World History: The Early Middle Ages Flashcards


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World History
Chapter 7
Chapter 7
updated 6 weeks ago by fisherk
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1

Clovis

king of the Franks who unified Gaul and established his capital at Paris and founded the Frankish monarchy; his name was rendered as Gallic `Louis' (466-511)

2

medieval

relating to or belonging to the Middle Ages

3

Franks

one of the Germanic tribes whose king, Clovis, conquered the former Roman province of Gaul.

4

Charles Martel

he rallied Frankish warriors to victory at the Battle of Tours.

5

battle of Tours

Christian warriors triumphed over Muslims, stopping the advance of the Muslim Empire further into Europe.

6

Charlemagne

king of the Franks and Holy Roman Emperor; conqueror of the Lombards and Saxons (742-814). United the former territory of the western Roman Empire.

7

Magyars

nomadic people from present-day Hungary; invaded Charlemagne's Empire

8

Vikings

expert sailors from Scandinavia who invaded Charlemagne's empire from the north

9

feudalism

the social system that developed in Europe in the 8th century; vassals were protected by lords who they had to serve in war

10

vassal

a person holding a fief; a person who owes allegiance and service to a feudal lord

11

feudal contract

exchange of pledges between a lord and their vassals

12

fief

a piece of land held under the feudal system

13

knight

a mounted warrior; originally a person of noble birth trained to arms and chivalry

14

tournament

mock battles between knights (not actual warfare)

15

chivalry

the medieval principles governing knighthood and knightly conduct

16

troubador

wandering musicians

17

manor

the landed estate of a lord

18

serf

a person who is bound to the land and owned by the feudal lord