Pt 110 computer applications Flashcards

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created 1 year ago by Isabella_Feenstra
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Lesson 1



How can you sign in to your Avid Master Account when starting work in Pro Tools?

What is required to sign in to your account?

click sign in on the dashboard in the top right corner and sign in.

your email and password is required


Why is it important to select the audio interface you want to use prior to creating or opening a session?

What dialog box can you use for this purpose?

it will help ensure that the I/O settings match when you open a Pro Tools document.

playback engine dialog box


What is the H/W Buffer Size setting in the Playback Engine dialog box used for?

What kinds of tracks are affected by this setting?

it determines the numbers of samples passed from the audio interface to the computer

record-enabled and tracks receiving lie input


What dialog box can you use to configure the available options for your connected audio interface?

playback engine dialog box


How can you specify the I/O settings that Pro Tools will use when creating a new session from the Dashboard?

you can use stereo mix or you can customize the settings.


Where are changes to Pro Tools I/O settings saved?

Are they stored in the session or on the system?

they are saved in the system on the last used I/O settings

they are saved in the system


What dialog box can you use to rename signal paths?

the I/O setup dialog box


How can you configure an audition path in Pro Tools?

choose setup>I/O

click the audition path selector near the bottom and change it

then click ok


What are some ways to open a recently used project or session on a system?

file>open recent

File>create new

File>open project


What shortcut operation can you use to add an individual Audio track to your session?


CTRL+double-click (windows)


What options are available for changing the display of the Mix and Edit windows?

What are some of the optional views available in each window?

the view menu

you can also press escape to close the window

the edit window view selector, the ruler view selector, and the mix window view selector


How can you easily show or hide tracks in Pro Tools?

What is the difference between hiding a track and deleting a track?

you go to the tracks list and press the icon of the track and it shows and hides it.

hiding the track allows you to remove from view without deleting it.


What are some options available in the Track List pop-up menu?

you can show audio tracks, midi tracks, aux tracks, master tracks, instrument tracks, and inactive tracks you an also hide all these tracks.


Lesson 2



What are some of the features enabled by Pro Tools | Ultimate software?

full surround mixing capabilities up to 7.1.2 Dolby Atmos formats

Advanced automation features

video editing features


What is required to import and arrange multiple video clips on a Video track?

timecode ruler must match the frame rate of your video clips.


Name some areas of focus available for Workspace browsers in Pro Tools

audition audio files

using elastic audio features

Search across one or more mounted drives

drag and drop files into an open session


What are some of the functions that you can perform using a Workspace browser?

access view and search the contents of your drive

designate the function of each drive

view,manage,audition,and import files from a drive

locate and open a session from a drive


How can you audition files from a browser?

How can you audition them in context with your session?

select an audio file in the workspace pane and press the space bar

select an audio file in the workspace browser and click on the preview button in the browser.

enable the audio files to conform to the session tempo button in the browser toolbar and play the audio.


What is Soundbase?

What are tags in Soundbase?

soundbase is a workspace browser window that allows you to find audio files using tags.

Tags are for searching within your sound libraries or for searching in other locations


what are some available destinations when importing audio from a Workspace browser or Soundbase?

Clip List



What are some of the different types of media you can import into Pro Tools (in addition to audio files)?




Clip Groups

Session Data


What command allows you to import entire tracks from another Pro Tools session into your current session?

File>Import>Session Data

or press Option+Shift+I


What types of clips can be grouped together as a clip group?

Can clips of different types be combined into a single clip group?

audio, midi, or video clips

you can do that it contains all clips within the session


How many clips are required for a clip group?

Can clip groups contain silence?

you can put multiple clips in a clip group

clips groups can contain silence they can start anywhere


What kind of icon is used to indicate a clip group?

Where is the icon located?

a media-type symbol

its located in the lower-left corner of the clip


What do the Ungroup and Ungroup All commands do?

How would you go about reassembling a clip group after using one of these commands?

the ungroup command makes it return one clip back to normal. and the ungroup all command ungroups the whole clip.

you regroup the clips and a dialog box will appear you can choose to modify or copy.


Lesson 3



What menu would you use to display Conductor rulers, such as Meter and Tempo?

