Pharm Final pt. 2 Flashcards
The posterior cavity of the globe is filled with
An artificial plasma-volume expander is:
The formation or presence of a blood clot within the vascular system is termed
Which one of the following agents is a chemical hemostatic?
Which one of the following is used to correct deficiencies in the natural clotting mechanism and may be administered preoperatively or intraoperatively?
Tropicamide (Mydriacyl) is an :
Bone wax is used primarily in which one of the following surgical specialties?
What type of irrigating solution is used during placement of synthetic grafts in cardiovascular surgery to prevent clotting?
Increased intraocular pressure is a characteristic of which one of the following diseases?
Drugs that constrict the pupil by stimulating the iris muscle are called
Normal saline is used for lap sponges and intraperitoneal irrigation because it is:
Which one of the following is a systemic anticoagulant?
Avitene must be applied with a __________ instrument.
Which vitamin serves a vital role in coagulation?
Heparin effects are reversed by:
What types of hemostatics are used on areas of capillary bleeding?
Which common IV fluid is used in the presence of hypovolemia?
dextrose in saline
A surgical patient with blood type AB has a blood type that contains
both A and B antigens
The process in which the patient's own blood is collected, processed, and reinfused during surgery using "cell-saver" technology is:
An absorbable gelatin hemostatic agent that is often soaked in thrombin or epinephrine solution is:
Which one of the following drugs is a mydriatic?
Anterior and posterior chambers are separated by the
Ophthalmic lubricants are generally used to
prevent corneal abrasions while the patient is under general anesthesia.
During ophthalmic surgery, paralysis of the ciliary muscle is achieved by using:
The eye receives stimuli and transmits signals to the brain via which nerve?
Constriction of the pupil results in
Which of the following is not a reason that IV fluids may be ordered?
Maintain acid-base balance
Which one of the following is a microfibrillar collagen?
Another name for donor blood is which one of the following?
The electrolyte that controls the distribution of water in the body and maintains fluid and electrolyte balance is
The effect of osmotic diuretics in the treatment of glaucoma is to
draw fluid out of the eye.
The transfusion of donor blood carries the risk of:
transmission of bloodborne pathogens
Which one of the following, if administered preoperatively, will necessitate the placement of an indwelling urinary catheter?
A vasoconstrictor that, when added to a local anesthetic agent, extends its life is:
Which of the following hemostatics agents should be used immediately after it is constituted?
Which one of the following is a cycloplegic agent?
Thick, gelatinous substances that are injected into the eye to keep the chamber expanded or to replace vitreous humor are
The anterior cavity of the eye is filled with
One of the most common IV solutions used in the surgical setting is which one of the following?
0.9% sodium chloride
What type of ophthalmic medication is BSS?
The IV fluid composed of 5% dextrose in normal saline is:
The term remission refers to the:
abatement or stopping of symptoms.
Biological response modifiers (BRMs) are agents that:
boost the immune system.
The term metastasis refers to the tumor:
spreading to other parts of the body.
Normal potassium values are (in mEq/L):
3.5 to 5.0.
Select the external factor that causes cancer:
________ are natural proteins to boost immune cells, whereas, ______ are groups of proteins that contain anti-tumor effects.
_________ is the cause of disease
____________ agents are agents that harm normal cells and malignant cells.
_______ promote the regression of breast tumors.
Which one of the following statements is not true of benzodiazepines?
They are exclusively used in surgery.
Fentanyl is available under what trade name?
Which one of the following responses is not associated with the inadvertent injection of high-concentration epinephrine?
The indication of an epidural would be:
anorectal, vaginal, perineal, and obstetric procedures
The most widely used local anesthetic is
Which of the following is the most common benzodiazepine administered preoperatively?
Analgesics are administered during which phase of general anesthesia?
The preoperative phase of general anesthesia is which one of the following?
What is the trade name for midazolam?
Preoperative anesthesia assessment of the surgical patient is conducted by any one of the following individuals except
Nasal intubation may be useful for which type of surgical procedure?
During general anesthesia, exhaled C02 is absorbed by:
soda lime reservoir
Which one of the following is not a primary objective of general anesthesia?
Patient retains muscle tone during surgery.
An IVRA (Bier block) may be used for procedures such as
carpal tunnel release
Extubation occurs during which phase of anesthesia?
What are the five phases of general anesthesia in the correct sequence?
Preinduction, induction, maintenance, emergence, recovery
What is the generic name of the reversal agent for midazolam (Versed)?
Which one of the following groups of medications is given to relieve pain and reduce the amount of anesthesia needed during surgery?
