Lesson Notes Flashcards

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Why is it important to select the audio interface you want to use prior to creating or opening a session? What dialog box can you use for this purpose?

Choosing the desired audio interface in advance will help ensure the I/O settings match when you create or open a Pro Tools document. (Aggregate I/O)


What is the H/W Buffer Size setting in the Playback Engine dialog box used for? What kinds of tracks are affected by this setting?

The Hardware Buffer Size determines the number of samples passed from the audio interface to the computer's CPU at once for host-based processing tasks, such as Native plug-in in processing. This setting only effects tracks using low-latency processing domain.


What dialog box can you use to configure the available options for your connected audio interface?

Hardware Setup dialog box.


How can you specify the I/O settings that Pro Tools will use when creating a new session from the Dashboard?

Select the Stereo Mix in the I/O Settings pop-up menu to ensure that your document will be create with the correct input and output paths for your active audio interface.


Where are changes to Pro Tools I/O settings saved? Are they stored in the session or on the system?

Are saved on your system at your Last Used I/O settings. This enables a open you to use the same I/O configuration for the next session.


What dialog box can you use to rename signal paths?

I/O Setup dialog box.


How can you configure an audition path in Pro Tools?

Choose Setup > I/O.

Click on the Output tab.

Click the Audition Path selector near the bottom of the dialog box and select an alternate Output path.


What are some ways to open a recently used project or session on a system?

File > Open Recent


What shortcut operation can you use to add an individual Audio track to your session?

Double-Click shortcut operations


What options are available for changing the display of the Mix and Edit windows? What are some of the optional views available in each window?

To show and Hide optional components to suit your needs and working preferences. (Mix Window Views, Edit Window Views, and Rulers).


How can you easily show or hide tracks in Pro Tools? What is the difference between hiding a track and deleting a track?

Track Show/Hide. Hiding a track just makes the track disappear from the Mix and Edit Window. Deleting the track gets rid of it entirely.


What are some options available in the Track List pop-up menu?

Showing and hiding only tracks of a certain type, showing or hiding all selected tracks, and showing or hiding all tracks.


What are some of the features enabled by Pro Tools | Ultimate software?

Higher track counts and hardware options that expand your available provides numerous additional software features and enhancements, beyond standard Pro Tools.

Full surround mixing capabilities, up to 7.1.2 Dolby Atmos formats

Advanced automation features, including Snapshot automation and Glide automation commands

Video editing features


What is required to import and arrange multiple video clips on a Video track?

Standard Pro Tools software allows you to import a single video clip into your session, which automatically creates a Video Track. Although you can make selections on the Video track with the selector tool and move (reposition) the video clip with the Grabber tool, all other editing functions are disabled .


Name some areas of focus available for Workspace browsers in Pro Tools.

Sound Libraries



Track Presets




What are some of the functions that you can perform using a Workspace browser?

Access, view, and search the contents of your drives.

Designate the function of each drive ( record and playback, playback only, or transfer only).

View, manage, audition, and import files from a drive

Locate and open a session from a drive


How can you audition files from a browser? How can you audition them in context with your session?

Within Workspace browsers. Files can also be previewed in context, allowing you to audition files while Pro Tools is playing back a session.


What is Sound base? What are tags in Sound base?

Sound base is a Workspace browser window that allows you to find audio files using tags. Tags are descriptive labels that are saved at metadata ( file properties ) within a WAV or AIFF audio file.


What are some available destinations when importing audio from a Workspace browser or Sound base?

Volumes section


What are some of the different types of media you can import into Pro Tools (in addition to audio files)?

MIDI files, clip groups, and session data


What command allows you to import entire tracks from another Pro Tools session into your current session?

Import > Session Data


What types of clips can be grouped together as a clip group? Can clips of different types be combined into a single clip group?

Audio, MIDI, or video clips. Yes


How many clips are required for a clip group? Can clip groups contain silence?

A single clip, yes.


