anatomy ankle,leg,and foot

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created 7 years ago by Ali_Steph
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updated 7 years ago by Ali_Steph
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1

Muscles controlling the feet are in the:

the leg

2

Tendons cross ankle and also

cover long distances

3

the leg is:

Vulnerable to injuries

4

muscles controling the feet can be ______?

Affected by posture

5

Movements of the leg are

dorsiflexion, plantarflexion, inversion, eversion, pronation, supination

6

Comment

Crosses from the anterolateral side of leg to medial side of foot

7

Referral Area

Anterior ankle
Dorsal phalanx of great toe

8

Manual Therapy

Stripping

9

Tibialis Anterior- origin

Anterolateral Shaft of Tibia

10

Tibialis Anterior-insertion

Base of 1st Metatarsal and 1st Cuneiform Bones

11

Tibialis Anterior-action

ANKLE- Dorsiflexion Inversion

** DROP FOOT

12

Extensor Hallicus Longus- action

Extension of Big Toe ANKLE- Assists Dorsiflexion

13

Peroneus Longus Comment

Fibularis is sometimes use in place of peroneus
Goes UNDER foot, Around Lateral Malleolus

14

Peroneus Longus Referral Area

Lateral calf around lateral malleolus

15

Peroneus Longus Manual Therapy

Compression

16

Peroneus Longus Origin-

Head of Fibula Proximal 2/3 of lateral fibula

17

Peroneus Longus insertion-

Base of 1st Metatarsal & 1st Cuneiform (Plantar surface)

18

Peroneus Longus action-

Eversion Assist Plantar Flex

19

Peronius Brevis origin-

Lateral Distal Shaft of Fibula

20

Peronius Brevis insertion-

Base of 5th Metatarsal

21

Peronius Brevis action-

Eversion Assist Plantar Flexion

22

Extensor Digitorum Longus action-

Lateral Muscle
Extends digits 2-5 Ankle Dorsiflexion

23

Triceps Surae

Gastrocnemius
Soleus
Plantaris

24

Gastrocnemius Comment-

Crosses both the knee and ankle joints
Can only be stretched with knee straight

25

Gastrocnemius Referral Area-

Bellies of the muscle
Medial surface of ankle
Longitudinal arch

26

Gastrocnemius Manual Therapy-

Compression
Stripping

27

Gastrocnemius origin-

Posterior condyles of Femur

28

Gastrocnemius insertion

Calcaneus via Achilles Tendon

29

Gastrocnemius action

Plantar Flexion Knee Flexion

30

Soleus Comment

Trigger point is most common cause of heel pain

31

Soleus Referral Area

Over Achilles tendon to plantar surface of heel

32

Soleus origin-

Posterior Tibia Posterior Fibula Soleal Line

33

Soleus insertion-

Calcaneus via Achilles Tendon

34

Soleus action-

Plantar Flexion **DEEP to Gastroc

35

Plantaris origin-

Lateral Epicondyle of Femur

36

Plantaris insertion-

Calcaneus via Achilles Tendon

37

Plantaris action-

Plantar Flexion Knee Flexion

**LIES BETWEEN Gastroc and Soleus

38

Popliteus origin-

Lateral Condyle of Femur

39

Popliteus insertion-

Posterior Proximal Shaft of Tibia

40

Popliteus action-

Knee Flexion (Weak, just begins)
Medial Rotation Knee

41

Tibialis Posterior origin-

Posterior Tibia Posterior Fibula

42

Tibialis Posterior insertion-

Navicular (Plantar) Cuneiform 1-3 Cuboid  (5 tarsals)
Base of Metatarsals 2-4

43

Tibialis Posterior action-

Plantar Flexion Inversion

44

Flexor Digitorum Longus action-

Posterior Muscle
A- Flexes Digits 2-5
at DIP, PIP, MP Plantar Flexion

45

Flexor Hallicus Longus

Posterior Muscle
A- Flexion of Hallux
Some… Plantar Flexion
Inversion
Arch Support

46

What muscle is nicknamed "the key that unlocks the knee"

popliteus

47

What muscle in the knee goes from lateral to medial?

popliteus

48

tendon sheaths are heald down by what?

Rectinaclum

49

plantar dorsiflection is at the

Talocrual joint

50

inversion/eversion is at the

Subtalar joint

51

inversion

you put your feet outward (taking them away from the midline)

52

eversion

you put your feet inward (bringing them in towards the midline)

53

tibias anterior can cause pain to the ________ and ______?

ankle and toe

54

extensor hallicus longus is what to tibias anterior?
(a)deep
(b)superficial

(A)deep

55

extensor hallicus longus is a ______ in ankle dorsiflection.

Synergist

56

hallux

big toe

57

pollux

thumb

58

this is the first muscle that you should think of when your client has pronated feet?

Peroneus longus

59

this muscle is a true _______ to tibias anterior

Antagonist

60

crual-

leg(knee and ankle)

61

Sural-

posterior leg (calf)

62

calcaneal tendon is pertaining to the

calcaneus

63

gastrocnemius is _____ and _____.

short and tight

64

souleus is ____ to what muscle ______.

Deep
Gastroc

65

what muscle is the number one cause of heel pain?

Soleus

66

the souleus is the _______ mover of plantar flexion?

Prime mover

67

this muscle is most likely to tare at the ________ junction?

muscletendonosis

68

triceps surae is also part of _________

plantaris

69

7 to 10 percent cause ________ knee pain in what muscle______?

posteror
plantarius

70

popliteus goes from _____to______?

medial lateral

71

the nickname for this muscle is "the key that unlocks the knee"

Popliteus

72

T.P(tibialis posterior) is a _________ to T.A(tibialis anterior)@ the subtalor joint

Synergist

73

this muscle is the deepist muscle in the posterior leg and cannot be palpated.

Tibialis Anterior

74

this muscle activates when moving?

tibialis Anterior

75

T.P(tibialis posterior) is a _______ to T.A (tibialis anterior) @ the tabcrunal joint

Antagonist

76

this muscle flexes everything but the big toe?

Flexor Digitorium Longus