Endocrine hormones and functions Flashcards


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created 1 year ago by Tpham137
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1

OT (OXYTOCIN)

stimulates urine contractions and milk ejection during suckling

2

ACTH (ADRENOCORTICOTROPIC HORMONE)

stimulates secretion of hormones by the adrenal cortex

3

ADH (ANTI-DIURETIC HORMONE)

  • decreases water loss by increasing absorption of water into blood
  • decrease urine production

4

ANDROGENS

increases sex drive in females

5

T3 (TRIIODOTHYRONINE)

T4 (THYROXINE)

increases metabolism and BMR

6

LH (LUTEINIZING HORMONE)

FEMALE

  • triggers ovulation
  • stimulates estrogen and progesterone

MALE

  • stimulates testosterone

7

PTH (PARATHYROID HORMONE)

increases blood calcium levels by stimulating osteoclast activity

8

EPINEPHRINE

NE (NOREPINEPHRINE)

promotes flight or fight reponse

9

PRL (PROLACTIN)

stimulate production & secretion of milk

10

CORTISOL

  • increases resistance to stress
  • increases blood glucose levels
  • decrease inflammation

11

MELATONIN

helps set the biological clock

12

MSH (MELANOCYTE STIMULATING HORMONE)

darkens skin pigmentation

13

hGH (human GROWTH HORMONE)

stimulates body growth and metabolism

14

CALCINTONIN

decreases blood calcium levels by inhibiting osteoclasts

15

THYMOSIN

promotes maturation of T cells

16

FSH (FOLLICLE STIMULATING HORMONE)

Female:

stimulates oocyte production & estrogen secretion

Male:

stimulates sperm production

17

INSULIN

decreases blood glucose levels by transporting glucose into body cells

18

GLUCAGON

increases blood glucose levels by stimulating the liver to break out glycogen into glucose

19

ESTROGEN

PROGESTERONE

  • regulate menstrual cycle
  • development of female sex characteristics (ex:breasts)

20

TESTOSTERONE

  • regulates sperm development
  • development of male sex characteristic
  • stimulates sex drive

21

TSH (THYROID STIMULATING HORMONE)

stimulates thyroid hormones

22

ALDOSTERONE

  • increases reabsorption of sodium and water into blood
  • decreases urine output