Ancient Egypt Vocab Flashcards


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1

Nile River

the longest river in the world that made civilization in Egypt possible

2

upper Egypt

southern part of Egypt

3

lower Egypt

northern part of Egypt

4

Catataract

a section of the Nile River with rapids and rocky terrain

5

Delta

fan-shaped region created when soil is deposited at the end of a river

6

Pharaoh

ruler of Egypt

7

Menes

first king who unified Upper and Lower Egypt

8

pyramid

a stone tomb with triangle-shaped sides that come together to form a point on top

9

mummy

a body preserved in a way to prevent it from decomposing

10

afterlife

life after death

11

old kingdom

500 year period of Egyptian history from 2700 BCE to 2200 BCE

12

theocrasy

a system of government ruled by religious leaders

13

khufu

most famous pharaoh of the old kingdom

14

middle kingdom

a stable period of Egyptian history from 2050 BCE to 1750 BCE

15

new kingdom

most successful period of Egyptian history that took place from 1550 BCE to 1050 BCE

16

queen Hatshepsut

successful female pharaoh who increased trade and ruled for 20 years

17

ramses the great

pharaoh and strong military leader who expanded his kingdom

18

hieroglyphics

Egyptain writing system that used symbols for words or ideas

19

papyrus

a type of paper made out of reeds

20

Rosetta stone

a large stone slab that was used to decode hieroglyphics

21

obelisk

a tall pillar with four sides and a point at the top

22

King tut

a young pharaoh, also known as King Tutankhamen, whose tomb was not disturbed