What kind of icon is used to indicate a clip group? Where is the icon located?

Left to Right Icon. Lower left corner of the clip in the edit window.


What do the Ungroup and Ungroup All commands do? How would you go about reassembling a clip group after using one of these command?

The clip group will disappear, revealing all underlying clips and any nested clip groups. The clip group will disappear, revealing all underlying clips.

Clip > Regroup or press Option+Command+R (Mac) or Ctrl+Alt+R (windows)


What menu would you use to display Conductor rulers, such as Meter and Tempo? How can you display rulers without using a main menu?

View > Rulers

Rulers View Selector


What are the default tempo and meter for all Pro Tools sessions?

Meter defaults is 4/4 and tempo defaults is 120 beats per minute


What main menu provides access to the Tempo Operations window? What is the purpose of the Linear page in the Tempo Operations window?

Event > Tempo Operations > Tempo Operations Window.

The Tempo Operations window lets you define tempo events over a range of time (or measures).


How can you configure Pro Tools to use a virtual instrument as the sound source for the metronome click? How can you control what notes are played for the accented and unaccented beats?

The Click/Countoff Options dialogue box in Pro Tools lets you configure click playback from any virtual instrument in your session.

Accented Fields and Unaccented fields


Describe at least three different ways to make a selection for recording.

Using Clips to Create Timeline Selections

Making a Selection During Playback

Using Timeline Selection in and Out Points to Adjust a Selection


Describe three ways to set the pre- and post-roll values. What modifier do you use to set pre- and post-roll by clicking in a track playlist?

View > Transport > Expanded

In the Transport window, click in the pre-roll field to select it.

Forward Slash [/]


What keyboard shortcut can you use to toggle Pre/Post Roll on and off?

Options > Pre/Post-Roll


When might you use the Pro Tools Preferences setting called Send Fully Overlapped Clips to Available Playlist While Recording? How can you ensure that the original audio gets moved to a playlist when rerecording just a section of the original using this setting?

To retain each recorded take on a separate instance of the track (known as an alternate playlist), which can help with choosing the best take later on.


What are some differences in the way audio and MIDI clips are created when loop recording? How would you go about enabling loop recording for audio or MIDI?

When loop recording audio, Pro Tools creates a single audio file that comprises all takes.

When loop recording MIDI, new clips are created each time a new record pass begins

You can enable automatic playlist creation for each loop record take


What Preferences setting do you need to use to enable automatic playlist creation when Loop Recording? Pg 82



How can you cycle through alternate takes from playlists? How can you audition takes from playlists while cycling through them?

To cycle through various takes you have recorded, simply select the current take on the track's main playlist and use modifiers and arrow keys to swap in media from the previous next playlist


What is the purpose of MIDI Merge mode? How can you perform a MIDI Merge recording while looping?

Allows you to add MIDI data to an existing MIDI clip.

Loop Playback


What timebase do Audio Tracks default to? MIDI Tracks? Instrument Tracks?

Sample based and tick-based

MIDI and Instrument tracks are tick-based by default


Which Pro Tools timescales are absolute? Which are relative? What is the difference between absolute and relative timescales?









How do audio clips respond to tempo changes on a sample-based track? How do they respond if you change the track to tick-based (without using Elastic Audio)?

The Audio will remain fixed at its absolute location in time even when the session tempo is modified-though relative bar and beat locations will change

The start of the audio clips will become fixed to the Bars|Beats ruler, and the clips will move relative to the sample timeline when tempo and meter changes occur


Pro Tools provides 960 ticks per quarter note; how many ticks does it provide per half note? How many per eighth note?

1/8 note

1.5 times as many tick


Why might you want to render a MIDI performance to audio? What are some available options for rendering a virtual instrument’s output to an audio file?

This can be done to enable audio editing and processing options that are not available fort MIDI or to conserve on processing resources

Drag and drop

Activate the track Freeze button on the track


What are some of the different options available for viewing data on MIDI and Instrument tracks in the Edit window? What kinds of operations can you perform in each view?

