unit 4 poetry Flashcards


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1

anaphora

the repetition of a word, phrase, or clause at the beginning of two or more sentences in a row. this is a deliberate form of repetition and helps make the writer's point more coherent

2

Caesura

A natural pause or break in a line of poetry, usually near the middle of the line.

3

Chiasmus

a type of rhetorical balance in which the second part is syntactically balanced against the first but with the parts reversed

4

Juxtaposition

poetic and rhetorical device in which normally unassociated ideas, words, or phrases are placed next to one another, creating an effect of surprise and wit

5

Metonymy

a figure of speech which is characterized by the substitution of a term naming an object closely associated with the word in mind for the word itself

6

Alliteration

the repetition of the same or similar consonant sounds in words that are close together

7

apostrophe

calling out to an imaginary, dead, or absent person, or to a place or thing, or a personified abstract idea

8

Assonance

the repetition of similar vowel sounds in words that are together

9

Asyndeton

commas used without conjunction to separate a series of words, thus emphasizing the parts equally

10

cacophony

A harsh, discordant mixture of sounds

11

Consonance

Repetition of a consonant sound within a group of words

12

Couplet

Two consecutive lines of poetry that rhyme

13

elegy

a sustained and formal poem setting forth the poet's meditations upon death or another solemn theme

14

end stopped

a line with a pause at the end

15

Enjambment

the continuation of the sense and grammatical construction from one line of poetry to the next

16

euphony

a style in which combinations of words pleasant to the ear predominate

17

free verse

Poetry that does not have a regular meter or rhyme scheme

18

Hyperbole

a figure of speech that uses an incredible exaggeration or overstatement for effect

19

internal rhyme

rhyme that occurs within a line, rather than at the end

20

Oxymoron

form of paradox that combines a pair of contrary terms into a single expression, usually serves the purpose of shocking the reader into awareness

21

Paradox

a situation or action or feeling that appears to be contradictory but on inspection turns out to be true or least to make sense.

22

Polysndeton

sentence which uses a conjunction with NO commas to separate the items in a series. Instead of X, Y, and Z... Polysyndeton results in X and Y and Z...

23

refrain

a word, phrase, line, or group of lines that is repeated, for effect, several times in a poem

24

stream of consciousness

a style of writing that portrays the inner (often chaotic) workings of a character's mind.

25

Synecdoche

a form of metaphor which in mentioning part that signifies the whole