Chap Questions Axial Skeleton Flashcards


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College: First year
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anatomy and physiology
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1

Membrane-filled spaces between cranial bones that enable the fetal skull to modigy its size and shape for passage through the birth canal are called

fontanels

2

The hypophyseal fossa of the sella turcica of teh sphenoid bone contains the _____

pituitary gland

3

The regions of the vertebral column that consist of fused vertebrae are the [a] and the [b].

A.) sacrum
B.) coccyx

4

The atlanto-occipital joints allow you to rotate the head, as in signifying "no".

false

5

In which of the following bones are paranasal sinuses NOT found?

lacrimal bones

6

Which of the following pairs are mismatched?

sacrum: supports lower back

7

Which of the following bones are not paired?

vomer

8

The primary vertebral curves that appear during fetal development are the (1) cervical curve, (2) thoracic curve, (3) lumbar curve, (4) coccyx curve, (5) sacral curve.

2 and 5

9

Which of the following are functions of the cranial bones? (1) Protection of the brain; (2) attachment of muscles that move the head; (3) protection of the special sense organs; (4) attachment to the meninges; (5) attachment of muscles that produce facial expressions.

1 ,2, 3, 4, 5

10

Prominent ridge or elongated projection

crest

11

tubelike opening

meatus

12

large round protuberance at the end of a bone

condyle

13

Smooth, flat articular surface

facet

14

sharp, slender projection

spinous process

15

opening for passage of blood vessels, nerves or ligaments

foramen

16

large, rounded, rough projection

tuberosity

17

shallow depression

fossa

18

narrow slit between adjacent parts of bones for passage of blood vessels or nerves

fissure

19

bones that have greater length than width and consist of a shaft and a variable number of extremities.

long bones

20

cube-shaped bones that are nearly equal in length and width

short bones

21

bones that develop in certain tendons where there is considerable friction, tension, and physical stress

sesamoid bones

22

small bones located within joints between certain cranial bones

sutural bones

23

thin bones composed of two nearly parallel plates of compact bone enclosing a layer of spongy bone

flat bones

24

bones with complex shapes, including the vertebrae and some facial bones

irregular bones

25

patella is an example

sesamoid bones

26

bones that provide considerable protection and extensive areas for muscle attachment

flat bones

27

include femur, tibia, fibula, humerus, ulna and radius

long bones

28

include cranial bones, sternum, and ribs

flat bones

29

include almost all of the carpal (wrist) and tarsal (ankle) bones

short bones

30

forms the forehead

frontal bones

31

form the inferior lateral aspects of the cranium and part of the cranial floor; contains zygomatic process and mastoid process

temporal bones

32

forms part of the anteriuor protion of the cranial floor, medial wall of the orbits, superior portions of nasal septum, most of the side walls of the nasal cavity; is a major supporting structure of the nasal cavity.

ethmoid bones

33

form the prominence of the cheek and part of the lateral wall and floor of each orbit.

zygomatic bones

34

the largest, strongest facial bone; is the only movable skull bone

mandible

35

a roughly triangular bone on th efloor of the nasal cavity; one of the components of the nasal septum.

vomer

36

form greater portion of the sides and roof of the cranial cavity

parietal bones

37

form the posterior part and most of hte base of the cranium; contains the foramen magnum

occipital bones

38

called the keystone of the cranial floor; contains the sella turcica, optic foramen, and pterygoid processes

sphenoid bones

39

form the bridge of the nose

nasal bones

40

the smallest bones of the face; contain a vertical groove that houses a structure that gathers tears and passes them into the nasal cavity.

lacrimal bones

41

does not articulate with any other bone

hyoid bone

42

unite to form the upper jawbone and articulate with every bone of the face except the lower jawbone

maxillae

43

form the posterior part of the hard palate, part of the floor and lateral wall of the nasal cavity, and a small portion of the floors of the orbits

palatine bones

44

scroll-like bones that form a part of the lateral walls of the nasal cavity; functions int he turbulent circulation and filtration of air.

inferior nasal conchae

45

supraorbital foramen

frontal bones

46

temporomandibular joint

articulation of mandibular fossa and articular tubercle of the temproal bone to the mandible

47

external auditory meatus

temporal bone

48

foramen magnum

occipital bone

49

optic foramen

sphenoid bone

50

cribriform plate

ethmoid bone

51

palatine process

maxillae

52

ramus, body and condylar process

mandible

53

transverse foramen, bifid spinous processes

cervical vertebrae

54

dens

axis

55

promontory

sacrum

56

costal cartilages

ribs

57

xiphoid process

sternum

58

The suture located between a parietal and temporal bone is the

squamous

59

Ribs that are not attached to the sternum are known as the true ribs.

false