Biology Grades 9-12: Cell Cycle Flashcards


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created 7 weeks ago by cromer
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Grade levels:
9th grade, 10th grade
Subjects:
juvenile nonfiction, science & nature, biology
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1

Cell Cycle

Regular pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that occurs in eukaryotic cells. It has 4 main stages GAP 1, Synthesis, GAP 2.

2

Centromere

region of condensed chromosome that looks pinched, where the spindle fibers attach during meiosis and mitosis

3

Chromosome

is one long continuous thread of DNA that consists of numerous genes. Your body has 46

4

chromatin

loose combination of DNA and proteins that is present during interphase.

5

mitosis

is the division of the cell nucleus and its contents. During this process, the nuclear membrane dissolves.

6

cytokinesis

is the process of that divides the cell in the cytoplasm into 2 daughter cells.

7

histone

protein that organizes chromosomes and around which DNA wraps

8

chromatid

one half of a duplicated chromosome.

9

carcinogen

substance that produces or promotes the development of cancer

10

benign

having no dangerous effect on health, especially referring to an abnormal growth.

11

cancer

common name for a class of diseases characterized by uncontrolled cell division.

12

malignant

cancerous tumor

13

metastasize

to spreading of a disease to other parts of the body.