Topical administration of 4% cocaine solution for a septoplasty is an example of a _______________ anesthetic.
The surgical patient's heart rate and rhythm are continually assessed using
Cardiac arrhythmias are often observed in surgical patients with imbalances of which one of the following electrolytes?
Impaired breathing due to constriction and inflammation of the bronchi is known as
A method of anesthesia in which medication is injected into the subarachnoid space, affecting a portion of the spinal cord, is called:
A severe and potentially lethal allergic reaction to a medication marked by hives, dyspnea, circulatory collapse, and severe bronchospasm is known as
For which type of regional block is the anesthetic agent injected into the space that surrounds the dura mater?
Which one of the following drugs is a not a benzodiazepine?
What is the name of the procedure performed during placement of the breathing tube to prevent aspiration pheumonia from regurgitation of stomach contents?
Which of the following is NOT a symptom of malignant hyperthermia?
Which one of the following is not one of the treatment steps for MH?
Medications used to reduce nausea and the possibility of vomiting are called
The generic name for Marcaine is
Preoperative assessment of the surgical patient is conducted by the anesthesia provider to gather information for all of the following purposes except to
determine if the procedure is necessary
Where does the recovery phase take place?
Malignant hyperthermia is caused by a defect in __________ transportation within the skeletal muscles
What is another name for Anectine?
The brand name for bupivacaine is
Which medication(s) is(are) given to treat a febrile nonhemolytic transfusion reaction to incompatible blood?
Inhalation agents enter the bloodstream from the inhaled air through the alveoli in the lungs.
Which one of the following statements does not apply to lidocaine?
lasts longer than bupivacaine
Blood oxygenation can be monitored during surgery by means of a/an:
A preoperative assessment places special emphasis on all of the following conditions except
The anesthesia provider would assign which physical status classification rating to a patient with severe systemic disease, massive obesity, controlled hypertension, or status post-myocardial infarction
The patient is most prone to agitation and excitement in which phase of anesthesia?
Which structure is encountered when placing an ET tube?
Which level of CPR should a surgical technologist be certified in?
health care provider
Which one of the following is a late sign of MH?
Extreme caution should be exercised when using which of the following for localized anesthesia of fingers, toes, and the peins, or in neonates?
The last sensation to leave the patient during general anesthesia induction is:
Measurement of inspired and expired carbon dioxide concentrations is which one of the following terms?
The purpose of a preoperative H2 blocker is to
inhibit production of gastric acid
What should the scrubbed surgical technologist's role be in the general anesthesia induction phase
maintains absolute quiet
Rapid IV administration of a concentrated dose of medication is known as a ______________.
Medications used to inhibit mucous secretions of the respiratory system and digestive tract are termed
The purpose of an LMA is
Which one of the following neutralizes gastric acid?
Which one of the following is not an adverse effect associated with nondepolarizing muscle relaxants?
elevated serum potassium in burn patients
A drug used to reverse an overdose of an analgesic is:
Patient intubation is performed during which phase of general anesthesia?
Benzodiazepines are reversed using which one of the following?
Which of the following drugs is a narcotic analegesic?
meperidine hydrochloride (Demerol)
Which drug has a milky appearance and is sometimes referred to as "milk of anmesia"?
Why might lidocaine be administered in the management of cardiac arrest?
To treat ventricular arrhythmias
The American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) has established the criteria for classifying the patient's
The biggest risk associated with general anesthesia is:
The drug used to treat malignant hypothermia is:
Demerol is a trade name for which one of the following generic drugs?
Each one of the following inhalation agents, either alone or in combination with succinylcholine, is considered a triggering agent for malignant hyperthermia except
Which one of the following is the only depolarizing muscle relaxant presently in use?
Anesthesia that is administered at the surgical site is a _____________ anesthetic.
Analgesics are used in surgery to reduce the necessary amount of anesthesia drugs.
In the preanesthesia era, surgery was based on
Which inhalation agent is used for short procedures requring no muscle relaxation?
Which one of the following groups of preoperative sedatives is most often used?
Which one of the following duties is the primary responsibility of the surgical technologist in the scrub role during an intraoperative cardiac arrest that occurs on the day shift?
maintain sterile field
Desflurane is marketed under what trade name?
The commonly used antiemetic used preoperatively is
What is the name of the device that is used to support or modify the curvature of the endotracheal tube during intubation?
The generic name for Sensorcaine is
Which medication is administered intravenously for anaphylaxis when it occurs under general anesthesia?
A Bier block provides
anesthesia t a distal portion of an extremity