World Music: Test 1 Flashcards


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1

A membranophone is:

a. a vibrating column of air.

b. cymbals and gongs.

c. drums with skins.

d. homophonic or polyphonic.

c. drums with skins.

2

Ethnomusicology:

a. is the study of Western art music

b. is confined to the study of printed music.

c. avoids using anthropological methods

d. is the study of music in the context of human life.

d. is the study of music in the context of human life

3

Melody is (the):

a. several pitches at once.

b. succession of pitches.

c. speed of the beat.

d. basic music interval.

b. succession of pitches.

4

Rhythm is:

a. random events

b. cycles per second.

c. recurring accents

d. determined by timbre.

c. recurring accents

5

Form describes:

a. a feeling of tension/dissonance

b. important tones in a ladder arrangement.

c. high or low tone

d. how the music proceeds.

d. how the music proceeds.

6

One of the reasons for studying music-cultures is:

a. to understand, but not enjoy music of other cultures.

b. to understand music as part of other cultures.

c. to see how much better certain music is (elitism)

d. to study the practice of ethnocentricity

b. to understand music as part of other cultures.

7

The soundscape does NOT include:

a. Non human sounds

b. Pictures of instruments

c. sounds prior to 1870.

d. sounds made by the observer.

b. Pictures of instruments

8

The story of how the visiting Asian musician enjoyed the sound of the symphony orchestra tuning up illustrates:

a. that he had a serious hearing impairment.

b. that symphony orchestras in all cultures should tune up.

c. how ignorant the man was about good music.

d. that different cultures define good music differently.

d. that different cultures define good music differently.

9

The whole way of life of a people is its:

a. culture.

b. ideas.

c. aesthetics of music

d. music

a. culture.

10

Timbre describes:

a. the performing medium.

b. a short musical statement.

c. a feeling of tension.

d. a feeling of completion.

a. the performing medium.

11

A peyote rattle is:

a. eaten as a sacrament

b. played with water drum.

c. a three-legged iron pot.

d. a Yeibichai song.

b. played with water drum.

12

A prominent structural feature of most traditional Native-American music is:

a. an absence of unity in favor of contrast

b. its repetition of words and melodies.

c. its use of consonant accompanying chords.

d. the use of a few clear, simple meters.

b. its repetition of words and melodies

13

Clinging to a Saving Hand is

a. country western.

b. rock 'n' roll.

c. Navajo country gospel.

d. about the evils of alcohol.

c. Navajo country gospel.

14

Current traditional popular music among the Navajo includes:

a. country-western music such as "Folsom Prison Blues."

b. different kinds of Ndáá'songs from the Enemyway.

c. Zuni lullabies and Iroquois Quiver dance songs.

d. Navajo peyote songs and country gospel singing.

b. different kinds of Ndáá'songs from the Enemyway.

15

Folsom Prison Blues differs from most traditional North-American Indian music in its use of:

a. accompanying chords.

b. a strong, clear meter.

c. electric guitars.

d. all of these choices

d. all of these choices

16

Frank Mitchell

a. avoided his wife's parents and her mother's relatives.

b. left school partly because Navajos were suspicious of foreigners.

c. learned his religious songs and practices from attending a special school.

d. spent his entire life as a ceremonial practitioner, avoiding any other kind of work.

b. left school partly because Navajos were suspicious of foreigners.

17

Navajo hymn music

a. is sung with drum and rattle accompaniment.

b. is sung while peyote is eaten as a sacrament.

c. shows Christian influence

d. is of the Native American Church

c. shows Christian influence

18

Navajos have been highly influenced from outside their community by the following organized religious movement(s)

a. the Native-American flute revival.

b. the Christian missionary and Native American Church

c. the Enemyway style (usually Sway songs or Dance songs).

d. the revival of the sacramental use of rattles and vocables.

b. the Christian missionary and Native American Church

19

The peyotists of the Native American Church

a. disbanded when police finally ended this movement

b. no longer eat peyote as a sacrament

c. embrace other religious ideas.

d. stopped singing syllabic hymn music.

c. embrace other religious ideas.

20

Which of the following is not an outside religious movement that has recently influenced Navajo religion?

a. the Native American Church

b. evangelical Christianity

c. the Enemyway ceremony

d. Navajo hymn and gospel music

c. the Enemyway ceremony

21

Abubakari Lunna, the drummer of Dagbon, received his musical training through:

a. The Yoruba Drum School.

b. a master-apprenticeship process.

c. working in a post office.

d. simulated performance context.

b. a master-apprenticeship process.

