john wick fortnite Flashcards


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1

Law

The set of rules and standards by which a society governs itself.

2

Judicial Review

the power of the supreme court to declare laws and actions of local, state, or national governments unconstitutional.

3

Unconstitutional

non consistent with a nation's constitution.

4

Impartial

unbiased

5

Criminal trial courts

hears cases about crimes like burglary, murder, or driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs.

6

Civil trial courts

hears cases where one person or group thinks another person or group should pay for causing them.

7

Original Jurisdiction

the authority of a trial court to be the first to hear a case.

8

Adversarial System

a trial system that is a contest between opposing sides.

9

Plaintiff

in a civil trial, the person who brings suit in court.

10

Prosecutor

an attorney who represents the government in a criminal case.

11

Defendant

The person against whom a civil or criminal suit is brought in court

12

Jury

A group of citizens who hear evidence during a trial and give a verdict

13

Public defender

Attorney who works for the state and defends people who cannot afford a private attorney

14

Plea bargain

An agreement whereby a defendant pleads guilty to a lesser crime than the one with which a defendant was originally charged and in return the government agrees not to prosecute the defendant for the more serious crime

15

Grand jury

a group that hears charges against a suspect and decides whether there is sufficient evidence to bring that person to trial

16

Indictment

a formal charge of criminal action by a grand jury

17

Error of law

a mistake by a judge as to the applicable law in a case

18

Procedural due process

The fair administration of justice

19

Majority opinion

States the decision of the court

20

Dissenting opinion

a document issued by judges who disagree with the majority opinion

21

Concurring opinion

a document issued by judges who agree with the majority of opinion but for different reasons than those used to support the majority opinion; the view expressed by justices who agree with the outcome, but not with all the reasoning

22

Precedent

a legal principle created by an appellate court decision that lower court judges must follow when deciding similar cases.

23

Regional circuits

the divisions under the United States Federal Court Systems, grouped into 12 regional circuits, each of which has a federal court of appeals, also called the a U.S. Circuit Court

24

Symbolic Speech

the use of actions and symbols, in addition to or instead of words,to express ideas

25

Obscenity

anything that treats sex or nudity in an offensive or lewd manner, violates recognized standards of decency and lacks serious literary, artistic, political, or scientific value

26

Defamation

false expression that injures a person's reputation

27

Slander

false speech that damages a person's reputation

28

Libel

false written or published statements that damage a person's reputation

29

Seditious Speech

speech urging the resistance to lawful authority or advocating the overthrow of the government.

30

Censorship

the act of governments the use of publications or productions they find offensive or contrary to their own interests.l