Anatomy and Physiology 2 Wiley Chapter 18 Flashcards


Set Details Share
created 7 weeks ago by meltyxoxo
4 views
updated 6 weeks ago by meltyxoxo
show moreless
Page to share:
Embed this setcancel
COPY
code changes based on your size selection
Size:
X
Show:
1

Which of the following is NOT a function of a hormone?

produces electrolytes

2

When a hormone is present in excessive levels, the number of target cell-receptors may decrease. This is called

down regulation

3

Differences between endocrine and exocrine glands include

both a and b

4

Which of the choices below is a type of hormone that acts on neighboring cells without entering the bloodstream?

both 1 and 2

5

Which of the following is a group of lipid-soluble hormones derived from cholesterol?

A and B

6

Which of the following is an eicosanoid?

1. Prostaglandin

2. Leukotriene

3. Glycoprotein

both 1 and 2

7

An individual with a deficiency in fatty acid intake might have difficulty producing which type of hormones?

eicosanoid hormones

8

Which of the following statements correctly compares water-soluble hormones with lipid-soluble hormones?

only water-soluble hormones use second messengers

9

when one hormone opposes the actions of another hormone, it is called a(n)

antagonistic effect

10

Which of the following is NOT a common method of stimulating hormone secretion from an endocrine cell?

mechanical stretching of the endocrine cell

11

What controls hormone release from the anterior pituitary gland?

hormones released from the hypothalamus

12

How are most hormones released?

in short bursts with little or no secretion between bursts

13

Which of the following anterior pituitary hormones stimulates general body growth?

somatotropin

14

Which of the following anterior pituitary hormones stimulates milk production?

prolactin

15

Which of the following anterior pituitary hormones stimulates the adrenal cortex to secrete cortisol?

adrenocorticotrophic hormone

16

Which of the following anterior pituitary hormones stimulates the gonads to secrete progesterone and/or testosterone?

luteinizing hormone

17

Which type of anterior pituitary cell secretes melanocytes stimulating hormone (MSH)?

Corticotrophs

18

Which of the following pairs of hormones are released by the posterior pituitary gland?

oxytocin and antidiuretic hormone

19

The amount of ADH that is released by the posterior pituitary glands varies with

blood osmotic pressure

20

In addition to increasing growth of bones and soft tissues, somatotropin

ABC

21

Which of the following hormones opposes the action of parathyroid hormone?

calcitonin

22

Which of the following statements does NOT describe a step in the synthesis and secretion of T3 and T4?

synthesis of parathyroid hormone

23

Parathyroid hormone is the major regulator of the plasma concentration of which of the following ions?

calcium

24

Which endocrine gland stores its hormonal product for approximately 100 days?

thyroid

25

Which of the following conditions would result from hyposecretion of aldosterone?

dehydration

26

Which of the following is NOT a common effect of glucocorticoid stimulation?

increased production of all types of blood cells

27

Which blood glucose-lowering hormone is produced by the pancreatic islet cells?

insulin

28

Which of the following hormones promotes increases in the basal metabolic rate (BMR)?

thyroid hormone

29

Which of the following hormones are released in response to decreases in blood glucose concentration?

glucagon

30

Which of the following plays key regulatory roles in the body's long-term response to stress?

cortisol, hGH, thyroid hormone

31

Which of the following is NOT a common response of the body to long-term stress?

increased digestive activities

32
card image

Which of the labeled endocrine glands secretes hGH, TSH, FSH and other hormones?

B

33
card image

Which of the labeled endocrine glands secretes hormones that regulate the basal metabolic rate (BMR)?

C

34
card image

Which of the following labeled endocrine glands secretes hormones that regulate blood calcium levels?

B

35
card image

Which of the labeled endocrine glands secretes steroid hormones in response to long-term stress?

H

36

Which of the following is NOT an endocrine gland aging effect?

increase in thymus size

37
card image

Which zone of the adrenal gland secretes aldosterone?

A

38
card image

Which zone of the adrenal gland secretes androgens?

C

39
card image

Which labeled structure in the diagram secretes glucagon?

B

40
card image

Which labeled structure in the diagram secretes a hormone that stimulates events that lower blood glucose concentration?