How can you display rulers without using a main menu?

the View menu

you can click the ruler view selector


What are the default tempo and meter for all Pro Tools sessions?

the meter defaults to 4/4 and the tempo defaults to 120 beats per minute


What modifier key would you hold while clicking on a ruler to add a Meter or Tempo change to your session?

control (mac)

Start (windows)


What main menu provides access to the Tempo Operations window?

What is the purpose of the Linear page in the Tempo Operations window?

the event window

you can create tempos that chan change evenly over a selected range of time


How can you configure Pro Tools to use a virtual instrument as the sound source for the metronome click?

How can you control what notes are played for the accented and unaccented beats?

double click the Metronome

a dialog box will open and you can click accented fields, unaccented fields, and output pop-up menu.

using the radio button you can select where the clicks would go.


Describe at least three different ways to make a selection for recording.

selecting the grabber tool

Click on a clip

or shift-click


Describe three ways to set the pre- and post-roll values.

What modifier do you use to set pre- and post-roll by clicking in a track playlist?


in the transport window click on the pre-roll field to select it

type in the pre-roll amount and forward slash

you click on the metronome


What keyboard shortcut can you use to toggle Pre/Post Roll on and off?

Command+K (mac)

CTRL+K (windows)


What are alternate playlists in Pro Tools?

How can playlists be useful when recording multiple takes?

Audio, Midi, and Instrument

so you can create multiple versions of the track.


When might you use the Pro Tools Preferences setting called Send Fully Overlapped Clips to Available Playlist While Recording?

How can you ensure that the original audio gets moved to a playlist when rerecording just a section of the original using this setting?

when you want to move your clips to a new playlist when they are recorded over

when the clip is highlighted blue and a down arrow


What are some differences in the way audio and MIDI clips are created when loop recording?

How would you go about enabling loop recording for audio or MIDI?

Audio: when it loops it creates a single audio file that comprises all takes.

Midi: when looping midi new clips are created each time a new record pass begins.


Click on the Operation tab

under the record section to enable automatically create of new playlists when loop recording.


What Preferences setting do you need to use to enable automatic playlist creation when Loop Recording?


Operation tab

under the record button push automatically create new playlists when loop recording


How can you cycle through alternate takes from playlists?

How can you audition takes from playlists while cycling through them?

previous playlist:Command+Shift+Up Arrow(mac),CTRL+Shift+Up Arrow (windows)

next playlist:Command+Shift+Down Arrow(mac),CTRL+Shift+Down Arrow (windows)

click options>loop playback

select the current record take on the tracks main playlist

start playback to audition the track material

while playing back press Command+Shift+Up/Down Arrow (mac),CTRL+Shift+Up/Down Arrow


What is the purpose of MIDI Merge mode?

How can you perform a MIDI Merge recording while looping?

the purpose of it is for you to add midi data to an existing midi clip

in the options, menu deselect loop record mode

enable loop playback Options>Loop playback or Command+Shift+L (mac)

record the track

Click on midi merge

select the range of recording

Click record and play

and stop when finished


Lesson 4



What timebase do Audio Tracks default to?

MIDI Tracks?

Instrument Tracks?

Sample-based by default

both midi and instrument tracks are tick-based


Which Pro Tool's timescales are absolute?

Which are relative?

What is the difference between absolute and relative timescales?

samples, Mins:Secs, Timecode, Feet+Frames


relative dynamically changes with the tempo,while the sample is unchanging and it must have a specific duration.


How do audio clips respond to tempo changes on a sample-based track?

How do they respond if you change the track to tick-based (without using Elastic Audio)?

it will remain fixed at its absolute location in time even when the session tempo is modified though the relative bar and beat location will change.

MIDI clips change length as the tempo changes, while audio clips do not.


Pro Tools provides 960 ticks per quarter note; how many ticks does it provide per half note?

How many per eighth note?

1,920 ticks per half note

480 ticks per eighth note


Why might you want to render a MIDI performance to audio?

What are some available options for rendering a virtual instrument’s output to an audio file?

it can be useful at times to render them

drag and drop

activate the track freeze button on the track.


What are some of the different options available for viewing data on MIDI and Instrument tracks in the Edit window?

What kinds of operations can you perform in each view?

