Cardiovascular Flashcards


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created 11 days ago by YumikoKono
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1

DCM

mc; idiopathic or Enterovirus

LV dil, pulm. edema

salt/fluid restrict

implant. defib. if EF < 35%

2

HCM

sudden death in young adults after exert; dyspnea

murmur: incr = stand, decr = squat

asymm. wall thick

BB

3

RCM

amyloidosis

Kussmaul's sign

marked dil. (Echo) low volt (EKG)

4

L-side HF (lungs)

R-side HF (road)

mc/c: CAD & HTN

mc/c: L-side HF
DX: ele. BNP

TX: ACEi, fluid/Na restrict & Lasix

5

AV

where heart block originates

90% supply RCA

PR interval: reflects conduct. through AV node --> 3-5 sm. sq.

6

Sick sinus syndrome

elderly --> sinus pause < 3 sec

7

AFib

irreg. irreg. w/o discrete P waves; 400-600 bpm

elderly, excess. EtOH use --> leading cause of thrombosis

Metoprolol or Diltiazem

< 48 hrs --> DCCV

> 48 hrs --> anticoag --> cardioversion

8

AFlutter

sawtooth pattern

COPD --> cardioversion

9

new LBBB

MI equivalant

10

WPW

Bundle of Kent; delta wave

11

TdP

Polymorphic VTach

IV Mag sulfate

12

VFib

emerg --> CPR & defib.

13

ASD

ostium secundum; L --> R shunt; wide split S2

4-5 yo for surg.

14

VSD

wait until SX to close