intends to describe, explain, or predict how learning occurs
four theories of the learning theory?
behaviorist, cognitive, psychodynamic, and humanistic
learning can be changed by modifying either the ___ or ___
stimulus or the response
conducted experiments demonstrating conditioned responses to stimuli
focuses on the response and what happens after it, rather than on the stimulus
focuses on perceptions, reasoning, memory, development, and processing
cognitive learning theory
stresses sensory perception, attention, and unique organizational schemes
focuses on change in perception from infancy to old age
cognitive development theory
examines how information is encountered, taken in, stored, and remembered
information processing theory
focuses on learning through observation of the behavior of others
social cognitive theory
series of theories highlighting the importance of social influences on learning and behavior
social constructionism, constructivism, and cognition
evolved from Freud's theory of personality development
psychodynamic learning theory
states that the goal of education is fostering growth, self-development, and creativity
humanistic learning theory
concerned with scientific study of the brain in relation to mental processes and behavior
neuropsychology and learning
commonalities suggest a general mode for learning:
experiences -> processing -> outcomes
what are effective ways to learn or to change attitudes?
it is essential to consider the situation, assess learners, and use theories in combination
how can learners be motivated and what facilitates learning?
it is important to evaluate learning and provide feedback when assessing motivation
what are effective ways to teach for retention and transfer?
it is key to plan a teaching approach in order to apply theories in the way that best promotes retention