Chapter 4 Part 1 - Ecosystems Flashcards


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1

organisms that break down animal waste and remains

decomposers

2

the transfer of energy from one organism to another by eating and being eaten

food chain

3

animal that eats plants and other animals

omnivore

4

all the members of a species that live in an area of an ecosystem

population

5

living things that make their own food

producers

6

living things that eat other living things

consumers

7

system of overlapping food chains

food web

8

this occurs when two or more living things need the same resources to survive

competition

9

an animal that eats plants

herbivore

10

an animal that eats other animals

carnivore

11

an area or place where an organism lives in an ecosystem

habitat

12

all the living and nonliving things in an environment and the many ways they interact

ecosystem

13

an ecosystem that is very hot and dry

desert

14

a very cold region where the ground is frozen all year

tundra

15

what always comes first in a food chain

plants