journalism semester 1 final review Flashcards


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1

AP format paragraph

1-4 sentences

2

AP format sentences

no "can't," "won't," etc.

3

AP format attribution

"quote," name said.

4

AP format comma

NO Oxford comma

5

AP format numbers

spell out numbers one through nine

numerals for numbers higher than nine (10, 20, 25, etc.)

6

AP format date

day, month + date, year

(Thursday, January 13, 2022)

7

AP format time

no colons for time on the hour (not 8:00, instead 8 am/pm)

8

AP format dates/standings

use "st," "nd," "rd," etc.

9

AP format months

abbreviate months (Jan., Feb., etc.)

10

AP format titled works

use quotation marks around titled works ("Romeo and Juliet," "The Great Gatsby," etc.)

11

caption

1. the 5Ws

2. extra info

3. direct quote

4. cutline (photo credit)

12

libel

PUBLISHED falsehood

13

headline

"title" of passage

14

lede

the 5 Ws

15

attribution

credit to source

16

hard news

"important" news

17

soft news

entertaining news

18

byline

who wrote the article

19

editorialize

expressing an opinion

20

prior review

consent to publish

21

cutline

additional context

22

false light

portraying someone unflatteringly

23

slander

SPOKEN falsehood

24

appropriation

unauthorized use of someone's name for money

25

copy

primary content

26

transcription

transferring audio to words

27

bleed

extra space around page for room to print

28

dominant element

draws attention to the reader

29

gutter

space between the spread

30

proof

copy of final pages

31

folio

page numbering

32

ladder

the "chart" in the yearbook

33

rule of thirds

leaving 2/3rds of space in the picture open

34

leading lines/framing

positioned lines to frame the picture

35

white space

"breathing room" for the action shot

36

preparing for pictures

turn on camera grid, clean lens, steady camera, burst photos, portrait mode

37

inverted pyramid

1. lede

2. body

3. tail

38

active voice

noun did verb

39

passive voice

verb was done by noun

40

topic

being talked about

41

angle

POV

42

objective

opinion

43

action shot

primary source of picture is in frame

44

reaction shot

primary source of picture is out of frame