Constitution Study Guide Flashcards


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1

Popular Sovereignty

The people having the right to rule

2

Republicanism

Representatives votes on to make laws

3

Federalism

Sharing power between the national and state governments

4

Seperation of Power

The division of power into branches

5

Checks and Balances

Each branch has the power to check and control the others

6

Limited Government

Everyone has to obey the law

7

Individual Rights

Having our own person liberties and privileges

8

What is the role of the Legislative branch and who is in it?

a) they make laws

b) Congress

9

What is the role of the Executive branch and who is in it?

a) they enforce laws

b) President, Vice President, Cabinet, and Executive agencies

10

How do vetoes work?

It works when a president refuses to sign a bill into a law

11

How can a veto be overridden?

When there is a 2/3 majority vote in the Senate and House of Representatives

12

What are the requirements to be a representative?

- Term: 2 years

- Minimum Age: 25

- Residency: state where elected

- Citizenship: 7 years

13

What are the requirements to be a Senator?

- Term: 6 years

- Minimum Age: 30

- Residency: state where elected

Citizenship: 9 years

14

What are the requirements to be President?

- Term: 4 years

- Minimum Age: 35

- Residency: 14 years in US

- Citizenship: Natural-Born

15

What are the requirements to be a part of the Supreme Court?

- Term: Unlimited

- Minimum Age: None

- Residency: None

- Citizenship: None

16

What is the role of a Vice President?

They break ties in Senate and to be always ready

17

What are several powers the president has?

Make appointments, sign treaties, call special sessions, propose and veto laws

18

How are Justices chosen for the Supreme Court?

The President nominates someone and are confirmed by Senate

19

What are examples of Checks and Balances on the Legisative Branch?

Executive: impeach and remove president

Judicial: refuse to confirm appointments

20

What are examples of Checks and Balances on the Executive Branch?

Legislative: Veto acts of Congress

Judicial: Apppoint Federal judges

21

What are examples of Checks and Balances on the Judicial Branch?

Legislative: Declare acts unconstitutional

Executive: Declare act unconstitutional

22

Federal courts have the power to rule in what cases?

National laws, state's conflict, treaties, and citizen's from different state's conflicts

23

What are the houses of Congress?

Senate and House of Representatives

24

How is representation determined in the houses?

Senate: 1 vote for each state, elects 2 Senators (equal representation)

House of Representatives: population of the state

25

Who has the power to declare war?

Congress

26

What are the 1st 10 amendments called?

The Bill of Rights

27

What are the 5 freedoms guaranteed by the 1st amendment?

Speech, religion, press, assembly, and petition

28

What is the popular quote in the 2nd amendment?

"A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms, shall not be infringed."

29

Probable Cause

Not being able to search someone without having a reasonable basis that a crime has been committed

30

Warrant

Written ordered required by the law to allow for searches

31

Due Process

Individuals are treated fairly and that legal matters are resolved by the law

32

Delegated powers

Powers that belong to the national government

example: regulate trade between the states

33

Reserved powers

Powers given to the states or the people

example: creates a school curriculum

34

According to the 5th amendment, if you are accused of a crime, what do you have the right to do?

- Right to have a jury

- refuse to answer a question because you could be incriminated

- not be accused of the same crime 2x

35

What is the law of the land?

Federal law, treaties, and the Constitution

36

Judicial review

Court can decide that a law is unconstitutional

37

Concurrent

Powers that belong to both the national government and start government can control

example: power to tax