king of the Franks who unified Gaul and established his capital at Paris and founded the Frankish monarchy; his name was rendered as Gallic `Louis' (466-511)
relating to or belonging to the Middle Ages
one of the Germanic tribes whose king, Clovis, conquered the former Roman province of Gaul.
he rallied Frankish warriors to victory at the Battle of Tours.
battle of Tours
Christian warriors triumphed over Muslims, stopping the advance of the Muslim Empire further into Europe.
king of the Franks and Holy Roman Emperor; conqueror of the Lombards and Saxons (742-814). United the former territory of the western Roman Empire.
nomadic people from present-day Hungary; invaded Charlemagne's Empire
expert sailors from Scandinavia who invaded Charlemagne's empire from the north
the social system that developed in Europe in the 8th century; vassals were protected by lords who they had to serve in war
a person holding a fief; a person who owes allegiance and service to a feudal lord
exchange of pledges between a lord and their vassals
a piece of land held under the feudal system
a mounted warrior; originally a person of noble birth trained to arms and chivalry
mock battles between knights (not actual warfare)
the medieval principles governing knighthood and knightly conduct
the landed estate of a lord
a person who is bound to the land and owned by the feudal lord