# Theory 2 Review Flashcards

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created 1 year ago by TripleN7
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music theory
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1

When do stems go up?

Stems go up when the note is below or on the middle line.

2

When do stems go down?

Stems go down when the note is above or on the middle line.

3

What is the purpose of a dot beside a note?

A dot lengthens the note by half of it's original value.

4

In what order do the key signature, clef, and time signature appear in on a piece of music?

Clef, Key signature, Time signature.

5

How many beats in a bar in 2/4 time?

2 quarter notes.

6

What is the difference between a chromatic and diatonic half step?

A chromatic half step is written using the same letter names, for example: G and G#.

A diatonic half step is written with different letter names, for example: G and Ab.

7

What is the smallest distance possible between two notes?

A half step.

8

What is the interval between F and Bb?

4th

9

Three eighth notes combined create a __________

Dotted quarter note

10

What is the accent pattern for common time? (ie; STRONG, weak, weak)

STRONG, weak, MEDIUM, weak

11

What is the relative minor of F major?

D minor

12

What is the scale degree name for scale degree ^5?

Dominant

13

What is the difference between a leading tone and a subtonic?

The leading tone is a half step below the tonic.

The subtonic is a whole step below the tonic.

14

How do you find the relative major of a minor key?

Count three notes up, including the bottom note.

Or, count a whole step and a half step.

(Example, relative major of A minor is C major)

15

What is the difference between harmonic and natural minor?

In a harmonic minor scale, the 7th scale degree is raised (with an accidental), and therefore a half step below the tonic, making it a leading tone.

In a natural minor scale, the notes are played as specified by the key signature, causing the 7th scale degree to be a whole step below the tonic, making it a subtonic.

16

How old was Mozart when he composed his first opera?

11 years old.

17

What was Mozart’s sister’s name?

Maria Anna, aka Nannerl.

18

Define a concerto.

A work for a solo instrument (violin, horn, piano, etc.) with orchestra, often made up of multiple movements.

19

What is the purpose of a fermata?

To create a pause over the note or rest.

20

What is a rondo?

A rondo is a piece/movement with a main theme that returns several times, with other musical ideas in between.

21

What is the difference between a harmonic and melodic interval?

In a harmonic interval, the notes play at the same time. In a melodic interval, they play one after the other.

22

Which scale degree makes a phrase sound “finished”?

scale degree ^1. Scale degree ^3 can also make a phrase sound "final".

23

A tonic triad is made up of the first, third, and _____ notes of a major or minor scale.

first, third, and fifth.

24

What is the key signature of G major?

One sharp (F#)

25

What is the difference between a solid/blocked and a broken triad?

A solid/blocked triad will have all the notes played at once, whereas in a broken triad, the notes are played one after the other.

26

Name the notes of the C major triad.

C, E, G.