Clips view- displays midi data arranged

Notes view-displays midi notes

Velocity view-displays midi note attack velocities

Volume, pan, and controller graph views-display automation playlists and continuous controller line graphs with a series of editable breakpoints


Where are the MIDI input and output controls located for MIDI tracks in the Mix window?

Where are they located for Instrument tracks?

they are located in instruments

they can be located in the instruments view at the top of the mix window


What does the MIDI Thru option do?

How is it enabled?

it allows incoming midi data to pass through a track to its midi output

its enabled thru the options menu


What is the Default Thru Instrument setting used for?

How can you change the Default Thru Instrument setting?

it's used for all incoming midi data regardless of the port, device, or channel the signal is received from.

click Setup>Preferences and click the midi tab

click the default thru the instrument pop-up menu and select follow first select midi track.

and click ok when you are


What keyboard modifier would you use when clicking on a MIDI clip in the Clip List to audition it?

What is required for this process to play sound?

Option-click (mac) or Alt-click (windows)

you need to click the midi track and select the sound


How is editing MIDI data different from editing audio?

How are MIDI notes affected when deleting a selection or trimming a clip compared to how audio waveforms are affected?

certain editing operations affect MIDI data differently than audio waveforms and MIDI notes can be modified differently.

the entire note is removed


What are some of the functions of the Pencil tool when editing MIDI notes?

it behaves like a smart tool it can grab notes, change the pitch or time location, trims a note


What setting normally determines the Default Note Duration when adding notes with the Pencil tool?

How can this setting be changed?

the gird value

click the default note duration

and use the gird value to change it


How can you select a range of MIDI notes using the on-screen keyboard?

drag a rang of notes with the selector and hold shift


What process can be used to transpose MIDI notes?

What modifier can you use to transpose a selection up or down by an octave at a time?

up/down arrow keys

hold control (mac) or start (windows) while pressing the up/down arrow keys


How can you edit MIDI note velocities from the computer keyboard?

set the midi or instrument track to velocity

select the grabber or pencil tool

drag the diamond at the top of the velocity stalk up or down to increase or decrease the velocity value.


Describe some different ways of deleting notes on a MIDI or Instrument track.

What track views allow you to delete notes?

select the notes to be deleted

choose Edit>clear or press the delete key

midi track


Lesson 5



How would you go about enabling Elastic Audio on a track?

click the elastic audio plug-in selector at the head of any audio track and select the appropriate elastic audio plug-in from the pop-up menu.


Which real-time Elastic Audio plug-in typically works best for drums?

Which typically works best for vocals?

rhythmic audio

monophonic audio


Which Elastic Audio plug-in provides only Rendered processing?

When/why would you want to use Rendered processing?

x-form processor

when you want to use it is using it for professional music production,sound design,and audio loop


What can the Elastic Audio analysis’ tempo detection determine about an audio file?

What are some conditions that will cause no tempo to be detected?

it can detect the audio file temp and if it is successful pro-tools will also calculate the file's duration in bars and beats

they are treated as sample-based and the files with only a single transient will have no tempo


Where are Warp Indicators displayed?

What are they used for?

in the clip, there will be a warp indicator in the upper right-hand corner

they are used for when the clip has been menipulated


What views are available for working with Elastic Audio-enabled tracks?

What is each view used for?

Analysis view and Warp view

Analysis: lets you edit to detect event markers on a track

Warp:this view lets you manipulate clips and adjust the timing of audio events


Name the three types of Elastic Audio markers.

What are the differences between them?

Event marker, Tempo event-generated warp marker, warp marker

Event marker: indicate detected audio events

Warp markers: anchor the audio to the timeline and are displayed in the warp view only

Tempo event-generated warp markers: gray lines with a diamond at the top


What are some ways to add Warp markers to a clip?

List at least three.

Control start click

Contol-Click (mac) or Start-Click (windows)

with pencil tool/event marker


What is a Telescoping Warp?

How does it differ from an Accordion Warp?

From a Range Warp?

allows you to stretch/compress the entire clip

applies processing to either side of the warp

applies processing between the two fixed points


What is the effect of quantizing a selection on an Elastic Audio-enabled track?

What happens to the Event markers within the selection?

the event markers close to the grid turn to warp markers and they will be matched to the grid.


