chapter 1 health informatics overview Flashcards


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1

what quote said" DURING THE PAST FEW DECADES THE VOLUME OF MEDICAL KNOWLEDGE HAS INCREASED SO RAPIDLY THAT WE ARE WITNESSING AND UNPRECEDENTED GROWTH IN THE NUMBER OF MEDICAL SPEACIALITIES AND SUBSPEACILTIES."

MARSDEN S BLOIS INFORMATION AND MEDICINE: THE NATURE OF MEDICAL DESCRIPTIONS 1984

PG 1

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BLANK IS THE SCIENCE OF INFORMATION AND THE BLENDING OF PEOPLE, BIOMEDICINE AND TECHNOLOGY

INFORMATICS

PAGE 2

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BLANK ARE SYMBOLS OR OBSERVATIONS REFLECTING DIFFERENCES IN THE WORLD

DATA

PG 2

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BLANK IS MEANINGFUL DATA OR FACTS FROM WHICH CONCLUSIONS CAN BE DRAWN BY HUMANS OR COMPUTERS.

INFORMATION

5

BLANK IS INFORMATION THAT IS JUSTIFIABLY CONSIDERED TO BE TRUE

KNOWLEDGE

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BLANK IS THE CRITICAL USE OF KNOWLEDGE TO MAKE INTELLIGENT DECISIONS AND TO WORK

WISDOM

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WHAT ARE THE LEVELS OF THE INFORMATION HIEARCHY

DIKW

1.WISDOM

2KNOWLEDGE

3. INFORMATION

4. DATA

PG 4

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BLANK PROVIDES THE TOOLS TO GENERATE INFORMATION FROM DATA THAT HUMANS CAN TURN KNOWLWDGE INTO WISDOM.

HEALTH INFORMATION

PG 2

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WHAT LEVEL OF DATA IS CONSIDERED NON ELECTRIC EXAMPLE PAPER

LEVEL 1

PG 3

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WHAT LEVEL OF DATA IS CONSIDERED UNSTRUCTURED VIEWABLE ELECTRONIC DATA

EXAMPLE SCANS OF PAPER FORMS

LEVEL 2

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WHAT LEVEL OF DATA IS CONSIDERED STRUCTURED VIEWABLE ELECTRONIC DATA

EXAMPLE ELECTRONICALLY ENETERED DATA THAT CANNOT BE COMPUTED BY OTHER SYSTEMS

LEVEL 3

12

WHAT LEVEL OF DATA IS CONSIDERED COMPUTABLE ELECTRONIC DATA

ELECTRONICALLY ENTERED DATA THAT CAN BE COMPUTED BY OTHER SYSTEMS

LEVEL 4

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HOW MANY LEVELS OF DATA ARE THERE 4

...

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BLANK IS THE FIELD OF INFORMATION SCIENCE CONCERNED WITH MANAGEMENT OF HEALTHCARE DATA AND INFORMATIONTHROUGH THE APPLICATION OF COMPUTERS AND OTHER TECHNOLOGIES.

HEALTH INFORMATICS

PG 4

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BLANK IS DEFINED AS DATA WITH MEANING

SCIENCE OF INFORMATION

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ONE OF THE LEADING ORGANIZATIONS IN THE UNITED STATES TO PROMOTE HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

THE INSTITUTE OF MEDICINE

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HOW MANY DEAYHS OCCUR TO MEDICAL ERRORS

98000

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ARRA STANDS FOR WHAT

AMERICAN RECOVERY AND REINVESTMENT ACT

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WHAT ARE FIVE GOALS OF THE ARRA

1. IMORVE MEDICAL QUALITY AND AND PATIENT SAFETY

2. ENGAGE PATIENTS AND FAMILIES

3. IMPROVE CARE CORDINATION

4. ENSURE ADEQUATE PRIVACY ADN SECURITY OF PERSONAL HEALTH INFORMATION

5.IMPROVE POPLULATION AND PUBLIC HEALTH

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chapter 2

chapter 2

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Blank is meaningful data that or facts from which conclusions can be drawn

Information

page 42

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Blank is information that is justifiably believed to be true

knowledge

pg 42

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Blank are differences that may or may not be meaningful

Data

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Each zero or one is known as a bit

Bit

pg 42

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A series of of eight bits is a called blank?

byte

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What do file formats do?

