Chapter 4 Section 2 Intro to Plants Flashcards


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1

What colors are in white light?

The Rainbow: Red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, violet (ROY G BIV)

2

Why do we see a leaf as green? What happens to the other colors?

The green is reflected off of the leaf and the other colors are absorbed

3

Reflection

The process of light hitting a shiny surface and bouncing back

4

Absorbtion

When dark objects take in light

5

What is the most abundant pigament in leaves?

Chlorophyll

6

What are the 2 stages in photosynthesis?

Captures energy from the sun and uses it to produce food

7

What raw materials are needed for photosynthesis?

Carbon Dioxide and Water

8

What are the products of photosynthesis?

Sugar and oxygen

9

What happens to the food produced in plants that is not used?

It is stored in the fruit, stem, roots, and leaves

10

What would happen if a plant did not receive enough carbon dioxide or sunlight?

It will wilt

11

What is the overall equation for photosynthesis?

CO2 + H2O -sunlight-> C6H12O6 + O2

12

Accessory Pigment

The other pigment in leaves which include orange and yellow that absorb different colors of light than chlorophyll

13

What is the name of the energy trapping pigment used in photosynthesis?

Chlorophyll

14

In which organelle does photosynthesis happen in?

Chloroplast

15

Transmission

The process when transparent materials allow light to pass through them