Clips view, Notes View, and Velocity Views

Shows MIDI data

Shows individual MIDI notes

Show the attack velocity


Where are the MIDI input and output controls located for MIDI tracks in the Mix window? Where are they located for Instrument tracks?

MIDI Input Selector

MIDI Output Selector

Record Enable

Solo and Mute Buttons

Pan Controls

Volume controls



What does the MIDI Thru option do? How is it enabled?

Allows Incoming MIDI data to pass through a track to its MIDI output.

Enabled in the Options menu


What is the Default Thru Instrument setting used for? How can you change the Default Thru Instrument setting?

Can be previewed or auditioned through any virtual instrument plug-in in your session

Click the OK button after changing the preferences.


What keyboard modifier would you use when clicking on a MIDI clip in the Clip List to audition it? What is required for this process to play sound?

You can also use the selected MIDI or Instrument track to audition MIDI clips in the Clip List through the associated virtual instrument

With the Default Thru Instrument set to Follows First Selected Track, select the track you wish to use for the sound source.


How is editing MIDI data different from editing audio? How are MIDI notes affected when deleting a selection or trimming a clip compared to how audio waveforms are affected?

Certain editing operations affect MIDI data differently than audio waveforms.

When cutting or clearing a selection that includes a note's start point, the entire note is removed, regardless of whether the end of the note is selected.


What setting normally determines the Default Note Duration when adding notes with the Pencil tool? How can this setting be changed?

Default note Duration selector

Selecting it.


How can you select a range of MIDI notes using the on-screen keyboard?

Click on a note with the grabber or pencil tool; Shift-Click on additional notes to add them to the selection one at a time


What process can be used to transpose MIDI notes? What modifier can you use to transpose a selection up or down by an octave at a time?

Up Arrow or Down Arrow

Hold Shift while pressing the Up/Down Arrow keys


How can you edit MIDI note velocities from the computer keyboard?

Set the MIDI or Instrument track to Velocity view, or display the track's Velocity controller lane


Describe some different ways of deleting notes on a MIDI or Instrument track. What track views allow you to delete notes?

Hold Option or Alt


How would you go about enabling Elastic Audio on a track?

Is to enable an Elastic Audio processor on the target track


Which real-time Elastic Audio plug-in typically works best for drums? Which typically works best for vocals?




Which Elastic Audio plug-in provides only Rendered processing? When/why would you want to use Rendered processing?

The X-Form Processor

It provides much higher quality TCE algorithms than the basic Elastic Audio processor


What can the Elastic Audio analysis’ tempo detection determine about an audio file? What are some conditions that will cause no tempo to be detected?

If tempo detection is successful, Pro Tools will also calculate the files duration in bars and beats.

Files with only a single transient (such as a one-shot snare hit) will have no tempo detected.


Where are Warp Indicators displayed? What are they used for?

In the upper right hand corner

The will be presented only when Elastic Audio processing has been applied to a clip


What views are available for working with Elastic Audio-enabled tracks? What is each view used for?

Analysis view- lets you edit detected Event markers on a track

Warp view- lets you manipulate clips and adjust the timing of audio events


Name the three types of Elastic Audio markers. What are the differences between them?

Even marker-indicate detected audio events

Tempo event marker- are gray lines with diamond at the top

Warp marker- anchor the audio to the Timeline and are displayed in Warp view only


What are some ways to add Warp markers to a clip? List at least three.

Use the grabber tool


double click on an event marker


What is a Telescoping Warp? How does it differ from an Accordion Warp? From a Range Warp?

Are used to speed up or slow down an entire clip

adjust the timing of the clip


What is the effect of quantizing a selection on an Elastic Audio-enabled track? What happens to the Event markers within the selection?

the audio is warped such that any transients associated with those Event markers are aligned to the grid, creating a more rhythmically accurate performance


Why is it important to have accurate Event markers in your clips when applying Quantize operations on Elastic Audio-enabled tracks?

