Chapter 17: Chapter quiz (practice) Flashcards


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1

A healthy adult male has approximately __________ liters of blood.

5–6

2

A major plasma protein that maintains the blood osmotic pressure is __________.

albumin

3

Diapedesis refers to __________.

the movement of leukocytes from blood vessels into tissue spaces

4

Granulocytes do NOT include __________.

monocytes

5

Mature red blood cells in the circulating blood are filled primarily with __________.

hemoglobin molecules

6

Pernicious anemia may result from __________.

the lack of vitamin B12 in the diet or a deficiency of the intrinsic factor needed to absorb vitamin B12

7

The final step in clot formation is __________.

fibrinogen → fibrin

8

The most numerous leukocyte is the __________.

neutrophil

9

The terms biconcave and anucleated apply to __________.

red blood cells

10

Which leukocytes contain histamine in their granules?

basophils

11

Which of the following is a protective function of blood?

preventing infection

12

Which of the following statements about platelets is INCORRECT?

The life span of platelets is between 30 and 60 days.

13

Which property do white blood cells (WBCs) have in common?

WBCs are nucleated and have a protective function.

14

Individuals with malaria have a better chance of surviving the infection if they have which type of anemia?

sickle-cell anemia

15

Which of the following types of white blood cells kills parasitic worms and plays a role in the body’s response to allergens and asthma?

eosinophils

16

Which of the following is a function of neutrophils?

to phagocytize bacteria

17

Which of the following is a function of erythrocytes?

to transport oxygen and carbon dioxide

18

Mast cells are most similar to which type of leukocyte?

basophils

19

Which of the following is a function of lymphocytes?

to destroy virus-containing cells

20

The percentage of total volume used to determine the number of erythrocytes in a blood sample is referred to as the __________.

hematocrit

21

The buffy coat that appears after a sample of blood has been centrifuged contains __________.

WBCs and platelets

22

Which of the following factors has the greatest effect on making RBCs very efficient oxygen transporters?

They generate ATP by anaerobic mechanisms and do not consume any of the oxygen they carry.

23

Another term for reduced hemoglobin is __________.

deoxyhemoglobin

24

Which type of anemia results from the destruction or inhibition of the red marrow by drugs, chemicals, ionizing radiation, or viruses?

aplastic anemia

25

The process of actively metabolizing oxygen by neutrophils to produce bleach and hydrogen to kill bacteria is known as __________.

the respiratory burst

26

Which of the following substances is responsible for limiting a platelet plug to the immediate area of damage?

prostacyclin

27

Erythroblastosis fetalis is caused by __________.

an Rh incompatibility between an Rh mother and her Rh+ baby during pregnancy

28

Which term describes a clot that develops and persists in an unbroken blood vessel?

thrombus

29

Eighty-five percent of Americans carry the __________ Rh agglutinogen on their RBCs.

D

30

Which antibodies would be found in the serum of a person with AB blood?

neither anti-A nor anti-B antibodies