The people having the right to rule
Representatives votes on to make laws
Sharing power between the national and state governments
Seperation of Power
The division of power into branches
Checks and Balances
Each branch has the power to check and control the others
Everyone has to obey the law
Having our own person liberties and privileges
What is the role of the Legislative branch and who is in it?
a) they make laws
What is the role of the Executive branch and who is in it?
a) they enforce laws
b) President, Vice President, Cabinet, and Executive agencies
How do vetoes work?
It works when a president refuses to sign a bill into a law
How can a veto be overridden?
When there is a 2/3 majority vote in the Senate and House of Representatives
What are the requirements to be a representative?
- Term: 2 years
- Minimum Age: 25
- Residency: state where elected
- Citizenship: 7 years
What are the requirements to be a Senator?
- Term: 6 years
- Minimum Age: 30
- Residency: state where elected
Citizenship: 9 years
What are the requirements to be President?
- Term: 4 years
- Minimum Age: 35
- Residency: 14 years in US
- Citizenship: Natural-Born
What are the requirements to be a part of the Supreme Court?
- Term: Unlimited
- Minimum Age: None
- Residency: None
- Citizenship: None
What is the role of a Vice President?
They break ties in Senate and to be always ready
What are several powers the president has?
Make appointments, sign treaties, call special sessions, propose and veto laws
How are Justices chosen for the Supreme Court?
The President nominates someone and are confirmed by Senate
What are examples of Checks and Balances on the Legisative Branch?
Executive: impeach and remove president
Judicial: refuse to confirm appointments
What are examples of Checks and Balances on the Executive Branch?
Legislative: Veto acts of Congress
Judicial: Apppoint Federal judges
What are examples of Checks and Balances on the Judicial Branch?
Legislative: Declare acts unconstitutional
Executive: Declare act unconstitutional
Federal courts have the power to rule in what cases?
National laws, state's conflict, treaties, and citizen's from different state's conflicts
What are the houses of Congress?
Senate and House of Representatives
How is representation determined in the houses?
Senate: 1 vote for each state, elects 2 Senators (equal representation)
House of Representatives: population of the state
Who has the power to declare war?
What are the 1st 10 amendments called?
The Bill of Rights
What are the 5 freedoms guaranteed by the 1st amendment?
Speech, religion, press, assembly, and petition
What is the popular quote in the 2nd amendment?
"A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms, shall not be infringed."
Not being able to search someone without having a reasonable basis that a crime has been committed
Written ordered required by the law to allow for searches
Individuals are treated fairly and that legal matters are resolved by the law
Powers that belong to the national government
example: regulate trade between the states
Powers given to the states or the people
example: creates a school curriculum
According to the 5th amendment, if you are accused of a crime, what do you have the right to do?
- Right to have a jury
- refuse to answer a question because you could be incriminated
- not be accused of the same crime 2x
What is the law of the land?
Federal law, treaties, and the Constitution
Court can decide that a law is unconstitutional
Powers that belong to both the national government and start government can control
example: power to tax