New Thought Flashcards


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created 7 days ago by Morales12
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world history
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1

Working class

The lowest rung on the social ladder in an industrial society, have jobs but poor

2

Capitalism

Economic system based on supply and demand; people pay what they think its worth

3

Communism

Political system where government has disbanded itself because everyone is equal

4

Socialism

Economic system where government redistributes equal amounts of money to all people

5

Guillotine

An invention that executes people in a humane and equal way

6

Napoleon Bonaparte

Dictator/general in France

7

Industrial Revolution

Society where factories make all the products and sell them in stores

8

Urbanization

People moving to the cities to look for work

9

Galileo Galilei

Italian scientist who used the telescope but forced to recant by the church

10

Henry Vlll

English king who left the Catholic Church and made England Protestant

11

Leonardo Da Vinci

Italian “Renaissance Man” who painted Mona Lisa and Last Supper

12

Jonh Calvin

Swiss theologian who believed in predestination; led to the Reformed Church

13

Michelangelo

Italian who created the statue of David and painted the Sistine Chapel

14

Martin Luther

German monk who translated Bible to German, wrote 95 Theses/started Reformation

15

Isaac Newton

English mathematician who “discovered” gravity and invented calculus

16

William Shakespeare

English playwright who wrote Romeo and Juliet and Hamlet (among many, many others)

17

Printing Press

Moveable type, allowed information to be spread at an incredible rate; invented by Gutenberg

18

Justification by Faith

Luther’s idea that faith alone gets you to Heaven

19

Alchemy

The chemistry ideal of changing one base element to another element (lead into gold)

20

Natural Rights

Rights all men have: “Life Liberty Property”

21

Indulgenses

What the Catholic Church sold to get people out of purgatory; angered Martin Luther

22

95 These

The 95 things Luther said the Catholic Church needed to change

23

Wartburg Castle

The location where Martin Luther hid out during the Reformation

24

Geocentric Theory

The idea that the Earth is the center of the universe

25

Social Contract

What the government and people owe each other--usually freedom for protection

26

Pacifism

No violence

27

Renaissance

“Rebirth of Knowledge” after the Dark Ages

28

John Locke

Believed in natural rights for all men and people can select own government

29

Columbian Exchange

The goods that went from the Western Hemisphere and Eastern Hemisphere and back