Because the results can be less the perfect


After enabling a track for Elastic Audio, how would you enable the track to update dynamically to match any subsequent tempo changes you make in the session?



What are some ways to improve the quality of audio that has been warped with Elastic Audio processing?

Switch to X-Form processing after completing all of your Elastic Audio manipulation


What is meant by Event Confidence? How can Event Confidence be used to eliminate false transients when applying TCE processing on Elastic Audio-enabled tracks?

assigned a confidence level based on the relative clarity of the associated transient.


What are two ways to apply Elastic Audio pitch transposition? What are some applications for using each option?

Elastic properties Window

Transposition Window

Good for using in tracks


What are the functions available with the Smart Tools? How can you access the Selector with Smart Tool active? How can you access the Grabber?

Trim, selector, and grabber tools.

When the cursor is positioned in the upper half of the clip, and not near a clip boundary.

When the cursor is positioned in the lower half of the clip and not near a clip boundary.


How can you create fades with the Smart Tool? How can you specify the fade curves that the Smart Tool applies?

When the Smart Tool is active and the cursor is in the top quarter of a clip, the tool will change to Fade mode near a clip boundary (within 12 pixels).

Fade dialog box


What menu command would you choose to open a Fades dialog box? What is the associated keyboard shortcut?

Edit > Fades > Create or Command+F (Mac)


What are some options for previewing crossfades in the Fades dialog box?

Buttons arranged across the top provide options

The Waveform display buttons are available only when the fade selection includes multiple tracks and channels

The buttons arranged vertically down the left side of the Fades dialog box


What are some options for saving and recalling fade shapes or configurations in the Fades dialog boxes?

Click on the librarian menu (displaying < factoring default>) and select Save Settings As. A save dialog box will display.


What operations can you use to edit existing fades on a track playlist?

Right-click on a fade graphic with any Edit tool

Select Fades from a pop-up menu to access the fade opinions submenu

Select the desired fade shape (standard or s-curve) or slope (equal power or equal gain) from the submenu


What is the purpose of the Quantize function in Pro Tools? What are some different ways to apply quantization?

allows you quantize incoming MIDI notes while recording

Event > Event Operations > Input Quantize

Enable Input Quantize


What is the purpose of quantizing audio clips? How is this different from quantizing Elastic Audio?

This lets you quickly quantize audio clips without applying TCE processing, and is especially useful when working with "one shot" (single-event) clips, such as drum samples or sound affects


What feature lets you apply changes to a MIDI performance without permanently altering the underlying MIDI data on a track?

Real Time Properties


What types of tracks and clips are affected by Real-Time Properties?

Instrument tracks


What are some of the differences between the Real-Time Properties view in the Edit window and the Real-Time Properties floating window? Which allows you to apply clip-based Real-Time Properties?

One applies to whole tracks while the other one doesn't but they both five types of MIDI Real Time Properties


Describe the process of creating a clip loop. What are some of the options available in the Clip Looping dialog box?



What are the two ways that the Trim tool can be used to edit a clip loop?



How would you go about creating a loop from several separate clips on a track that you want to have repeat as a unit?



What happens to clip loops when you choose the Clip > Ungroup All command?



What is the difference between Absolute and Relative Grid Modes? When would you use each?



What is the purpose of Layered Editing mode? How can Layered Editing be enabled or disabled?



Do AudioSuite plug-ins provide real-time processing or non-real-time processing? When might you use AudioSuite processing instead of a plug-in insert?



What does the Use In Playlist button do in the AudioSuite plug-in window? How can you tell when this option is active?



Explain the difference between applying AudioSuite processing as “Clip by Clip” versus “Entire Selection.



Why is it important to consider the Handle Length setting when processing with an AudioSuite plug-in? What types of processing might be affected by AudioSuite handles?