Why is it important to have accurate Event markers in your clips when applying Quantize operations on Elastic Audio-enabled tracks?

so you don't have false transients which could alter the timing/quality of the clip.


After enabling a track for Elastic Audio, how would you enable the track to update dynamically to match any subsequent tempo changes you make in the session?

make sure it is tick based


What are some ways to improve the quality of audio that has been warped with Elastic Audio processing?

edit the event markers or use x-form


What is meant by Event Confidence?

How can Event Confidence be used to eliminate false transients when applying TCE processing on Elastic Audio-enabled tracks?

based on the clarity of the transient

by adjusting the level then it won't pick on false transients


What are two ways to apply Elastic Audio pitch transposition?

What are some applications for using each option?

in the elastic properties window-good for using across clips

transpose window-good for using across tracks (especially midi)


Lesson 6



What are the functions available with the Smart Tools?

How can you access the Selector with Smart Tool active?

How can you access Grabber?

its functions are trim, selector, and grabber

Selector tool: when the cursor is positioned in the upper half of a clip and not near a clip boundary the smart tool will function

Grabber:when the cursor is positioned in the lower half of a clip and not near a clip boundary that smart tool will function in grabber mode.


How can you create fades with the Smart Tool?

How can you specify the fade curves that the Smart Tool applies?

when the smart tool is active and the cursor is in the top quarter of a clip, the tool will change to fade mode near a clip boundary

Fade in: place the cursor near a clip start boundary, close to the top of the clip and drag right

Fade out: place the cursor near the end of the boundary and drag left

Crossfade: place the cursor near the end of the clip boundary close to the bottom of the two adjacent clips and drag left or right.


What menu command would you choose to open a Fades dialog box?

What is the associated keyboard shortcut?

Edit>Fades>Create or pressing

Command+F(mac),CTRL+F (windows)


What are some options for previewing crossfades in the Fades dialog box?

Fade curves only

Fade curves and separate waveforms

Fade curves with superimposed waveforms

Fade curves and summed waveform

Zoom in and Zoom out


What are some options for saving and recalling fade shapes or configurations in the Fades dialog boxes?

click the librarian menu and select save settings as

select the librarian menu at the top of the dialog box


What operations can you use to edit existing fades on a track playlist?

using the fades pop-up menu

the smart tool

using Option+Control+Left/right arrow(mac) or ALT+Start+left/right arrow


What is the purpose of the Quantize function in Pro Tools?

What are some different ways to apply quantization?

it allows you to quantize incoming midi notes while recording

Event>Event Operations>Input Quantize

Enable Input Quantize


What is the purpose of quantizing audio clips?

How is this different from quantizing Elastic Audio

it lets you quickly quantize audio clips without applying TCE processing

quantize Elastic audio is the same as midi notes it doesn't do it quickly


What feature lets you apply changes to a MIDI performance without permanently altering the underlying MIDI data on a track?

real-time properties view


What types of tracks and clips are affected by Real-Time Properties?

midi and instrument tracks


What are some of the differences between the Real-Time Properties view in the Edit window and the Real-Time Properties floating window?

Which allows you to apply clip-based Real-Time Properties?

real-time properties view makes adjustments to midi data

real-time properties floating window is that the edit window can be applied to volume automation on tick-based auxiliary input tracks

the real-time properties view


Lesson 7



Describe the process of creating a clip loop.

What are some of the options available in the Clip Looping dialog box

select an audio clip, midi clip, clip group, or select clips across multiple tracks

Choose clip>loop. the clip dialog box will open

then select where you want the loop to go

Number of loops

Loop length

Loop until the end of the session or the next clip

enable crossfade


What are the two ways that the Trim tool can be used to edit a clip loop?

trimming the whole clip

trimming beats


How would you go about creating a loop from several separate clips on a track that you want to have repeated as a unit?

select all clips press clips and press loop


What happens to clip loops when you choose the Clip > Ungroup All command?

all loops that were connected to it will be flattened and all clips will be ungrouped


What is the difference between Absolute and Relative Grid Modes?

When would you use each?

Absolute: moves clips and midi notes and also snap the clip to the grid boundary

Relative: moves clips and midi notes to the grid unit

you would use them when moving clips


What is the purpose of the Layered Editing mode?