Specify the way that data are organized within the file>

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TO an blank____________ computers are tools for manipulating information

InformatiCIAN

PG 43

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NOTE THAT INFORMATION RETRIEVAL IS CONCERNED WITH RETIEVAL OF INFORMATION NOT DATA

NOTE THAT INFORMATION RETRIEVAL IS CONCERNED WITH RETIEVAL OF INFORMATION NOT DATA

PAGE 43

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BLANK OF INFORMATION OFTEN REQUIRES CONSISTENCY

INTEROPERABILITY

PG 46

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TRANSFORMATIONOF INFORMATION INTO KNOWLEDGE IS THE CORE GOAL OF SCIENCE

TRANSFORMATIONOF INFORMATION INTO KNOWLEDGE IS THE CORE GOAL OF SCIENCE

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BLANK REFERS TO THE PROBLEM OF IDENTIFYING CONCEPTS WITHIN UNSTRUCTURED DATA SUCH AS DISCHARGE SUMMARIIES OR PATHOLOGY REPORTS

CONCEPT EXTRACTION

50

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CHAPTER 3

CHAPTER 3

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THE ANALYSIS OF DATA IS USUALLY CALLED ANALYTICS BLANK

ANALYTICS

63

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BLANK IS DEFINED AS THE PROCESSING AND MODELING OF LARGE AMOUNTS OF DATA TO DISCOVER PERVIOUSLY UNKNOW PATTERNS

DATA MINING

63

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WHAT ARE FOUR ATTRIBUTES OF BIG DATA?

VOLUME

VELOCITY

VARIETY

VERACITY

PAGE 63

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BLANK MEANS FROM TRUSTABLE SOURCES

VERACITY

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THE ANALYTICS PIPELINE ADAPTED FROM KUMAR

PG 63

THE ANALYTICS PIPELINE ADAPTED FROM KUMAR

38

CLINICAL RECORD DATA

GENOMIC DATA

FINANCIAL DATA

ADMINISTRATIVE DATA

DATA SOURCES

39

EXTRACT ORGANIZE NORMALIZE MATCH

EXTRACTION

40

MACHINE LEARNING

STATISTICAL INTERFERENCE

STATISTICAL PROCESSING

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DESCRIPTIVE

PREDICTIVE

PRESCRIPTIVE

PREDICTION OUTPUT

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ELECTRONIC HEALTH RECORDS

ELECTRONIC HEALTH RECORDS

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CHAPTER 4 ELECTRONIC HEALTH RECORDS

CHAPTER 4 ELECTRONIC HEALTH RECORDS

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EHR ARE MUCH BETTER ORGNANIZED THAN PAPER CHARTS ALLOWING FOR FASTERRETRIEVAL OF XRAYS

EHR ARE MUCH BETTER ORGNANIZED THAN PAPER CHARTS ALLOWING FOR FASTERRETRIEVAL OF XRAYS PAGE 78

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PAPER CHARTS ARE MISSING AS MUCH AS 25% OF THE TIME

PAPER CHARTS ARE MISSING AS MUCH AS 25% OF THE TIME

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CHARTS ARE MISSING 13.6% PERCENT ENCOUNTERS

CHARTS ARE MISSING 13.6% PERCENT ENCOUNTERS

47

13.6 % PATIENT

...

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BLANK IS AN EHR FEATURE THAT PROCESS ORDERS FOR MEDICATIONS LAB TEST IMAGING AND OTHER DIAGNOSTIC TOOLS

COMPUTERIZED PHYSICIAN ORDER ENTRY CPOE

PAGE 84

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CPOE STANDS FOR

COMPUTERIZED PHYSICIAN ORDER ENTRY CPOE

PAGE 84

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COMPUTERIZED PHYSICIAN ORDER ENTRY-CAN REDUCE MEDICATIONS ERROS BY HOW MUCH PERCENT

555 PAGE 84

51

CDSS STANDS FOR WHAT ?

CLINICAL DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEMS

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BLANK IS ANY SOFTWARE DESIGNED TO DIRECTLY AID IN CLINICAL DECIOION MAKING IN WHICH CHARACTERISITICS OF A INDIVIDIVIDUAL PATIENTS ARE MATCHED TO A COMPUTERIZED KNOWLEDGE BASE

CLINICAL DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEMS

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chapter 5 Health Information exchange

chapter 5 Health Information exchange