Law Ch. 1-2 Flashcards


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created 1 year ago by sandrarich
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1

appeal

to ask that a court case be reviewed by a higher court.

2

appellate jurisdiction

the power to review cases that have already been decided by lower courts.

3

Chief Justice of the United States

the leader of the Supreme Court

4

civil case

a court case about a noncriminal matter

5

concurrent jurisdiction

when the federal court system and the state court system share the power to gear a case

6

county

the largest division of local government

7

court of appeal

a court that can review and overturn the decision of a lower court

8

crime

an act that can be punishment by law

9

criminal case

a court case in which the defendant is accused of committing a crime.

10

defendant

the person who is on trial

11

district court

another name for trial court

12

felony

the most serious type of crime

13

jurisdiction

the authority to interpret and apply the law

14

justice

a Supreme Court judge

15

juvenile

a young person

16

misdemeanor

a crime that is less serious than a felony

17

original jurisdiction

the authority to hear the first trial of a case

18

trial court

the court in which the facts of a case are heard

19

verdict

the outcome of a trial