22

Agbekor originally functioned as:

a. praise songs

b. war drumming.

c. hunting music.

d. ancestral worship.

b. war drumming.

23

The mbira is a(n):

a. membranophone.

b. aerophone.

c. idiophone.

d. chordophone.

c. idiophone.

24

The political structure of the Ewe:

a. is a democratic republic.

b. reflects a hierarchical concentration of power.

c. grows out of territorial divisions headed by a chief.

d. vests all power in a supreme king.

c. grows out of territorial divisions headed by a chief.

25

The Western scholars of African music, Koetting and Locke, thought the sounds the postal workers created:

a. were not quite like music.

b. were unrelated to the postal workers' jobs.

c. sounded like music.

d. lacked melody and form.

c. sounded like music.

26

Thomas Mapfumo's chimurenga music, "Be Ashamed":

a. was not produced in a studio.

b. is a praise song for warriors.

c. features an electrified mbira.

d. features an electrified kora.

b. is a praise song for warriors.

27

Where do the Mande live?

a. eastern Africa

b. central Africa

c. northern Africa

d. Western Africa

d. Western Africa

28

Which of the following is a dangerous distortion of the Forest People?

a. non-literate, non-industrial

b. decentralized and egalitarian

c. primitive savage

d. cashless economy

c. primitive savage

29

Which of the following is a generalization about African music-culture?

a. African music is usually art for art's sake.

b. African music is separated from other aspects of life.

c. African music is exclusively performed by trained musicians.

d. African music welcomes participation by everyone.

d. African music welcomes participation by everyone.

30

Which of the following is not a function of the jalolu (griots) of Mande?

a. counselors to royalty

b. guardians of history

c. patrons for merchants

d. entertainers for the public

c. patrons for merchants

31

"Rosy," sung by prisoners, is a:

a. Field holler

b. Blues song

c. Song of worship

d. Work song

d. Work song

32

According to our text, one of the important differences between blues and jazz is:

a. blues is subset of jazz that led to its development.

b. jazz is a technique or way of forming music.

c. jazz is a feeling and specific musical form.

d. blues is a technique or way of forming music.

b. jazz is a technique or way of forming music.

33

Blues singers usually compose their songs:

a. by self-consciously composing at set times during the day.

b. in lines/stanzas that come at widely spaced, time intervals.

c. spontaneously during live performances as they improvise.

d. by continually varying the words to their songs

b. in lines/stanzas that come at widely spaced, time intervals.

34

By the early 1960s, blues music had:

a. been replaced by soul music in African-American communities.

b. ceased to be of interest to players outside of black communities.

c. become the dominant musical force in African-American communities.

d. returned to unamplified guitars and barrelhouse pianos.

a. been replaced by soul music in African-American communities.

35

The blues of recent years has:

a. maintained its roots with black sharecroppers.

b. eliminated rock beats and horn sections.

c. played to white audiences throughout the world.

d. returned to African-American communities.

c. played to white audiences throughout the world.

36

The blues scale usually alters which scale degrees?

a. 1st, 2nd, and 3rd

b. 3rd, 5th, and 6th

c. 3rd, 4th, and 7th

d. 3rd, 5th, and 7th

d. 3rd, 5th, and 7th

37

The stanza form of blues lyrics is commonly:

a. A B A.

b. a b c d e f A B.

c. four different lines.

d. A A B.

d. A A B.

38

The text of the blues usually deals with:

a. the hardships of being a worker.

b. being poor and current politics.

c. traveling home to "sweet" Chicago.

d. lovers and mistreatment.

d. lovers and mistreatment.

39

What does our text conclude about the relationship between the text in "Poor Man Blues" and Bill Lucas' actual life?

a. Like most blues, the text is an accurate autobiographical statement.

b. There is no relationship between the text and Lucas' real life.

c. The text deliberately distorts and romanticizes Lucas' actual life.

d. The text speaks only generally of Lucas' personal experiences.

d. The text speaks only generally of Lucas' personal experiences.

40

Which one of the following is not an important characteristic of the blues?

a. rhythmically simple, all parts in same meter

b. three chord pattern: I IV I V IV I

c. a series of 3-lined or quatrain-refrain stanzas

d. often a raspy, improvised vocal quality

a. rhythmically simple, all parts in same meter