Human Anatomy & Physiology: Test 3 Flashcards
Presence or absence of a joint space and the type of connective tissue that binds the bones together make what?
Structure of joints
What is an immovable joint classified as?
What is a slightly movable joint classified as?
What is a freely movable joint classified as?
What is an example of synarthrosis?
What kind of joint does not have a synovial cavity, the bone is held together very tightly by fibrous connective tissue and has permit little or no movement?
Once fused by bone tissue is called what?
Ligament connecting bone to bone is called?
Socket for teeth in maxilla and mandible and has the periodontal ligament is called what?
Where are examples of Interosseous membranes?
Joints held together with very short, interconnecting fibers, and bone edges interlock. Is found only in the skull.
Joint held together by a ligament. Fibrous tissue can vary in length, but is longer than in sutures
What does not have a synovial cavity, allows little or no movement and the bones are connected by hyaline cartilage or fibrocartilage?
Symphysis pubis and intervertebral joints are examples of what kind of joints?
What does contain a joint space called the synovial cavity and the cavity allows the joint to be freely moveable?
What makes up a synovial joint?
Fibrous joint capsule
What is the most common type of joint in the body?
What is the function of a synovial joint?
To lubricate the surfaces
Provide nutrients and remove wastes from the chondrocytes (Cartilage is avascular)
Contains small amount of phaygocytic cells
Thin film that covers the surfaces of the articular capsule and hyaline cartilage. Is secreted by the synovial membrane and has Hyaluronic acid. The interstitial fluid filtered from plasma is called what?
What kind of ligament lies outside the fibrous capsule?
What is an example of an Extracapsular ligament?
Tibial collateral(medial) and fibular collateral(lateral) ligaments
What kind of ligament lies within the fibrous capsule but are excluded from the synovial cavity by folds of the synovial membrane?
What is an example of an intracapsular ligament?
Anterior and posterior ligaments of the knee
What is inside some synovial joints, pads of fibrocartilage that lie between the articular surfaces of the bones, are attached to the fibrous capsule and allow two bones of different shapes to fit more tightly?
What have saclike structures placed so as to reduce friction, are found where skin and muscles rub over bone, knee and shoulder and resembles joint capsules in that their outer surface is fibrous tissue and the inner surface consists of a synovial membrane that secretes synovial fluid?
Bursa and Tendon sheaths
What is underneath the deltoid muscle?
A structure that retains an organ or tissue in place is called what?
Connective tissue sites where muscle attaches to bone is called what?
The specific site where muscle or ligament attach to bone is called what?
What kind of joint is between the navicular and second and third cuneiforms of tarsus in the foot?
What kind of joint is between the trochlea of humerus and trochlear notch of the ulna at the elbow?
What kind of joint is between the head of radius and radial notch of ulna?
What kind of joint is between the radius and scaphoid and lunate bones of carpus?
What kind of joint is between the trapezium of carpus and metacarpal of thumb?
What kind of joint is between head of femur and acetabulum of hip bone?
What has three joints in one?
What is the largest and most complex joint in the body?
What is the most commonly injured joint of the body?
The femoropatellar, Lateral and medial Tibiofemoral are what kind of joints?
In what kind f joint is the stability sacrificed in favor of mobility?
What articulates between head of femur and acetabulum of pelvis?
The humerus and ulna are examples of what kind of joint?
The temporomandibular joint is and example of what kind of joint?