is a description that is not literally true.
- meaning and images in writing. The author is trying to connect to the reader.
- When the reader “sees” images, it is called “visualizing”
- Don’t forget: figurative language is a form of imagery.
A comparison between two unlike things using like, as, or than
EX) “He was dizzy, aching, and felt shaken to pieces, when something went off like a thunderclap just behind him…”
What is not Simlie
- Just because the word “like” or “as” is present does not always mean a comparison is happening.
- “Than” is different from “then”. “Then” shows sequence; “than” shows comparison.
- Justin liked Susan, so he asked her to a movie.
- June saw a jet fly overhead as she walked home.
- I like apples, strawberries, and oranges.
- I went home and then I ate dinner.
A comparison between two unlike things where is is said one thing IS something else.
- EX) Her hands were ice cubes on the ends of her wrists.
Comparing her hands to ice cubes.
Giving human-like qualities to non-human creatures or objects
“In the cold of winter, when the ground lay frozen, [the trees] had sung their frosty ballads of years gone by.”
Trees are given the human quality of singing.
An extreme exaggeration, usually used for humor
Goodness, you startled me! I jumped out of my skin!
The exaggeration is a person can’t jump out of their skin.
A word that is a sound. It is auditory imagery(auditory means sound).
“Again and again and again [Nagaina] struck, and each time her head came with a whack on the matting of the veranda…”
WHACK is a sound detail.
The repetition of consonant sounds (not vowels) in a phrase.
- Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers
- How much wood would a woodchuck chuck if a woodchuck could chuck wood.
When two opposing or conflicting ideas are presented together.
1. Living dead
2. Deafening silence
3. Small crowd
4. Jumbo shrimp
5. Awfully good