Prefixes and suffixes Flashcards


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created 1 year ago by marannda
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updated 1 year ago by marannda
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medical terminology
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1

-centesis

Surgical procedure (often with a needle/puncture)

2

-ectomy

removal or excision

3

-lysis

To separate or destroy

4

-pexy

Fixation (to fix something in place)

5

-plasty

To surgically repair

6

-storny

To form an opening

7

-tome

An instrument to cut

8

-tomy

To cut or incise

9

-tripsy

Crushing

10

-gram

A record or recording

11

-graph

An instrument used to record

12

-graphy

The process of recording

13

-meter

A tool to measure

14

-scope

The instrument used to examine

15

-scopy

A visual examination

16

-algia, -dynia

Pain

17

-plasia, -plasm

Formation or growth

18

-gen, -genesis

To create or form

19

-rrhage

A rapid flow or bursting fourth

20

-edema

Swelling

21

-cele

Hernia, swelling

22

-lith

Stone, callus

23

-osis

Abnormal condition

24

-spasm

Involuntary contraction, twitching

25

-stenosis

Narrowing, stricture

26

-rrhea

Discharge, flow

27

-pathy

Disease

28

-itis

Inflammation

29

-oma

Tumor

30

-plegia

Paralysis

31

-emia

Blood condition

32

-iasis

Abnormal condition (produced by something specific)

33

-trophy

Nourishment, development

34

-penia

Decrease, deficiency

35

-malacia

Softening

36

-megaly

Enlargement

37

-ac, -al, -ar, -ary, -ic, -lie, -ous

Pertaining to

38

-esis, -ia, -ism

Nouns meaning condition

39

-ician, -ist

Nouns meaning specialist

40

-iatry

Noun meaning medicine, treatment

41

Macro-

Large

42

Homo-

Same

43

Mono-, uni-

One

44

Micro-

Small

45

Circum-

Around

46

A-, an-

Without, not

47

Super-

Upper, above

48

Post-

After

49

Pre, pro-

Before

50

Dia-, trans-

Through, across

51

Directional Terms

Cronal/Frontal Plane

Tranverse Plane

Median/Mid-Sagital Place

52

Anterior

Towards the front (frontal plane)

53

Posterior

Towards the back (frontal plane)

54

Inferior

below the head (tranverse plane)

55

Superior

towards the head (transverse plane)

56

Proximal

closer to the origin of the limb (use in reference of limbs)

57

Distal

farther from the origin of the of the limb (use in reference of limbs)

58

Ventral

towards the front (frontal plane)

59

Dorsal

towards the back (frontal plane)

60

Lateral

farther away from the mid-sagital plane

61

Medial

closer to the mid-sagital plane

62

hypo-

less than, below

63

Epi-

above, upon

64

lumb-

lower back

65

inguin-

groin

66

Endoscopy

visual examination of an organ or cavity with an endoscope

67

Radiograph

ionizing radiation waves pass through body onto photographic film to produce an image of internal structures

68

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)

radiographic procedure that uses electromagnetic energy to produce multiplanar cross-sectional images of the body

69

Ultrasound (US)

ultra high frequency sound waves emitted by a transducer or probe to produce an image of a body structure

70

Positron Emission Tomography (PET)

radioactive chemical (tracer) introduced. tracer accumulates in most rapidly metabolizing structures and produces and image

71

Anastomosis

Surgical joining of two ducts, vessels, or bowel segments to allow the flow from one to the other

72

Cauterization

processes of burning abnormal tissue with electricity, freezing, heat, or chemicals

73

Adhesion

scar tissue joining two things together

74

Inflammation

immune response to injury

75

Septicemia

septic infection in the blood

76

Chrondr/o

cartilage

77

Cyt/o

cell

78

Hist/o

tissue

79

Nucle/o

nucleus

80

Abdomin/o

Abdomen

81

Chephal/o

head

82

Cervic/o

neck

83

Crani/o

cranium

84

Gastr/o

stomach

85

Ili/o

ilium

86

Inguin/o

groin

87

Lumb/o

lower back

88

Pelv/i

Pelvis

89

Spin/o

spine

90

Thorac/o

chest

91

Umbilic/o

belly button/navel