Sociology in Action: Key Terms Flashcards


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Sociology in Action
Chapters 1-14
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1

Instead of assuming that people’s actions are determined solely by personal choice, looking for the ways that society shapes those choices

Strange in the familiar

2

Broader social patterns that are reflected in the actions of individuals

General in the particular

3

Society’s expectations for how we are supposed to act, think, and look

Norms

4

Behaviours, appearances, and thoughts that corresponds to society’s norms

Normative

5

Level of individual experiences and choices

Micro level

6

Level of broader social forces

Macro level

7

People’s capacity to make choices, which then have an impact on other people and on the society in which they live

Agency

8

Opportunities an individual has in life based on various factors, including stratification, inequality, race, ethnicity, and gender

Life chances

9

Systematic study of society using the sociological imagination

Sociology

10

Ability to perceive the interconnections between individual experiences and larger sociocultural forces

Sociological imagination

11

Data collection that produces verifiable findings and is carried out using systematic procedures

Empirical methods

12

Set of propositions intended to explain a fact or a phenomenon

Theory

13

Approach to theorizing that emphasizes explanation and prediction

Positivist

14

Approach to theorizing that focuses on the ways people come to understand themselves, others, and the world around them

Interpretive

15

Approach to theorizing that explores the role power plays in social processes and emphasizes the importance of knowledge being tied emancipation

Critical

16

Inteded function of one of society’s structures

Manifest functions

17

Unintended function of one of society’s structures

Latent functions

18

Collectively shared criteria by which we determine whether something is right or wrong

Values

19

One of society’s structures no longer fulfills it function effectively

Dysfunctional

20

Feeling of normlessness

Anomie

21

In Marxist conflict theory, the owners of the means of production

Bourgeoisie

22

In Marxist conflict theory, the people who work for the owners of the means of production

Proletariat

23

Responsibility that scholars have to provide subordinated and marginated groups in society with the knowledge they need to be able to end their powerlessness

Praxis

24

People who are important to us

Significant others

25

Overall sense of people’s expectations

Generalized other

26

System of ideas and political practices based on the principle that women are human beings equal to men

Feminism

27

Legal and/or social power that is vested in males

Patriarchy

28

Male-centred, failing to account for women’s experiences

Androcentric

29

Ways of funderstanding a particular subject or social phenomenon

Discourses