C

41

Which of the following is an incorrect pairing of a body system and an endocrine contribution to that system?

leptin enhances appetite

42
card image

Which of the following hormones is produced in the zone of the adrenal gland labeled B?

cortisol

43
card image

Which of the following describes a function of a hormone produced in the zone of the adrenal gland labeled B?

enables body to resist stressors and also increases blood glucose

44
card image

Which of the following conditions could potentially result from hyposecretion of a hormone released by the portion of the marked gland in the diaphram?

diabetes insipidus

45
card image

Identify the stalk-like structure labeled A in the diagram

infundibulum

46
card image

The endocrine gland shown in the diagram is found in a depression in the sphenoid bone (marked in the diagram) is called the

hypophyseal fossa

47
card image

Which of the following bones (marked in the diagram) contains a depression which houses the endocrine gland shown in the diagram?

sphenoid bone

48
card image

Which of the following hormones is produced by the cells marked in the thyroid follicle shown in the histology picture?

triidothyronine (T3)

49
card image

What is the major function of the hormone produced by the cells marked in the thyroid follicle shown in the histology picture?

calcitriol

50
card image

Which of the following diseases results when the cells marked in the histology image are destroyed by the immune system?

type 1 diabetes

51
card image

What endocrine abnormality does the individual on the left in the picture of identical twins have?

pituitary gigantism

52
card image

The disorder shown in one of the identical twins seen in this figure is due to a hypersecretion of hormones by which endocrine gland?

pituitary gland

53
card image

The patient shown is suffering from a disease called ___, caused by a pituitary hypersecretion of hGH during adulthood.

Acromegaly

54
card image

Which of the following endocrine disorders is the individual shown in this picture suffering from?

Goiter

55

Hypothyroidism during adulthood can produce which of the following disorders?

myxedema

56

The following is a possible progression of which of the following disorders: Inadequate dietary iodine intake --> low level of thyroid hormone in blood --> increased TSH secretion --> thyroid gland enlargement.

goiter

57

Which of the following is an abnormal condition of excess androgen secretion, observed primarily in women, that is characterized by the presence of excessive body and facial hair in a male pattern?

hirsutism

58

A condition characterized by excessive mammary glands in a male is called

gynecomastia

59
card image

Hypersecretion of a hormone by the endocrine gland marked in the diagram results in a type of depression that affects some people during winter months, when the day length is short. This condition is known as

seasonal affective disorder (SAD)

60
card image

Seasonal affective disorder is due t hypersecretion of which of the following hormones by the endocrine gland marked in the diagram?

melatonin

61
card image

Which of the following hormones is produced by the endocrine gland marked in the diagram?

thymopoietin

62

All prostaglandins are derived from a 20-carbon precursor molecule called

arachiodonic acid

63

Human chorionis gonadotropin (hCG) is produced by the

placenta

64

Leptin is a hormone produced by the

adipose tissue

65

The anterior pituitary develops from which of the following germ layers during embyronic development?

ectoderm

66

The thyroid gland develops from which of the following germ layers during embryonic development?

endoderm

67

The adrenal medulla develops from which of the following germ layers during embryonic development?

ectoderm

68

Endocrine tissues that secrete hormones are derived from

mesoderm

69

Which of the following glands is NOT an endocrine gland?

sebaceous gland

70

Which of the following is NOT a common characteristic of an exocrine gland?

its secretory products are carried in body fluids to distant target cells

71

Since insulin released from the pancreas is carried in the bloodstream to distant target cells, like muscle cells, it is considered to be a(n)

circulating hormone

72

Which of the following is an example of a hormone that is secreted from an endocrine gland in response to a chemical change in the blood?

all of the answer selections are correct

73

All the following hormones are produced and secreted by the ovaries EXCEPT

follicle-stimulating hormone

74

Which of the following is a protein hormone produced by the testes that inhibits secretion of follicle stimulating hormone by the anterior pituitary gland?

inhibin

75
card image

What is the major function of the hormone produced in the cells marked in the thyroid follicle shown in the histology picture?

Involved in regulation of calcium homeostasis