INTRO TO NURSING FINAL Flashcards


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1

Adaptation Theory

Sister Calista Roy 1976

individual = set of interrelated systems who strives to maintain balance between various stimuli

four components: person, health, environment, and nursing

copes with changing world by using both innate and acquired ( biological, psychological, and social in origin)

2

Systems Model

Betty Newman 1972

individual's relationship to stress, reaction to it, and the reconstitution factors that are dynamic in nature

centered around the patient through holistic point of view

three types of prevention

3

Modeling and Role Theory

Helen Erickson 1983

three main roles of the nurse : facilitator, nurturer, and unconditional acceptor

modeling recognizes that each patient has a unique perspective on his/her world

role modeling is the process by which the nurse facilitates and nurtures the individual in attaining, maintaining, and promoting health. it accepts the patient as he or she is unconditionally, and allows the planning of unique interventions

4

Self-care Deficit theory

Dorothy Orem 1971

focuses on "each individuals ability to perform self-care, defined as 'the practice of activities that individuals initiate and perform on their own behalf in maintaining life, health, and well-being"

5

Theory of Interpersonal Relations

Hildegard Peplau 1952

nurse-patient relationships must pass through three phases in order to be successful

1. orientation

2. working

3. termination

6

The Human Becoming Theory

Rosemary Rizzo Parse first published this theory in 1981 as "Man-Living-Health" and the name was changed in 1992

goal is for nurse to be truly present with people as they enhance the quality of life

7

Theory of Goal Attainment

Imogene King 1960's

explains factors which can affect the attainment of goals are roles, stress, space, and time

three interacting systems: personal, interpersonal, and social

8

Theory of Comfort

Katherine Kolbaca 1990's

comfort existing in three forms : relief, ease, and transcendence

patient's needs are met = pt experiences comfort in sense of relief

ease addresses comfort in the state of contentment

transcendence is described as a state of comfort in which patients are able to rise above their challenges

comfort can occur in physical, psychospiritual, environmental, and sociocultural

9

Environmental Theory

Florence Nightingale 1800's

"the act of utilizing the environment of the patient to assist him in his recovery"

relationship between soldiers and their environment

five environmental factors : fresh air, pure water, efficient drainage, cleanliness/sanitation, light/direct sunlight

10

Dock

wrote first manual of drugs for nurses

dedicated to health of poor

fighter for women's rights - jailed three times for protests

11

Robb

first superintendent of John Hopkins

involved in bettering education of nurses

founder of American nurse association and American Journal of Nursing

12

Barton

founded American Red Cross

risked life to bring supplies and support to soldiers in the field in the civil war

13

Dix

toured mental hospitals in the US to see what was lacking and reported to politicians

helped to reform the care of the mentally ill

14

Stewart

instrumental in setting up national curriculum guidelines for nursing

participated in professional organizations including the national league of nursing education

15

Montag

advocated for creation of Associate Degree of Nursing

while at Adelphi, served as director of the first 25 nursing students admitted under the Nurse training Act of 1943 and participated in the United Stats Nurse Cadet Corps

16

Baumfree

self named Sojourner Truth

born into slavery in New York but escaped with her infant daughter to freedom in 1826

served as a nurse to the dumont family during her enslavement

when she achieved freedom, she worked for the national freedman's relief association

17

Wald

worked at the new york juvenile asylum which is a poverty level orphanage

in 1909 she became a founding member of the national association for the advancement of colored people (NAACP)

began the henry street settlement

18

Nutting

first professor of nursing

stressed a need of education in nursing

american nurse, educator, and pioneer in the field of hospital care

Her work, a history of nursing, remains an essential historic writing today

19

Henderson

award for research

known as the "first lady of nursing"

developed nursing need theory

wrote "textbook on the principles and practice of nursing"

20

Richards

first american nurse to graduate form a formal nursing program

trained the first japanese nurses

her own training began when she was a tee, learning to assist a local physician who had treated her tubercular mother

instrumental in getting written records of nursing care

21

Neil

started method of nurse registration

emphasize the role of the midwife in maternity care by establishing "a state hospital managed by women, and doctored by women"

once declared her own most important achievement, after raising her son, to e what she'd accomplished to make "the pains and risk of childbearing less for hundreds of women in st. helens hospitals"

22

Goodrich

inspector of training schools for the new york state department

established the united states student nurse reserve, more commonly known as the army school of nursing

23

Brown

first black female general in the united states army and the first black chief of the us army nurse corps

director of the walter reed army institute of nursing

24

Sanger

american birth control activist

sex educator

founder of the american birth control league

25

Mahoney

first african american to study and work as a professionally trained nurse in the united states

in 1879, the first african american to graduate from an american school of nursing

26

Franklin

1900s founded the national association of colored graduate nurses

27

Jean Watson

theory of human caring

addresses the idea that nurses have existed in every society, and that a caring attitude is transmitted from generation by the culture of the nursing profession as a unique was of coping with its environment

28

Theory of Unitary Human Being's

Marth E Rogers

views nursing as both a science and an art

purpose of nurses is to promote health and well-being for all persons wherever they are

strongly influenced by an early grounding in arts, as well as a background in science and interest in space

29

Health promotion Model

Nola Pender

defines health as a positive dynamic state rather than simply the absence of disease

directed at increasing a patients level of well being

describes the multidimensional nature of a persons as they interact within their environment to pursue health

focuses on three areas : individual characteristics and experiences, behavior specific cognitions and affect, and behavioral outcomes

30

NPO

nothing by mouth

31

PO

by mouth

32

AC

before meals

33

PC

after meals

34

HS

at bedtime

35

NKA

no known allergies

36

BID

twice a day

37

TID

three times a day

38

IVP

IV push

39

IV

intravenous

40

BM

bowel movement

41

BP

blood pressure

42

1 tsp

5 ml

43

1 kg

2.2 lbs

44

1 oz

30 ml

45

drug calculations formula

desired/hand x form

46

ethnocentrism

judging another culture solely by the values and standards of one's own culture

47

ethnicity

characteristics of a group of people thought to have common ancestry who share a distinctive culture

48

race

a large group of people distinguished from others on the basis of common physical characteristics, such as skin color or hair type

49

culture

the non-biological or social aspects of human life : basically anything that is learned by humans is part of this

50

acculturation

the process of adopting the cultural traits or social patterns of another group

51

The patient bill of rights

in the early 1970's, the american hospital association drafted this so people would know what they could reasonably expect when they are hospitalized

52

nursing process

five steps

1. assessing: collect data, organize, organize, validate, and document data

2. diagnosing: analyze data, identify health problems, risks, and strengths, formulate diagnostic statements

3. planning: prioritize problems/diagnoses, formulate goals/desired outcomes, select nursing interventions, write nursing interventions

4. implementing: reassess the client, determine the nurse's need for assistance, implement the nursing intervention, supervise delegated care, document nursing activities

5. evaluating: collect data related to outcomes, compare data with outcomes, relate nursing actions to client goals/outcomes, draw conclusions about problem status, continue, modify, or terminate the client's care plan

53

primary source

client/family

54

secondary source

physical exam, nursing history, team members, lab reports, diagnostic tests, etc,

55

subjective

from the client - "i have a headache"

56

objective

observable data - blood pressure - sign