chapter 14 Flashcards


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1

absorption

to take in or soak up

2

anastomosis

a connection made surgically between adjacent blood vessels, parts of the intestine, or other channels of the body, or the operation in which this is constructed.

3

ascites

a condition in which fluid collects in the spaces withing you abdomen, it can affect your kidneys, lungs, and other organs; causes abdominal pain, swelling, nausea, vomitin and other difficulties

4

bile

a secretion of the liver that emulsifies fates, preparing them for further digestion and absorption in the small intestine

5

chole

combining form that mean bile

6

common bile duct (CBD)

the duct that formed from the joining of the cystic and hepatic ducts that transports bile to the gallbladder

7

cystic artery

a branch of the hepatic or right hepatic artery that supplies oxygenated blood to the gallbladder

8

cystic duct

short duct that is connected to the gallbladder and joins the common hepatic duct to form the common bile duct; it facilitates the transportation of bile to and from the gallbladder

9

docho

combining form meaning intestine

10

-ectomy

suffix meaning removal of

11

excision

surgical removal

12

falciform ligament

also called the broad ligament of the liver, it is a fold of peritoneum that is attached to the lower surface of the diaphragm, liver and anterior abdominal wall

13

femoral

refers to the femur bone

14

Glisson's capsule

layer of fibrous connective tissue that surrounds and protects liver, as well as ensheathing the hepatic artery, portal vein and bile ducts within the liver

15

Hasselback's triange

anatomical triangle formed by the inguinal ligament, inferior epigastric vessels and lateral border of the rectus abdominis

16

Hiatal hernia

esophageal hiatus is weak that allows the abdominal esophagus and superior portion of the stomach to protrude into the thoracic cavity

17

Incision

cut made with a sharp instrument

18

Inguinal

term that refers to the groin area

19

Lysis

dissolution, loosening, or destruction of something

20

Necrosis

tissue death

21

-oma

suffix meaning tumor

22

-ostomy

suffix meaning to create a new opening

23

-stomy

suffix meaning to make an incision into

24

Parietal

(1) refers to the outer portion of a cavity or organ; (2) pertaining to the parietal bone of the cranium; (3) pertaining to the parietal lobe of the cerebrum

25

Peritoneum

a thin serous membrane that lines the abdominal cavity

26

Portal venous system

venous system that carries blood to a second capillary bed prior to returning the blood to general circulation

27

Pringle maneuver

during liver surgery involves clamping a larger hemostat across the lesser omentum to temporarily interrupt the flow of blood through the hepatic artery and the portal vein to help control bleeding from the liver

28

Rule of 5s

sentinel node biopsy with isosulfan blue dye, 5ml of dye is injected at 5 sites within a 5cm diameter and the site is massaged for 5 minutes.

29

-stasis

suffix meaning stoppage or reduction of the flow of bodily fluids

30

Stenosis

narrowing or constriction

31

Ulcer

a crater-like lesion that is usually circular in shape and penetrates the skin; may be very deep, resulting from infections or malignant disease processes

32

Viscera

any organ of a body cavity; usually refers to the abdominal organs

33

Mesentery

a fold of membrane that attaches the intestine to the abdominal wall and holds it in place

34

Ulcerative colitis

an inflammatory bowel disease that causes inflammation and ulcers (sores) in your digestive tract.

35

Jaundice

a condition in which the skin, whites of the eyes and mucous membrane turn yellow because of a high level of bilirubin, an yellow-orange bile pigment

36

Strangulated

having the blood supply reduced or cut off as a result of compression of blood vessels

37

Peristalsis

the involuntary constriction and relaxation of the muscles of the intestine or another canal, creating wave-like movements that push the contents of the canal forward

38

Rebound pain

pain or discomfort after pressing on your abdomen.

39

Aponeurosis

a sheet of pearly white fibrous tissue that takes the place of a tendon in flat muscles having a wide area of attachment

40

Bill Roth I

operation type of reconstruction after a partial gastrectomy in which the stomach is anastomosed to the duodenum

41

Lithotripsy

a procedure that uses shock waves to break up stones in the kidney and parts of the ureter

42

Ipsilateral

belonging to or occurring on the same side of the body

43

Dysphagia

swallowing difficulties of foods and liquids

44

Scarpa’s fascia

a dense collagenous connective tissue layer of the anterior abdominal wall.