Pearson Chapter 1 Flashcards


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1

a-, an-, in-

without/ negative

example: a/men/orrhoea: without monthly flow

2

ab-

from, away from

ex: ab/normal: away from normal

3

ad-, ac-, as-, at-

to toward

ex: ad/duct: carry toward

4

ante-

before, in front

example: ante/natal: before birth

5

anti, ant

against

anti/bacteri/al: pertaining to against bacteria

6

bi-

two

example: bi/lateral: two sides

7

bio-

life

example: bio/ology: study of life

8

brachy-

slow

ex: bracy/dactylism: short fingers/toes

9

brady-

slow

ex: brady/cardia: slow heart rate

10

centi-

hundred

ex: centi/meter: one one hundredth of a mete

11

cicum-

around

ex; circum/cis/ion: cutting around

12

co-, com-, con-,

with, together

ex: con/genital: born with

13

contra-

against

ex: contra/indicated: against indication

14

de-

down from

ex: de/hydrate: lose water

15

dextro-

right

ex: dextr/o/gastria: stomach displaced to the right

16

dia-

through

ex: dia/rrhea: flow through

17

dis-

apart

ex: dis/sect: to cut apart

18

dys-

bad/ difficult

ex: dys/pnea: difficult breathing

19

e-, ex-

out, out from

ex: ex/cise: to cut out

20

ecto-, exp-, extra-

outside

EX: extra/corpor/eal: pertaining to outside the body

21

en-

in,on

ex: en/capsulated: in a capsule

22

end-, endo-

within

ex: endos/copy: visualization within

23

eu-

good

ex: eu/phonic: good sound

24

hemi-, semi-

half

EX: hemi. /gastr/ectomy: sugical removal of half the stomach.

25

hyper-

over, above

EX: hyper/kinetic: overactive

26

hypo-

under, below

ex: hypo/glossal: under the tongue

27

infra-

beneath

ex: infra/mammary: beneath the breast

28

inter-

between

EX: inter/cellular: between the cells

29

intra-

within

ex: intra/crani/al: pertaining to within the cranium

30

kilo-

thousand

ex: kilo/gram: one thousand grams

31

macro-

large

macro/cyte: large cell

32

mal-

bad

ex: mal/nutrition: bad nourishment

33

mes-

middle

ex: mes/entry: middle of intestine

34

meta-

after, beyond

ex: meta/carpals; beyond the carpals

35

micro-

small

ex: micro/cephal/ic: having a small head

36

milli-

one one thousandth

ex: milli/liter: one one thousandth of a liter

37

multi-

many

ex: multi/para: one who has many children

38

neo-

new

Ex: neo/plasm: new growth

39

oligo-

scanty, few

EX: oligo/uria: scanty amount of urine

40

onc-

tumor

ex: onc/ology: study of tumors

41

para-

beside

ex: para/median: beside the median

42

per-

through

ex: per/cutaneous: through the skin

43

poly-

much, many

ex: poly/cystic: having many cysts

44

peri-

around

EX: peri/tonsillar: around the tonsil

45

post-

after

ex: post/mortem: after death

46

pre-

before

EX: pre/nat/al: pertaining to before birth

47

presby-

old

ex: presby/opia: old vision

48

primi-

first

Ex: primi/gravida: women in first pregnancy

49

pro-

before

ex: pro/gnosis: foreknowledge, prediction of outcome

50

re-

back again

ex: re/generat: produce or develop again

51

retro-

behind

ex: retro/stern/al: pertaining to behind the sternum

52

sub-

under below

ex: sub/lingu/al: pertaining to under the tongue

53

super-, supra-

above

ex: supra/pelvic: above the pelvis

54

syn-, sym-

with, together

ex: syn/ergism: working together

55

tachy-

fast

ex: tachy/phasia: fast speech

56

trans-

across, beyond

ex: trans/urethr/al: pertaining to across the urethra

57

tri-

three

ex: tri/germinal: having three beginnings/origins

58

uni-

one

ex: uni/lateral: one side