Philosophers and Artists Flashcards


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created 1 year ago by nia_06
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1

Wrote Leviathan

Hobbes/English

2

Wrote Two Treatises on Government

Locke/English

3

Wrote Spirit of Laws

Montesquieu/French

4

Believed in a strong central government

Hobbes/English

5

Supported absolute w/ social contract

Hobbes/English

6

Said man was basically brute who needed to be controlled

Hobbes/English

7

People have natural rights which include life, liberty, and property

Locke/English

8

Influenced Thomas Jefferson who wrote Declaration of independence

Locke/English

9

Power of government should be divided into 3 branches to protect the rights of the people

Montesquieu/French

10

System of checks and balances

Montesquieu/French

11

Influenced the US Constitution

Montesquieu/French

12

Wrote The Social Contract

Rousseau/French

13

Government is a contract between the rulers and people

Rousseau/French

14

If government abuses its contract, the people have a right to abolish the government

Rousseau/French

15

“Government by the people of the people”

Rousseau/French

16

Influenced the writing of both Declaration of independence and US Constitution

Rousseau/French

17

“Man is born free, but everywhere he is in chains”

Rousseau/French

18

Religious tolerance

Voltaire/French

19

Separation of the church and state

Voltaire/French

20

Freedom of speech and religion

Voltaire/French

21

”I disagree with what u say, but I will defend to the death your right to say it”

Voltaire/French

22

Influenced the US Constitution

Voltaire/French

23

Popular Sovereignty

Paine/English

24

Wrote Common Sense

Paine/English

25

Influenced Declaration of independence and US Constitution

Paine/English

26

Editor of The Encyclopedia

Diderot/ French

27

Included articles on philosophy, government as well as general information

Diderot/French

28

Classical music

Bach/German

29

Reflected Age of Reason philosophy of order and reason

Bach/German

30

Child Prodigy

Mozart/German

31

Classical composer

Mozart/German

32

Wrote Don Quixote

Cervantes/Spanish

33

Helped to develop new form of writing; the novel

Cervantes/Spanish

34

Member of new Quaker faith

Penn

35

Believed in tolerance, peace, friendship

Penn

36

Founded the colony of Pennsylvania

Penn