How can Layered Editing be enabled or disabled

helps you stack clips onto one another while retaining the freedom to move them

click the layer button in editing mode or press options>Layered editing


Do AudioSuite plug-ins provide real-time processing or non-real-time processing?

When might you use AudioSuite processing instead of a plug-in insert?

real-time processing

when you are using plug-ins for a track


What does the Use In Playlist button do in the AudioSuite plug-in window?

How can you tell when this option is active?

it controls whether the processed audio will replace your selection on the track

it will appear blue when selected


Explain the difference between applying AudioSuite processing as “Clip by Clip” versus “Entire Selection.

Clip by Clip: Analyze each clip in a selection individually

Entire Selection: Analyzes an entire selection as if it were one complete clip


Why is it important to consider the Handle Length setting when processing with an AudioSuite plug-in?

What types of processing might be affected by AudioSuite handles?

it handles to create of individual files with the processing input mode

Playlist processing and clip list processing


What modifier key can you use to audition a clip in the Clip List?

Option-Click (Mac) or ALT-click(windows)


How could you set the Clip List for a session you just opened to display only your newly recorded and edited clips going forward?

go to the clips list and press the drop-down arrow


What are some options for selecting multiple clips in the Clip List?

How can you select a range of contiguous clips?

How can you select non-contiguous clips?

they can be selected as contiguous range or as individual clips

click the name of the first clip you wish to select in the clip list

shift-click the name of the last clip you wish to select


What is the difference between removing clips versus moving to trash or deleting clips using the Clear command in the Clip List?

removing clips: does not delete the audio

moving to trash/clear command: it can reduce the overall storage requirements of your session


What are some options for making selections or subset clips available outside of the current session?

What is the purpose of the Capture command when exporting clips?

consolidating clips or capturing and exporting a clip

it lets you create a new subset clip in the clip list


Lesson 8



here can you assign the color coding that Pro Tools will automatically apply for tracks and clips?

How can you display track color bars in the Mix and Edit windows?

setup>preferences>display window

select view>mix window views>track color

select view>edit windows view


Describe the track icons used for the following track types in the Mix window: Audio, Aux Input, MIDI, Instrument, and Master Fader.


Aux input- down arrow

MIDI- 5-pin connecter

Instrument- Keyboard

master fader- sigma


What are some of the track status indicators available in the Edit window?

Describe at least three


solo-the s

mute-the m


How many inserts are available on a track in Pro Tools?

Why is it important to consider the order in which inserts are arranged on a track?


because they process in a series


Are inserts pre-fader or post-fader on Audio tracks, Instrument tracks, and Aux Input tracks?

Are inserts any different on Master Fader tracks?

pre fader-aux and audio

post fader-instrument



Are sends pre-fader or post-fader on Audio tracks, Instrument tracks, and Aux Input tracks?

Are sends any different on Master Fader tracks? Explain.

sends can be pre or both

no different sends on master fader tracks


How many sends are available on a track in Pro Tools?



What is the difference between an Output send and a Bus send?

When would you use each?

output- it drops the signal to your audio interface

bus-routes through internal mix bus


What level does a send default to when it is first created?

How can you change this default?

- infinity and goes up to 0

choose setup>preferences


What is the difference between standard view and expanded view for sends?

What keyboard modifier can you use to toggle between view modes by clicking a send selector?

Standard view-can display differently in the mix and edit windows, allowing you to display sends

Expand view-each send can be configured to display its assignment in an expanded view across all tracks

View>mix windows views or view>edit window views


How can you prevent a “return” track from muting when one of the source tracks is soloed?

What modifier key is used to enable this function?

solo safe mode on any track to prevent that track from muting when you solo another track

Command-click (mac)or CTRL-click on(windows) the solo button on a track


What is the effect of enabling the PRE button in a send window?

What is the effect of enabling the FMP button?

Pre button-it makes the send level independent of the track's output fader position

FMP button-it links the send pan to the main pan for the track


How can you visually determine whether the Inverse Pan option is enabled for a send?

What button(s) will be highlighted?

you will know its enable when the buttons become highlighted

the link icon and inverse pan icon will be highlighted


How can you copy a send from one track to another track and duplicate its settings?

What considerations might apply?

option-click(mac) or ALT-click (windows) on a send assignment

the send pan can be dropped without warning,it retains and drop,or it will be replaced


Which type of plug-in effects are generally used on inserts?

