?

1. An international agreement that is binding, but which the President enters into without receiving the advice and consent of the Senate.

2. An international agreement that receives the advice and consent of the Senate and is ratified by the President