American History Midterm Flashcards
Eli Whitney is a major figure in American technology for introducing
the concept of interchangeable parts.
As commander of the Continental Army, George Washington
was admired, respected, and trusted by nearly all Patriots.
In 1766, in response to colonial protests against the Stamp Act, the British government
rescinded the Stamp Act.
African and American Indian societies tended to be matrilineal, which meant
people traced their heredity through their mothers.
The writer Washington Irving is best remembered for his works on
Ichabod Crane and Rip Van Winkle.
Seventeenth-century English colonial settlements
were essentially business enterprises.
The English concluded from their colonial experiences in Ireland that
English colonists should maintain a rigid separation from the indigenous population.
In the Battle of Bunker Hill,
the British suffered heavy casualties.
The religious concept of deism
incorporated science and reason into religious faith.
In the "triangular trade," the North American colonies primarily contributed
In its beginning, the Maryland colony
was a refuge for English Catholics.
Alexander Hamilton's plan for the federal government to assume state debts was passed by Congress after a deal was made to
locate the nation's capital between Virginia and Maryland.
Seventeenth-century southern plantations
tended to be rough and relatively small.
The New York colony
emerged after a struggle between the English and the Dutch.
The preeminent European maritime power in the fifteenth century was
Which event, more than any other, convinced George Washington that the Articles of Confederation needed to be revised?
Colonial protests against the Townshend Duties resulted in
many colonists joining in nonimportation agreements.
Georgia was founded
to create a military barrier against the Spanish.
In the Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions, it was asserted that
states had the right to nullify federal laws.
Jay's Treaty (1794)
avoided a likely war with England.
A leading figure of the Great Awakening, Jonathan Edwards preached
highly orthodox Puritan ideas.
The first American college was
The Boston Massacre
was transformed by some colonists into a symbol of British oppression.
The Ordinances of 1784 and 1785 represented an attempt to
provide for the admission of new states into the union.
The "Virginia Resolves" stated that
anyone who supported the right of Parliament to tax was an enemy of the colony.
In 1814, the British
seized Washington and set fire to the presidential mansion.
In the 1790s, those who were labeled Republicans envisioned developing a nation that would
be largely agricultural and rural.
When the House of Burgesses was created in Virginia in 1619,
colonists were given a share of local political representation.
Federalists controlled the new government under the Constitution for its first
Cahokia was a large trading center located near what present-day city?
The British military campaigns of 1777 saw
General John Burgoyne suffer a major defeat at Saratoga.
The cultivation of tobacco around Jamestown resulted in all the following EXCEPT
improved relations with the local Indians.
Between 1608 and 1609, Captain John Smith strengthened the Jamestown settlement by
imposing work and order on the colonists.
The chief designer of the capital city of Washington was
An encomienda was
the right to exact tribute and labor from natives.
Following the American Revolution, the first state to make slavery illegal was
Taverns were important in the growth of revolutionary sentiment because
they become central meeting places to discuss ideas about resistance.
In the seventeenth century, the great majority of English immigrants who came to the Chesapeake region were
Many colonists believed the legislation passed by the Grenville ministry in 1764-1765
meant the British were trying to take away their tradition of self-government.
The battle at Yorktown involved
a combined French and American army and navy.
Eighteenth-century Enlightenment thought
suggested that people had considerable control over their own lives.
In the final phase (1778-81) of the American Revolution, the British
badly overestimated the support of American Loyalists.
The first permanent English settlement in the New World was established in
According to the terms of the Peace of Paris of 1763,
France ceded Canada and all of its claims to land east of the Mississippi River, except New Orleans, to Great Britain.
An important consequence of the defeat of the Spanish Armada was that
England found the seas more open to their control.
In Puritan New England, participation in town meetings was limited to
adult males who were church members.
John Marshall was
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court at the time of Marbury v. Madison.
The English Reformation resulted from
a political dispute between King Henry VIII and the Catholic Church.
By the 1750s, American colonial assemblies
exercised a significant degree of authority to levy taxes.
During the War of 1812, the Battle of the Thames
saw Tecumseh killed while a brigadier general in the British army.
The English Parliament enacted the Navigation Acts primarily to benefit
British business and merchants.
The development of the Carolina colony was notable in that
the northern and southern regions were economically and socially distinct from each other.
Under the treaty terms for the Louisiana Purchase,
the land boundaries were not clearly defined.
During its first year in North America, the Plymouth colony
survived in large part due to assistance from Indians.
When George Washington crossed the Delaware River on Christmas night, 1776, he was intent on surprising
The "XYZ Affair"
led to an undeclared war between the United States and France.
As the fighting in the final phase (1778-81) of the American Revolution carried into communities previously isolated from the war,
support for independence greatly increased.
The proposed Albany Plan of 1754
revealed the difficulties colonies had in cooperating with each other.
Compared to women in colonial Chesapeake, New England women
were more likely to have their family remain intact.
The Proclamation of 1763
was supported by many Indian tribes.
The invention of the cotton gin in the late eighteenth century
had a profound effect on the textile industry in New England.
At the Battle of Horseshoe Bend, in 1814, Andrew Jackson
viciously broke the resistance of the Creek.
What factor is believed to have dramatically reduced New World native populations after contact with Europeans?
As president, George Washington
avoided personal involvement with the deliberations of Congress.
The presidential campaign in 1800
was notable for the sensational personal slandering of both candidates.
The term "middle passage" refers to the movement of enslaved Africans
from Africa to the New World.
Native American religions were closely linked to
the natural world.
Financing the Revolution was difficult for the American side because
hard currency was scarce.
The achievement of the "Great Compromise" of the Constitutional Convention of 1787 was its resolution of the problem regarding
The Monroe Doctrine declared that
European powers should not engage in new colonization of the American continents.
One cause of the Panic of 1819 was
new management practices within the Bank of the United States.
In McCullough v. Maryland (1819), the Supreme Court confirmed the
"implied powers" of Congress.
In the early nineteenth century, life in the western territories was characterized by
frequent mobility of the population.
Andrew Jackson's presidential victory in 1828 was
decisive but sectional.
Between 1800 and 1820, the population of the United States
In 1819, the Adams-Onis Treaty dealt with the American purchase of
After the War of 1812, it was clear that the United States needed an improved
internal transportation system.
The so-called "corrupt bargain" of 1824 involved
a political deal to determine the outcome of the presidential election.
The Missouri Compromise of 1819
maintained the nation's equal number of slave and free states.
By the 1770s, the two largest port cities in colonial North America were
Philadelphia and New York.