When do stems go up?
Stems go up when the note is below or on the middle line.
When do stems go down?
Stems go down when the note is above or on the middle line.
What is the purpose of a dot beside a note?
A dot lengthens the note by half of it's original value.
In what order do the key signature, clef, and time signature appear in on a piece of music?
Clef, Key signature, Time signature.
How many beats in a bar in 2/4 time?
2 quarter notes.
What is the difference between a chromatic and diatonic half step?
A chromatic half step is written using the same letter names, for example: G and G#.
A diatonic half step is written with different letter names, for example: G and Ab.
What is the smallest distance possible between two notes?
A half step.
What is the interval between F and Bb?
Three eighth notes combined create a __________
Dotted quarter note
What is the accent pattern for common time? (ie; STRONG, weak, weak)
STRONG, weak, MEDIUM, weak
What is the relative minor of F major?
What is the scale degree name for scale degree ^5?
What is the difference between a leading tone and a subtonic?
The leading tone is a half step below the tonic.
The subtonic is a whole step below the tonic.
How do you find the relative major of a minor key?
Count three notes up, including the bottom note.
Or, count a whole step and a half step.
(Example, relative major of A minor is C major)
What is the difference between harmonic and natural minor?
In a harmonic minor scale, the 7th scale degree is raised (with an accidental), and therefore a half step below the tonic, making it a leading tone.
In a natural minor scale, the notes are played as specified by the key signature, causing the 7th scale degree to be a whole step below the tonic, making it a subtonic.
How old was Mozart when he composed his first opera?
11 years old.
What was Mozart’s sister’s name?
Maria Anna, aka Nannerl.
Define a concerto.
A work for a solo instrument (violin, horn, piano, etc.) with orchestra, often made up of multiple movements.
What is the purpose of a fermata?
To create a pause over the note or rest.
What is a rondo?
A rondo is a piece/movement with a main theme that returns several times, with other musical ideas in between.
What is the difference between a harmonic and melodic interval?
In a harmonic interval, the notes play at the same time. In a melodic interval, they play one after the other.
Which scale degree makes a phrase sound “finished”?
scale degree ^1. Scale degree ^3 can also make a phrase sound "final".
A tonic triad is made up of the first, third, and _____ notes of a major or minor scale.
first, third, and fifth.
What is the key signature of G major?
One sharp (F#)
What is the difference between a solid/blocked and a broken triad?
A solid/blocked triad will have all the notes played at once, whereas in a broken triad, the notes are played one after the other.
Name the notes of the C major triad.
C, E, G.