Which are generally used with sends? Why?

Gain-based processors-inserts

Time-Based processors-sends

it submix's at the same level as the track


What is the Librarian menu used for in a plug-in window?

What is displayed in the Librarian menu when you first assign a plug-in?


Librarian menu- lets you select from available presets for the current plug-in

when a plug-in is first assigned it will have no preset selected and <Factory Deafult> will display in the librarian menu


What are some of the uses of a Master Fader?

How can you assign a Master Fader to the desired output or bus?

control and process output mixes, monitor and meter an output level to guard against clipping, control submix levels, controls effects and levels

create a stereo master fader track

set the outputs of all audio,instrument,and aux input tracks in the session to the main output bus

set the audio output path selector on the master fader to the same main output bus


Lesson 9

Snapple fact #1416: Mangos can get sunburned


What are some of the parameters that you can automate in Pro Tools?

track controls-volume, pan, and mute on audio tracks, midi and instrument tracks, and aux inputs

volume controls on master faders

send controls-send volume, send pan, and send mute

all plug-in controls


What are some differences between MIDI controller automation data and Pro Tools audio automation?

What kinds of tracks can Pro Tools audio automation be used on (Audio, MIDI, etc.)?

pro tools audio automation offers much higher resolution

use audio volume and pan instead of midi volume and pan

an Aux input track, audio, and instrument


What selector can you use to set the automation mode for a track?

Where is this selector located?

Automation mode selector

In Mix and Edit windows


What is the difference between the Write, Touch, and Latch automation modes?

Write: starts writing for all enabled parameters when playback starts

Touch: automation starts writing when an enabled parameter is modified and continues writing when the automation is being held

Latch: Automation starts writing when an enabled parameter is modified and continues writing after it has been released


When might you suspend automation?

What is the difference between the Suspend button and the Write Enable buttons?

when you want to temporarily ignore all automation so you can freely adjust things

Suspended Buttons: enables or suspends writing and playback of all automation parameters

Write Enable Buttons: Enables or Disables writing for the corresponding automation parameter across all tracks in your session


What are the advantages of using Touch or Latch mode over using Write mode?

In what scenarios would you use Latch mode?

When would it make more sense to use Touch mode?

Latch Mode: latch is more effective when you want to set a parameter and let it ride through long sections of a mix. This can be useful for an initial automation pass to set levels for different parts of a song

Touch Mode: Touch is effective when you want to touch up a small section of existing automation. such as to boost a vocal for a specific line or word. In this mode when you release the fader or other controls it returns


What are two ways to display an automation playlist in the Edit window?

In the edit, window click on the track view selector for the track on which you want to view.

show and hide lanes button


What are some common automation graphs that you may work with?

How might automation be different for different types of parameters, with respect to available vertical positions?

Volume graph, Pan graph, Mute graph

Volume graph: anywhere on the spectrum

Pan graph: top is left and bottom is right

Mute graph: either on or off


What are some ways that the Grabber tool can be used to edit an automation playlist?

How would you go about Nudging automation breakpoints?

the grabber tool can create breakpoints and move them to a new area and can also move a range of breakpoints together

select the breakpoint you want

choose a nudge increment from the nudge value pop-up menu

or nudge it from the numeric keypad


What are some ways that the Pencil tool can be used to edit an automation playlist?

click and hold the pencil tool icon and a pop-up menu will appear to verify that the free-hand pencil mode is active

click and drag on the automation graph to draw a new shape or automation curve

or click and hold the pencil to create a line

click and drag on an automation graph to create a breakpoint

and release the mouse when done


How is cutting automation data different from deleting automation data?

the cut automation would add more breakpoints while the deleting automation would remove the selected breakpoints


What will be the result if you copy automation (Edit > Copy) from a track displaying Volume automation and paste the automation (Edit > Paste) on a track displaying Pan automation?

It wont copy over


How would you go about duplicating volume automation from a track on Send B for the track?

Paste Special- to the current automation type


How can you delete individual breakpoints in an automation graph?

How can you delete a range of automation breakpoints?

Option-click (Mac) or Alt-click (Windows) on individual breakpoints with the grabber tool

Select a range of breakpoints with the selector tool: press the delete key on the keyboard or choose Edit > Clear


How can you clear all automation on a displayed automation graph?

