Vocal music performed without an instrumental accompaniment.
Abstract music, the opposite to programme music. It is not composed to represent or illustrate anything else.
Extra stress given to a note in a piece of music.
A musical part (vocal or instrumental) which supports or provides the harmony for the main tune.
Italian word for "air" or tune. A song for a solo voice with or without accompaniment.
A type of broken chords. The notes are played one by one in ascending or descending order.
Music which moves from lower to higher notes.
A style of a cappella singing that typically uses four-part close harmony.
Musical era from 1600 to 1750.
An accompaniment made up of a continuous base line over which chords are improvised.
A chord which notes are played simultaniously.
Sounds made using parts of the body.
A chord whose notes are played in succession or in sequence.
A short chord progression used at the end of a musical phrase to create a resting point in the music.
Call and Response
A compostitional technique in which a first musical phrase sounds as though it is answered by a second phrase performed by a different voice or group.