Stories that are made up
What is a short story?
Fiction that usually revolves around one character and is short
enough to read in one
What is a novel?
Fiction that is longer and involves a complicated plot
The time, place, and duration in which the action of a story takes place.
The time that an event continues or lasts
The main character in the story who is involved in the main conflict
plot – Usually undergoes a change.
The character who is in conflict with the protagonist.
A character who stays the same throughout the story
A character who changes throughout the story
Point of View:
The perspective from which a story is told.
Written from the perspective of a character in which the
is also the narrator
Third Person Limited:
Written from the perspective of an outside observer. The
reader will know the thoughts and feelings of a single character through the
Third Person Omniscient:
Written from the perspective of an outside observer.
The reader will know the thoughts and feelings of multiple characters through
A struggle between opposing forces. There are two types of conflict:
A struggle between a character and an outside force.
a. Individual vs. Individual
b. Individual vs. nature
c. Individual vs. society
d. Individual vs. Fate/supernatural
e. Individual vs. technology
A struggle inside or within a character: individual vs. self
The sequence of events in a story
the beginning of the story where the characters and setting are
this is the build up of tension. It is the action in the story that
to the climax. We will usually find lots of conflict in the rising action.
The turning point in the plot. The moment the story or character
All the events following the climax are calming down, loose
are tied up.
The conclusion or end of a story.
The lesson, moral, or main message the writer wishes to share with
Most themes are not stated directly. The reader must infer based on details and events.
The mood is the feelings that a writer wants readers to have while
reading. It is
the atmosphere that is created.
The author expresses an attitude about the subject matter through
and context clues.
When an author gives clues so the reader can better predict what
happen later in the story.
When the narrator pauses the main story line to tell about an event
happened before the main story.