What modifier can you use to clear the automation across all automation graphs for a track?

triple click on the graph with the selector tool, place the edit cursor on the automation graph

Edit > Clear or delete


Lesson 10

Snapple Fact #1520: "Jingle Bells" was originally written for Thanksgiving


How is the Do-To-Selected function useful?

What keyboard modifier set is used to access the Do-To-Selected functionality?

to simultaneously perform an action across a subset of tracks in a session.

Command-Click (mac) or CTRL-click(Windows)


Describe the process of creating a drum submix.

What kind of track is traditionally used as a submix destination?

choose track>new select a mono or stereo aux input track, name it, and click Create

set the output for all tracks that you want to include to an available mix bus using the audio output path selectors route the output bus for each included track

set the input to correspond to the internal mix bus you chose using the audio input path selector

set the output of the aux input track to your main stereo outputs as needed

solo safe the aux input track by command-clicking (mac)on the track solo button

An aux track


What is the difference between a Basic Folder track and a Routing Folder track?

Which kind is useful for submixing

Basic folder: is nothing more than a holding container for other tracks

Routing Folder: Is it allows tracks to route to a parent routing folder track and allow the folder track to affect the submitted signal

A Routing Folder track


What process can you use to route the outputs of a set of tracks to a destination track?

click on the output track

select a track from the pop-up menu and choose the desired destination track from the submenu


What is the purpose of grouping tracks?

How many track groups can you create in a session?

the purpose of it is to give you many ways to organize and control a set of tracks

your ability to create up to 104 groups in a session


What are some of the parameters that are affected by Edit groups?

What are some of the parameters that can be included in a Mix group

Edit:track views, track heights, track timebase settings, elastic audio plug-in assignments, audio and midi editing functions, playlist views,selection-based processing, automation editing functions

Mix: main volume level, track panning, automation mode settings, track mute settings, track solo settings, record enables, send levels


What is the keyboard shortcut to create a Mix or Edit group from selected tracks?

Command-click (mac) or ctrl-click (windows)


How can you enable or disable a single group?

How can you globally suspend all groups?

How can you visually tell when groups have been suspended?

in the group, list click the name of a group to enable/disable

Globally suspend: click the group list pop-up selector and choose to suspend all groups or press command+G (Mac) or Ctrl+shift+G (windows)

when the group is no longer highlighted


How can you identify group membership of tracks in the Mix window?

is the group id has a lowercase letter its active if its uppercase its the top most group


How can you quickly select all members of a group?

How might this be useful?

click in the column to the left of a group name to select its member tracks a filled circle will appear and it will show it's selected.

when you want to set up your groups early


What are some options for modifying or deleting a group?

Modify: choose to modify groups from the group list, in the mix window click the group ID indicator and choose to modify from the pop-up menu, right click on a group name in the group list and choose to modify, in the dialog box choose the group ID for the group you want to update, modify the group name, type, options, and track membership for the selected group as desired, choose additional group id's if desired and modify each as needed, click ok

Delete: in the mix window click the group ID indicator on a track and choose delete from the group ID indicator pop-up menu or right click on the group name in the group list and choose delete


What is the purpose of the All group?

Can you modify track membership or delete this group?

the purpose of it is to override all other groups in the session combining all tracks in the session into a single large group

Membership in the ALL group cannot be modified, nor can the group be deleted


When is it necessary to apply Dither?

Where should you insert a dither plug-in?

it's necessary to apply dither when you want to optimize word length reduction, allowing you to maintain the highest audio quality possible when reducing bit depth

you should insert in a dither plug-in


What is noise shaping used for in a dither plug-in?

How is noise shaping used by the POW-r dither plug-in?

noise shaping is to help you improve the signal-to-noise ratio of dither

POW-r Dither noise shaping helps improve audio performance and reduces the perceptible noise inherent in dither


What are the steps involved in creating a session archive?

Why is it important to use the Save Copy In command before compacting sound files

clear all unused files from the session without permanently deleting any audio, create a copy of the session including all necessary parent files, and compact the parent files to eliminate unused portions of the files

it's important to save before compacting because you can ensure that all of the files needed for the archive are copies