Bontrager's Textbook of Radiographic Positioning and Related Anatomy: Comp questions Flashcards


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1

LUMBAR

ANSWERS

2

what is the centering point for the Lumbar spine AP view?

At the level iliac crest

3
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What is the centering point for the Lumbar spine oblique

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1/1/2 inches above the iliac crest

4

What is the body rotation for the lumbar spine oblique?

45 degrees

5

what is the centering point for the lateral view of L5-S1?

2 inches posterior to the asis and 1/1/2 inches inferior to the iliac crest

6

What is the cr angulation for L5-S1?

5-8 degrees caudad

7

Which view of the lumbar spine demonstrates right zygapophyseal joint

RPO

8

AN abdominal lateral curvature of the spine is known as

scoliosis

9

Which view of the lumbar spine demonstrate intervertebral foramina

lateral position

10

COCCYX AND SACRUM

ANSWERS

11

What is the centering point for the AP Axial projection of the Sacrum?

2 inches above the pubic symphysis

12

what is the CR angulation for the AP Axial projection of the coccyx

10 degrees caudad

13

what is the CR angulation for the AP Axial projection of the sacrum

15 degrees Cephalad

14

What is the centering point for the AP Axial projection of the coccyx

2 inches superior to the pubic symphysis.

15

Where do you center for the lateral position of the coccyx?

3.5 inches posterior to ASIS. and 2 inches inferior to ASIS.

16

Lateral sacrum and coccyx

3-4 inches posterior to AISS and center for sacrum

17
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Identify the following structures on a lateral radiograph of the sacrum and coccyx?

Sciatic notches

L5-S1 joint

Coccyx

sacrum

...

18

THORACIC SPINE

ANSWERS

19

which view of the spine best demonstrates scoliosis?

PA projection of the thoracolumbar vertebral column

20

Which projection of the thoracic spine best demonstrates kyphosis

Lateral projection of the thoracic vertebral column

21

How much rotation required for the oblique projection pf the thoracic spine

20 degrees

22

Which position of the thoracic spine best demonstrates the intervertebral foramina?

lateral position

23

Which view of the thoracic spine demonstrates the zygapophyseal joints on the left side

LAO

24

Abnormal lateral curvature of the spine is know as

scoliosis

25

Exaggerated thoracic curvature is known

kyphosis

26
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Identify the following structures on a thoracic spine

spinous process

transverse process

vertebral foramen

lamina

pedicle

vertebral body

...

27

ELBOW

ANSWERS

28

How is the patient's elbow positioned for an AP projection of the elbow if the patient cannot extend the elbow

two AP projections (partially flexed) one with humerous parallel to IR and one with a forearm parallel to IR.

29

Which routine view of the elbow best demonstrates the radial head free of superimposition on the ulna

AP oblique with lateral rotation

30

which routine view of the elbow best demonstrate the olecranon process

lateral

31

Which oblique view of the elbow best demonstrates the coronoid process

Elbow AP oblique medial ( internal) rotation

32
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How are the patient's hand and elbow positioned for the Coly method to demonstrate radial head

Elbow flexed 90 degrees, hand pronated,

CR: 45 degrees cephalad (toward the shoulder)

this Coyle method projection is for demonstrating fractures of the radial head

33
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How are the patient's hand and elbow positioned for the Coyle method to demonstrate the coronoid process?

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Elbow flexed 80 degrees, hand prone

CR: 45 degrees caudad ( away from shoulder)

shoe fracture in the coronoid process.

34

ANKLE

ANSWER

35

How much rotation of the leg is required for an AP oblique projection of the ankle

45 degrees

medially

36

How do you position the foot for Mortise's view of the ankle

15-20 degrees medially

37

what is the centering point for an A[P projection of the ankle

midway between malleoli

38

for which view of the ankle the intermalleolar line is placed parallel to ir

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AP oblique projection of the ankle

39
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name a fracture that involves the complete fracture of the distal fibula and distal tibia ( medial malleolus)

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POTT's fracture