6203 Week 2 Flashcards


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created 1 year ago by charleejo
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1

intends to describe, explain, or predict how learning occurs

learning theory

2

four theories of the learning theory?

behaviorist, cognitive, psychodynamic, and humanistic

3

learning can be changed by modifying either the ___ or ___

stimulus or the response

4

conducted experiments demonstrating conditioned responses to stimuli

Pavlov

5

focuses on the response and what happens after it, rather than on the stimulus

operant conditioning

6

focuses on perceptions, reasoning, memory, development, and processing

cognitive learning theory

7

stresses sensory perception, attention, and unique organizational schemes

Gestalt theory

8

focuses on change in perception from infancy to old age

cognitive development theory

9

examines how information is encountered, taken in, stored, and remembered

information processing theory

10

focuses on learning through observation of the behavior of others

social cognitive theory

11

series of theories highlighting the importance of social influences on learning and behavior

social constructionism, constructivism, and cognition

12

evolved from Freud's theory of personality development

psychodynamic learning theory

13

states that the goal of education is fostering growth, self-development, and creativity

humanistic learning theory

14

concerned with scientific study of the brain in relation to mental processes and behavior

neuropsychology and learning

15

commonalities suggest a general mode for learning:

experiences -> processing -> outcomes

16

what are effective ways to learn or to change attitudes?

it is essential to consider the situation, assess learners, and use theories in combination

17

how can learners be motivated and what facilitates learning?

it is important to evaluate learning and provide feedback when assessing motivation

18

what are effective ways to teach for retention and transfer?

it is key to plan a teaching approach in order to apply theories in the way that best promotes retention