Chap Questions Axial Skeleton Flashcards
Membrane-filled spaces between cranial bones that enable the fetal skull to modigy its size and shape for passage through the birth canal are called
The hypophyseal fossa of the sella turcica of teh sphenoid bone contains the _____
The regions of the vertebral column that consist of fused vertebrae are the [a] and the [b].
The atlanto-occipital joints allow you to rotate the head, as in signifying "no".
In which of the following bones are paranasal sinuses NOT found?
Which of the following pairs are mismatched?
sacrum: supports lower back
Which of the following bones are not paired?
The primary vertebral curves that appear during fetal development are the (1) cervical curve, (2) thoracic curve, (3) lumbar curve, (4) coccyx curve, (5) sacral curve.
2 and 5
Which of the following are functions of the cranial bones? (1) Protection of the brain; (2) attachment of muscles that move the head; (3) protection of the special sense organs; (4) attachment to the meninges; (5) attachment of muscles that produce facial expressions.
1 ,2, 3, 4, 5
Prominent ridge or elongated projection
large round protuberance at the end of a bone
Smooth, flat articular surface
sharp, slender projection
opening for passage of blood vessels, nerves or ligaments
large, rounded, rough projection
narrow slit between adjacent parts of bones for passage of blood vessels or nerves
bones that have greater length than width and consist of a shaft and a variable number of extremities.
cube-shaped bones that are nearly equal in length and width
bones that develop in certain tendons where there is considerable friction, tension, and physical stress
small bones located within joints between certain cranial bones
thin bones composed of two nearly parallel plates of compact bone enclosing a layer of spongy bone
bones with complex shapes, including the vertebrae and some facial bones
patella is an example
bones that provide considerable protection and extensive areas for muscle attachment
include femur, tibia, fibula, humerus, ulna and radius
include cranial bones, sternum, and ribs
include almost all of the carpal (wrist) and tarsal (ankle) bones
forms the forehead
form the inferior lateral aspects of the cranium and part of the cranial floor; contains zygomatic process and mastoid process
forms part of the anteriuor protion of the cranial floor, medial wall of the orbits, superior portions of nasal septum, most of the side walls of the nasal cavity; is a major supporting structure of the nasal cavity.
form the prominence of the cheek and part of the lateral wall and floor of each orbit.
the largest, strongest facial bone; is the only movable skull bone
a roughly triangular bone on th efloor of the nasal cavity; one of the components of the nasal septum.
form greater portion of the sides and roof of the cranial cavity
form the posterior part and most of hte base of the cranium; contains the foramen magnum
called the keystone of the cranial floor; contains the sella turcica, optic foramen, and pterygoid processes
form the bridge of the nose
the smallest bones of the face; contain a vertical groove that houses a structure that gathers tears and passes them into the nasal cavity.
does not articulate with any other bone
unite to form the upper jawbone and articulate with every bone of the face except the lower jawbone
form the posterior part of the hard palate, part of the floor and lateral wall of the nasal cavity, and a small portion of the floors of the orbits
scroll-like bones that form a part of the lateral walls of the nasal cavity; functions int he turbulent circulation and filtration of air.
inferior nasal conchae
articulation of mandibular fossa and articular tubercle of the temproal bone to the mandible
external auditory meatus
ramus, body and condylar process
transverse foramen, bifid spinous processes
The suture located between a parietal and temporal bone is the
Ribs that are not attached to the sternum are known as the true ribs.