SS Ch. 8 Notecards Flashcards


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1

The trail into Kentucky that Daniel Boone helped build which was not easy to travel because it was too narrow for carts or wagons and became the main path into Kentucky.

Wilderness Road

2

Representatives to represent the people so it's not just the government that rules.

Republic

3

The plan of the continental congress agreed on. In it, the national government had few powers, because many Americans were afraid that a strong government would lead to tyranny, or oppressive rule.

Articles of Confederation

4

The laws that Congress passed on how to divide and govern western lands (surveyors) to stake out townships in the Western lands.

Land Ordinance of 1785

5

The laws that Congress passed on how to divide and govern western lands which described how the Northwest Territory was to be governed. Creates a procedure to vague & for creating states.

Northwest Ordinance

6

It started when Shays and his men marched on a federal arsenal, a place to store weapons. Unfair taxes started it.

Shay's Rebellion

7

A meeting or a very impressive group, with 55 delegates were a part of. About half were lawyers. Others were planters, merchants, and doctors. Three-fourths of them had been representatives in the Continental Congress.

Constitutional Convention

8

He made history of convention as it happened. He was the primary author of the constitution

James Madison

9

A plan for the new government that Randolph offered. It called for 3 houses: executive which enforced laws, legislature which made laws, and judicial which interpreted laws. Legislative branch had 2 houses (bicameral legislature). Based on population or wealth

Virginia Plan

10

made by William Patterson which had a legislature with 1 house, each state would have one vote which provided equality, Congress would have 1 house (unicameral).

New Jersey Plan

11

In it, each state would have 1 vote in the senate to satisfy small states and the committee set representation in the House of Representatives according to state populations to satisfy the large states. Used both plans Virginia Plan: house of representatives. Based on population New Jersey Plan: everyone got two votes in Senate.

Great Compromise/ Connecticut Plan

12

three-fifths of the slave population would be counted when setting direct taxes on the states. or representatives in the House of Representatives.

3/5 Compromise

13

a system of government where power is shared between the center/ federal government and the states.

Federalism

14

people who supported the Constitution and eventually won who believe in a strong central gov whose power is supreme over the states

Federalists

15

People who opposed the Constitution who believed in a weaker government. Thought the constitution would make the government too powerful.

Antifederalists

16

Essays to answer the Antifederalists’ attacks that 3 Federalists wrote (James Madison (#3), Alexander Hamilton (#1), and John Jay (#2). Wanted to get people to ratify the constitution

The Federalists Paper

17

most influential Virginian aside from Washington who opposed the Constitution and wrote lots of papers about it.

George Mason

18

Constitutional Convention 5 W's

Who: delegates from all 13 states

What: A meeting or a very impressive group, with 55 delegates were a part of

When: 1787

Where: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Why: to establish new government

19

The weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation:

- They didn’t have a strong military to protect them

- they were in lots of debt so not many soldiers were paid

- couldn’t regulate trade between the states

- didn’t have a nationwide judicial system

20

How the 3/5 Compromise worked:

three-fifths of the slave population would be counted when setting direct taxes on the states. This three-fifths ratio also would be used to determine representation in the legislature. Population counts for the number of votes people get in the congress

21

The difference between Federalists and Antifederalists:

Federalists are people who supported the Constitution and antifederalists are People who opposed the Constitution

22

States today that were in the northwest territory:

Michigan,Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, and Wisconsin and part of Minnesota